A. History of Mozart’s Childhood and Adulthood
Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756. His father, a skilled violinist and music teacher himself, encouraged his young son to play many instruments from the tender age of three; instruments ranging from the violin to the organ and beyond. By the age of five, Mozart had started composing music for himself. As a young man, Mozart travelled extensively throughout Europe, with his time spent in Vienna in the early 1770s being particularly rewarding; it was here that he composed two operas, ‘Mitridate’ and ‘Lucio Silla’. Later during this decade, Mozart’s first operas began to be performed in Germany, and he found employment from 1774 to 1777 at the court of the Prince Archbishop in his hometown of Salzburg. During this period, the classical composer completed his complete violin concertos, along with various symphonies and masses, and six piano sonatas amongst other pieces. The next few years saw Mozart searching for further success as a classical composer, his travels taking him from Paris to Munich and back to Vienna.
Mozart supplemented his music-composing income by teaching and playing either privately or in public. The composer married Constanze Weber in 1782 and decided to devote his time to writing piano concertos; he had created fifteen by the end of 1786. B. At what age did Mozart died , and what was the cause ? The year 1786 saw Mozart team up with respected librettist Lorenzo da Ponte for the comic operas that were to become his most famous works; these included ‘The Marriage of Figaro’ and ‘Don Giovanni’. However, these years also saw a substantial decline in health for the classical composer, and he died on December 5th, 1791. The attendant physician recorded Mozart’s death as fever, a somewhat vague notion that led to widespread speculation as to the real cause behind the composer’s demise; some attributed it to rheumatic fever, whilst others believed (and some still do believe) that Mozart had been poisoned.
C. Explain “Why did the writer’s said that Mozart life is tragedy “? Mozart had health problems throughout his life, suffering from smallpox, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, typhoid fever, rheumatism, and gum disease.His final illness began when he visitedPrague to supervise the performance of his new opera La clemenza di Tito in 1791. The visit was fairly successful from a professional standpoint,[2however, while in Prague Mozart began to feel ill. Early Mozart biographer Franz Niemetschek wrote, “…he was pale and expression was sad, although his good humour was often shown in merry jest with his friends.” Following his return to Vienna, Mozart’s condition gradually worsened. For a while, he was still able to work and completed his Clarinet Concerto, worked toward the completion of the Requiem, and conducted the premiere performance of The Magic Flute on 30 September. Still, he became increasingly alarmed and despondent about his health. Even so, Mozart’s worst symptoms of illness soon returned, together with the strong feeling that he was being poisoned. He became bedridden on 20 November, suffering from swelling, pain and vomiting
D. What kind of Composer is Mozart?
Mozart composed classical music! While visiting England during the early European tour, Wolfgang met with Johann Christian Bach (one of the sons of Johann Sebastian Bach) and struck up a friendship with him which undoubtedly had an influence on the direction taken the young composer. Later at the age of 16 on a visit to Vienna, Mozart got to know the music of Haydn. The two formed a close relationship of mutual support and there is a strong similarity not only their musical forms and traditions but also in their musical soundscape and tuneful lyricism. Although Mozart is frequently thought of as composing the most beautiful music effortlessly, he studied hard under his father to learn the techniques of the established masters including Bach, Handel and Haydn. The triumvirate of Haydn, Mozart and the early Beethoven are frequently thought of as being at the core of the classical era where the forms we know today (including the Symphony, Sonata and Concerto) were consolidated and stretched.
These three in turn were to deeply influence composers over the next two centuries. Mozart became a Freemason while staying in Vienna, and it was his masonic friends who helped to support him financially. Freemasonry was also an influence on him musically, and he incorporated masonic symbolism into some of his works of this period. One final thing that’s worth mentioning about Mozart and his music is that his name has been used in the context of the “Mozart Effect”. It has been noted in various studies that classical music can make people and animals relax or become more productive. While the effect is said to occur for a wide range of classical music, it is the music of Mozart that is most closely associated with this phenomenon, and possibly because his work is often thought of a being perfectly formed.