In this paper there will be a brief discussion of three forces that have affected the development of the U.S healthcare system. It will observe whether or not these forces will continue to have an effect on the U.S healthcare system over the next decade. This paper will also include an additional force, which may be lead to believe to have an impact on the health care system of the nation. And lastly this paper will evaluate the importance of technology in healthcare. There are three major forces that have affected the development of the health care system within the U.S. and these forces include social, political and economic. The first force is defined as a social force, and during this time in the year of “1850 was the development of the first hos-pitals within the United States, which marked the beginning of formal organization in the U.S” (Williams & Torrens, 2010, p.3).
“This particular force concentrated its efforts on public health problems, such as epidemics and various acute infections that affected large amounts of those individuals as a result of poor living conditions, such as unclean foods, contaminated water and housing. After most of the epidemic problems started getting under control, hospitals had to now solve other major problems such as trauma and diseases which were in critical need of surgical intervention” (Williams & Torrens, 2010, p. 3). The second force that affected the health system of the U.S is defined as political. During World War II and the years that followed after it up to 1980 was a period of major social and political development in the U.S health care system. “After the discovery of antibiotics, there were improvements in medical and surgical treatments of acute diseases, which would then allowed the health system to then focus its attention on more chronic illnesses as major targets for the very first time” (Williams & Torrens, 2010, p. 4).
Shortly before the year of 1900 health care was once seen as a personal, family and locality issue. And government officials were not involved with health care protection or the provision of care. Then in “1900 political candidates who were running for political national office positions began to change their way of thinking and the topic of national health insurance for all was discussed and this position was temporarily supported by the American Medical Association” (Williams & Torrens, 2010, p. 6). Later in 1953 a cabinet-level Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was put into place within the federal government structure. During this period came the development of “local nonprofit hospitals and medical insurance plans were created under the name of blue Cross Blue Shield. And as a part of employee fringed benefits employers only provided health insurance, which was the only form of health insurance until the passage and the input of Medicare during the mid-1960’s” (Williams & Torrens, 2010p. 6). Even though local governments continued to build and operate hospitals located within various counties for those with low income, financing and provision of care was still minimal. So without the involvement of state and federal governments Medicare then decided that this type of health insurance would be made available to everyone in the United States who were 65 and up, through a simple national insurance that was managed by the government.
The third force this paper observes is the economic force. In 1980 to present there was a great movement of people becoming more involved in their health and health care had increased. With the internet available society was now able to access information and educate themselves on various chronic illnesses and how these illnesses could be possibly prevented. Individuals now have access to information of how to prepare healthier meals, exercise techniques and health insurance coverage plans that is right for them. These three forces will continue to have an effect on the health care system of the U.S, because some individuals may have certain cultural beliefs about getting care from a doctor and others may have certain economic circumstance that prevents them from getting the proper health care they may need. Examples of this would be not having access to a vehicle or public transportation if the nearest hospital is located farther away from the home, no cellular device to remind them of important appointment dates and other find it very difficult to wait in long lines to receive services that are offered to them.
An additional force that could have an effect on the health care system of the nation would be the Obama care. This is a Universal health care reform that would benefit everyone across the nation, including those with pre-existing conditions and those that have difficulty obtaining the proper medical attention that they need. I believe that with this type of health care it could save many more lives and lessen the financial worries of families who have love ones that are in need of a special procedure who may have to travel across that the states to have the procedure done. “A week prior to July 3rd of 2012 “the Supreme Court decided in favor of the universal healthcare statute that was passed under the Obama administration and upheld the individual mandate. But surprisingly no one of the conservatives decried the decision as contributing to the downfall of society, evidence that President Obama is a socialist, and generally anti-American. But conservatives have been consistent in their opposition and criticism of universal healthcare as a concept in general and especially the law. But their dissatisfaction with the Supreme Court decision is faulty based on the job the justices are tasked with and the general direction of the American society” (Brookins, 2012, para. 1).
Now this paper will evaluate the importance of technology in health care. Technology can be a powerful but also very costly set of services and products that will have a great impact on health care out comes. With technology playing an important role in health care it can improve the recovery time of patients and make hospital visits more accessible and as well allow physicians to serve more patients by making the wait time much lesser. “A few health care technologies by industrial groups are, pharmaceuticals which include biological pharmaceuticals and chemical pharmaceuticals. Medical devices such as Nondiagnostic medical equipment, diagnostic medical equipment, large scale imaging equipment and small scale imaging and diagnostic equipment. Health care information technology includes communications technology, data storage, retrieval and management technology” (Williams & Torrens, 2010, p.21). With these type of technologies in place it helps to make the hospital environment run more smoothly and more efficiently.
Brookins, T. (2012, July 3). Socialist Journal: Obamacare. Socialist’s Journal: Obamacare. Retrieved from http://www.eurweb.com/2012/07/the-socialists-journal-obamacare/ Williams, S. J., & Torrens, P. R. (2010). Understanding Health Systems: The Organization of Health Care in the United States. In M. Staudt, & M.
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