Health and Safety in Social Care Essay Sample

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1.Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 , also referred to as HASAW or HSW, is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in the United Kingdom. The Health and Safety Executive is responsible for enforcing the Act and a number of other Acts and Statutory Instruments relevant to the working environment.

2.Health and Social Care Act 2008 The Health and Social Care Act 2008 established the Care Quality Commission as the regulator of all health and adult social care services.It is a single Act of Parliament that contains the commission’s powers and duties, and represents the modernisation and integration of health and social care. It contains some new powers of enforcement that were not held by any of the predecessor organisations.

3.Health and Social Care Act 2008 (Regulated Activities) Regulations 2010 These regulations have come into force at different times according to the type of service involved. They contain definitions of the services and activities that people must be registered to provide. In some cases, they contain details about the stages at which different types of provider will be brought into the registration system. They also contain details of the standards that people registered to provide and manage services will have to observe.

Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 places a duty on employers to assess and manage risks to their employees and others arising from work activities.

Employers must also make arrangements to ensure the health and safety of the workplace, including making arrangements for emergencies, adequate information and training for employees, and for health surveillance where appropriate. Employees must work safely in accordance with their training and instructions given to them. Employees must also notify the employer or the person responsible for health and safety of any serious or immediate danger to health and safety or any shortcoming in health and safety arrangements.

3. analyse the main health and safety responsibilities of you the employee.

Ensure the safety of lone workers, lone workers also have a responsibility to: take reasonable care to look after their own health and safety. make sure you safeguard the health and safety of other people affected by you and adhere to your employers health and safety proceedures. work in accordance with relevent safety instructions and not their employer’s health and safety procedures use tools and other equipment properly, in accordance with relevant safety instructions and not misuse equipment provided for use as part of your job. If you work remotely, you still have the same responsibilities for information security. you must still back up information, keep backups safe, ensure that equipment and software is up to date, and make sure people cannot read, overhear or steal information. .It’s also crucial that lone workers report any accidents, injuries, near misses and other dangerous occurrences. Without this information, it’s much more difficult to conduct a realistic risk assessment and to put necessary safety procedures and precautions in place.

Your employer/manager

As an employer you have the main responsibility for protecting the health and safety of lone workers.
* make the workplace safe train staff in all health and safety procedures communicate your health and safety policy to everybody  in your business
* provide adequate first aid facilities
* check that the right work equipment is provided and is properly used and regularly maintained
* provide health supervision as needed
* provide protective clothing or equipment where and when  necessary.
* ensure that the right warning signs are provided and looked after provide sufficient rest rooms and ensure rest breaks are  taken

* prevent risks to health
* ensure that hoists, wheelchairs, any equipment used by service users is safe to use, and that safe working practices are set up and followed * make sure that all materials are handled, stored and used safely * tell you about any potential hazards from the work you do, chemicals and other substances used by the firm, and give you information, instructions, training and supervision as needed * set up emergency plans

* make sure that ventilation, temperature, lighting, and toilet, washing and rest facilities all meet health, safety and welfare requirements * prevent or control exposure to substances that may damage your health * take precautions against the risks caused by flammable or explosive hazards, electrical equipment, noise and radiation * avoid potentially dangerous work involving manual handling and if it can’t be avoided, take precautions to reduce the risk of injury * report certain accidents, injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences to either the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or the local authority, depending on the type of business.

6. burns/scalds
.Appropriate first aid must be used to treat any burns or scalds as soon as possible.

.Remove any clothing or jewellery near the burnt area of skin. However, don’t try to remove anything that is stuck to the burnt skin because this could cause more damage.

.Cool the burn with cool or lukewarm water for 10–30  minutes, ideally within 20 minutes of the injury occurring.

.Cover the burn with cling film. Put the cling film in a layer over the burn, rather than wrapping it around a limb. A clean, clear plastic bag can be used for burns on your hand.

.Treat the pain from a burn with paracetamol or ibuprofen.

.Once you have taken these steps, you will need to decide whether further medical treatment is necessary.

A foreign object that is stuck at the back of the throat  may block the throat or cause muscular spasm.

if the blockage of the area airway is mild, the casualty should be able to clear it; if it is severe they will be unable to speak, cough, or breathe, and will eventually lose consciousness.

Mild obstruction

•Casualty able to speak, cry, cough or breathe.Severe obstruction •Casualty is unable to speak, cry, cough or breathe
•Casualty will eventually become unconcious without assistance.

Treatment for adult or child
Your aims are to remove the obstruction and to arrange urgent removal to hospital if necessary.

If the obstruction is mild:

•Encourage them to continue coughing
•Remove any obvious obstruction from the mouth.

If the obstruction is severe:
•Give up to five back blows

•Check the mouth and remove any obvious obstruction.
If the obstruction is still present:
Your aims are to remove the obstruction and to arrange urgent removal to hospital if necessary.

•Dial 999 (or 112) for an ambulance
•Continue until help arrives

How to Treat Someone Having an Epileptic Seizure
Loosen any clothing, ties or scarves that are tight around the person’s neck. Cushion his head and roll his body onto its side to prohibit choking. It may be necessary to position someone with his head pushed back so that the airway remains open for breathing.

2 Allow the person’s body to move and do not try to stop the epileptic seizure with restraints, as it will be impossible. Only move someone if there is some form of danger in the immediate vicinity, such as deep water or an open flame. Remove all sharp objects from the area to prevent the person having the seizure from hitting them.

3 Do not touch the person’s mouth or put anything in it, including water or medicine used to treat seizures, as it may cause the person to choke. People having seizures cannot swallow their tongues, despite popular belief.

4 Put a soft object underneath the person’s head,if possible. A pillow, coat or sweatshirt may be a good option to help prevent further trauma to the head.

5 Keep track of the amount of time the seizure lasts and watch for any specific symptoms, such as breathing patterns. The person’s doctor or ambulance staff is likely to want to know the details of the seizure to best treat her.

6 Ask other people who are around to stay calm and give the person plenty of room. Explain that the person is having a seizure, which is out of his control.

7 Be calm and stay by the person’s side until the seizure is over and she has regained consciousness. The person may be confused and tired or may feel embarrassed. Reassure the person and be patient while she rests and regains strength.

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