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Historical Development of Japanese Buddhism from Ancient Times to the Present Day Essay Sample

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Historical Development of Japanese Buddhism from Ancient Times to the Present Day Essay Sample

1. The Sūtra in Forty-two Sections: It is about the dream that Emperor Ming had in which he saw a spirit flying around the palace. The minister tell the Emperor that it must be Buddha and the Emperor asked to go and returned with a copy of the Scripture of forty two Sutras and later deposited in a temple. In the Sutras in Forty-two Section also mentioned about the five guidelines they are not to kill, not to steal, not to commit adultery, not to speak falsely and not to drink alcohol. This Scripture of Sutra in Forty-two Section is also use as the basic book of Buddhism.

2. Three ages of the Dharma: It is talked about the three ages of the Dhrama which are True Dhrama which is five hundred year, Semblance Dhrama which is 1000 year and the Final Dhrama which is 10,000 year. The True Dhrama talked about how to access to the truth and also the age where the practices of Buddhism are awakened. It is also the period when Buddha lived and presents his teaching. During this period many people attained enlightenment after listening to Buddha’s teaching. In the Semblance Dhrama it talked about when the teachings are practiced but enlightenment is seldom attained. The Final Dhrama talked about the declined of the religion Buddhism.

3. Six Destines: The six destines talked about the six possibilities for rebirth after dead. The Buddhist believes that the six possibilities are god, a human, an asura, an aminal, a hungry ghost, or a hell dweller. All the member of the Buddhism believe that the goal is not to reborn and escape the cycle. The best possible reborn is when they are reborn as god.

4. Three training: The three training is higher virtue, higher mind and higher and higher wisdom. The Noble Eightfold Path can also be a virtue. The higher mine as to do with the meditation. And the higher wisdom is understood to do the meditation.

5. Six schools of Nara: The six school of Nara were academic Buddhist sect that introduced to Japan from Korea and China. They were to mastering the philosophy from Asia and also to court patronage. These six schools were competing for prominence and patronage with imperial court. These six sects were known as the Six Southern Schools of Nara Buddhism because Nara was in the south.

II: Essay Writing: Compare and Contrast the Mahayana with the so-called Hinayana (Sravakayana). How are the views of the Buddha, bodhisattvas, arhats, the path of practice, the nature of the world, the nature of nirvana, lay practitioners, and scriptures, and so forth, in these two systems different?

I am going to compare and contrast these two different terms. Before doing the comparison I will try to define these terms according to our textbook. According to the textbook Mahayana is refer to has the ‘great vehicle’, it is used by the proponents of sutras that began to appear some four centuries after the death of the Buddha and which were regarded by them as the word of the Buddha. In the other hand the Hinayana is referred to have the ‘low vehicle’, it is used by proponents of the Mahayana to describe those who do not accept the Mahayana sutras as authentic words of the Buddha.

This two kind of believe in the Buddhism religion are quite different from each other. They got lots of different from one another. This are some of the evidences that they are different from one another is about the view of the Buddha, in Hinayana it is unique and superman and also one Buddha per world cycle and on the other hand in the Mahayana there are many Buddha and the Buddha appear to save everyone. The Buddha has a vast store of merit that manifest as a Pure Land. They also have different view on Arhat which in Hinayana , it is believe the human are awakened, and the goal is Sravakayana while in Mahayana it is self-control and also inferior. The view of the Bodhisattva in the Hinayana are superior human and only on at a time while in the Mahayana the Bodhisattva is a superior being who have made a vow, also embodies contradictions and cultivate compassion. They are also have different believe in the path of the practice. In Hinayana they believe that eight –fold path, three teachings which are meditation, morality and wisdom while in Mahayana it believe in the six perfection of the Bodhisattva which are giving or open-handedness morality, patience, will power, trance and wisdom.

They also view the Karma differently because in Hinayana the Karma causes the way things work and on the other hand Mahayana believe that Karma is the vows and the transfer of merit are more powerful than Karma. These two view the world oppositely because Hinayana view it as real, but temporary based of senses while in contrasting the Mahayana view as illusory or false and exist in some fashion. The Mahayana also views the world as empty of self-nature. They view the Nirvana separately because in Hinayana they believe in Nirvana with remainder, the Nirvana with remainder in death and static Nirvana while in Mahayana they believe in non-static Nirvana. They are also different in regarding the view of who practice Buddhism because in Hinayana monks, nuns and some lay people but rarely on the other hand in Mahayana everyone and also everyone can attain salvation. In the Hinayana they don’t recognize Mahayana and they also claim that the scripture are false, teachings are wrong and the path is misguided. In Mahayana they accept the teachings of agamas but subordinate them, they believe that it is the final teaching of the Buddha.

There are no similarities that I can come up with except they are both Buddhism believe.

In concluding I believe that by being in this class it really help to motivate me more to look into more the Buddhism teaching. All the above mentioned ideas were from the class and I strongly believe that this class really helps us know more about the Buddhism religions.

Describe the historical development of Japanese Buddhism from ancient times to the present day. How have scholar explained the development of Chinese Buddhism by dividing it into different periods? What are the general characteristics of each of these periods?

This essay is about Buddhism in Japan. When did it arrived there and how it has affected the custom and how is Buddhism in the present day Japan.

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