Financial statement is a tool which allows the business to measure their finances. There are types of financial statements. These are profit and loss account, balance sheet and cash flow forecast. However in this question I will only be looking at two of the financial statements instead of the three and these are profit and loss account and balance sheet.
Profit and loss account
The profit and loss account is a valuable technique which shows the business how much it has made at the end of its financial year. For that reason this will help a future investor or financial institute to make a decision if it is worth taking the risk to invest in this business. In addition to that if it is a small business it will see how much profit has been made at the end of its financial year. This is a useful technique as it will help a business plan their finances and this can help them set a budget.
The structure of the profit and loss account is divided into two sectors. The top half of the profit and loss account starting from the sales to the gross profit is known as the trading account. The bottom half of the financial statement is the expenses and this will determine whether the business has made a y profit or loss at the end of the financial year.
Sales are the amount of revenue a business makes before deducting the cost of sales
Less inwards is the goods which are returned to the business and this is deducted from the sales.
Cost of sales
The cost of sales is the goods or services the business sells in order to make the sales for example the stock
The gross profit is the profit the business makes before the expenses and tax.
The expenses are the cost the business occurs while making the sales for example the wages and salaries.
The net profit is the profit the business makes after the expenses and the tax.
The order of the profit and loss account is that first you have the name of the owner, then you have the company name, then you have the name of the financial statement and then their have the date as for the year ended. The name of the owner is Isaac Swery and the company name is Home Sweet Home. Then the name of the financial statement is trading, profit and