We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

History of Cotton in India Essay Sample

essay
  • Pages: 3
  • Word count: 579
  • Rewriting Possibility: 99% (excellent)
  • Category: history india

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

India has been well known for her textile goods since very ancient times. The traditional textile industry of India was virtually decayed during the colonial regime. However, the modern textile industry took birth in India in the early nineteenth century .The first cotton mill in India was started in 1818.Yet, even the British rulers of India could not neglect Indian cotton. For “practically till the end of the eighteenth century, no source of supply of cotton other than India was known to the world”.

Even as early as in 1764, India exported about 10,000 bales of cotton to Great Britain. But the growing Lancashire industry needed more and better cotton. Small wonder, the British Government in India “took every conceivable measure to aid and encourage – and even to undertake – the cultivation in India of more and better cotton and its clean marketing to Great Britain”. While these efforts reduced India from riches to rags in less than half a century, and transformed the age-old ace producer of finest cotton muslins in the world into a decayed colonial vestige supplying raw-cotton to feed the industrial revolution of both the West and East (Japan), to the dismay of the British Government the spirit of Swadeshi also emerged simultaneously, which later fanned

the freedom movement and led eventually to the exit of the British from this country in 1947.

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
style="text-align: justify;">The twentieth century began with a new upsurge in cotton cultivation. Exports to Japan peaked 1.6 million bales in 1916-17 and though declined after the cessation of World War I hostilities in 1918 following the revival of European markets, they were still high and averaged around 40 to 50 per cent of India’s total exports. Meanwhile, as India began to lose its export market in yarn in the face of intensive competition from Japan, the stage was set for the vertical integration of the Indian cotton textile industry. Till then the emphasis in the industry was more on spinning than on weaving.

The situation now began to change and composite mills with both spinning and weaving units emerged. The Swadeshi movement of 1906-10 also gave a good impetus to the development of the industry. By 1914, the number of mills had increased to 214. And on the eve of the establishment of the East India Cotton Association in 1921-22, there were 271 cotton mills in the country with nearly 7 million active spindles and 1,25,000 looms, producing more than 300 million kg. of yarn and 1500 million meters of cloth. It is therefore not surprising that cotton acreage spread to 10 million hectares and production of lint rose to a new all time high of 5.5 million bales towards the end of the 1920s. Exports still absorbed almost two-third of the output.

Such was the Indian cotton scene at the time of the birth of the East India Cotton Association in 1922. During the preceding hundred years, cotton cultivation and production in the country had grown nearly ten-fold. No doubt, during the 19th century India was ravaged by frequent famines and droughts and after failed to feed its own people. But we continued to grow more and more cotton to feed the textile industry of the world. The cotton textile industry is rightly described as a Swadeshi industry because it was developed with indigenous entrepreneurship and capital and in the pre-independence era the Swadeshi movement stimulated demand for Indian textile in the country.

We can write a custom essay on

History of Cotton in India Essay Sample ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

A Brief Look At The History Of...

Throughout the history of civilization man has often made monuments in many varied forms symbolic of the cultures they live in. These monuments are usually represented through arts of architecture, landscaping, painting, and sculpture. These diverse forms of art have their own unique qualities, all of which can be accented with sculpture in some way. As sculpture usually relates closely to the other arts in expression and style, it still relies on all of the social aspects of the society in which it resides for its meaning and purpose. The three-dimensional and long-lasting qualities contribute to the wide use of sculpture as a cultural expression of the beliefs and ideals of man. Mostly these beliefs are displayed in varied forms such as designs or decorative additions like religious symbols of idols or gods, civic leaders, beings of myth or legend and other figures historically or socially significant to the society...

13th And 14th Century Motets

The motet is hardly a term that can be defined in brief. It is a word that requires a descriptive analysis for each time period. Throughout its history, the motet has taken on several different forms and ideas. A significant difference in the definition of the motet can be seen between the 13th and 14th centuries. It is appropriate to begin in the 13th century, when the motet was originated. Originally, the motet was seen as a decoration of chant, for it was based on the sacred Latin texts of the Gregorian chant. In the early motet the tenor, or bottom voice, sang original Gregorian chant. In terms of form, it originated as a troped clausula. This changed in the 14th century when the idea of the motet was more secular, the tenor did not sing chant. The text was usually French and portrayed ideas of courtly love and satire....

A Troubled Paradise

Sovereignty is a sway favor of the omnipotent Almighty Allah to humankind; freedom, by all means, refers to human beings and to other creatures and does hold its magnitude in all aspects. It has widely been manifested by the human history that human beings have ever been striving for freedom, thus, the impression bands no dilemma in it as liberty stands to be the at heart right to all. It has been 70 years since the first shots were fired in the conflicted territory, Kashmir over its status which still remains undecided. Kashmir is a small region in the north of India; a part of the Jammu and Kashmir state which is the northernmost state in India, nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, the Kashmir region is of great strategic importance and beauty which makes it a very prized possession. The conflict between India and Pakistan, two lands united...

Popular Essays

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?