We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

How Did the Government Mobilise the Minds of the Nation toward War Essay Sample

essay
  • Pages: 5
  • Word count: 1,348
  • Rewriting Possibility: 99% (excellent)
  • Category: war

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

Propaganda is a very powerful thing deliberately used to control or alter people’s attitudes, and those whose attitudes have already been controlled or altered, produce predictable behaviour. Propaganda does not depend on violence or bribery. It is simply the publication or broadcast of information designed to influence wartime attitudes towards a particular point of view.

Propaganda was often used in 1914. In fact, there were 4,500 cinemas built around Britain to influence propaganda. British filmmakers made over 240 war films between 1915 and 1918. Some of these films are the most famous films of war. The films were propaganda triumphs and brought the people closer to the conditions of war; this is a very powerful type of propaganda. Films were made such as the battle of Somme which was made as propaganda as it was sanitised for public display, using a mixture of stage footage and genuine battle sequences, probably one of the most remarkable films of the year.

In 1914, propaganda had developed so much that it was then divided into two main categories: State Propaganda and Private Propaganda. State Propaganda was any type of propaganda which involved the government such as newspapers which they controlled and used a combination of triumph and defamation of the enemy to influence people’s opinions of the war as they wanted all civilians to contribute to the wartime effort. Private propaganda involves attitudes coming from individuals with no form of pressure from the government such as poetry, children’s tails and comics. Comics and books for children gave across a patriotic feeling. The British were always brought across to be modest, brave and successful whilst the enemy was always portrayed as cowardly and treacherous. This type of propaganda sold very well.

These two main categories then sub-divide into three official types of propaganda: home (organised by Ministry of the Interior), enemy (organised by the War Office) and neutral (organised by the Foreign Office). Home propaganda is targeted to the own countries civilians, enemy propaganda is targeted towards the enemy and neutral propaganda is to persuade neutral people to have hatred for the ‘enemy’ and contribute towards the wartime effort. All of these included tools of imperial propaganda such as books, newspapers, paintings, poems, leaflets and posters. Posters were significantly effective because they are much personalised, targeting an individual, often in huge block capitals, cutting straight to the point. They are effective because they are throwing all types of emotions to individuals such as haste, demand, force, loyalty, guilt, honour, pride and use psychology to make you think if you don’t join the army then you are not serving your duty by contributing to the wartime effort.

Posters are also used to recruit people as well as persuading them to volunteer. I think they would like people to volunteer because a nothing is more powerful than a heart of a volunteer. Although it was soon the case that they had to start conscripting people and it was these conscripts who won the war anyway in the BEF (British Expeditionary Force).

"text-align: justify;">It was very important that propaganda was thrown towards the home audience as

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
they had many aims: recruitment for soldiers, recruitment for war industries, regulating behaviour, national security – spy mania, fundraising, maintaining public morale, using the church’s support (‘God is on your side’) and establishment of national unity behind just a cause.

By 1916, cinemas had really started to take off and other methods of conveying propaganda were introduced such as creating leaflets with explicit stories of German barbarism and how German factories were using dead bodies to turn them into fat, oil and possibly even pig’s fodder. Though it was a lie, it was spread across the world and turned Germans into ruthless beings. Most of the news stories published were true but due to their explicit content they were not thought of as lies. Some authors signed a declaration stating that they supported the war. They then used mass literacy as the department of history at Oxford University produced a five-volume explanation of why Britain was justified in going to war. This dismissed all the doubts about war being the wrong thing which then truly mobilised the minds of the nation towards war.

Propaganda was how the state took greater control over peoples lives. Propaganda told them where to work, how to spend their leisure, what to eat, what to do and especially what to think. Citizens were denied access to information that could lead them to the question ‘Is the war worth fighting?’ It was aimed to make sure that the nation could not think for themselves, therefore not realising that the war was not a good thing. The government used propaganda to eliminate any chance of the nation turning against war. It was propaganda which recruited soldiers in the first place. Also, propaganda used peer pressure. An example of this is a poster urging the wife to ask herself is her man worthy of her if he isn’t in uniform? This will then persuade her to have words with him and maybe consider having him signed up to the army to fight for his country as an obligation. Another poster was of a man sitting in a very comfortable room with his two children who were playing soldiers. His kids the asked ‘father, what did you do in the war’.

This will then put men on the spot if they were asked that in real life because it shows they didn’t totally commit themselves to the wartime effort if they were sitting there in that comfortable armchair in front of the fire. This shows that propaganda was effective to a certain extent. Also the department of information succeeded in encouraging anti-German feeling and disguising the full horrors of war. This was done by censoring letters from soldiers, reporters weren’t allowed to see battles very often, no photographs could be taken which showed dead soldiers, casualty figures weren’t available from the government, often the parliament wasn’t told how the war was going and newspapers were censored by 1915 because they didn’t want to make the readers feel depressed so they made things sound better than they really were. Propaganda was successful as it was the main tool used to promote the good side of war which will then keep the minds of the nation motivated as most of the ghastly reality is concealed. This would also emphasise the fact that propaganda was effective.

It is hard to define whether propaganda was a complete success. All in all, it was to a certain extent due to the fact that it kept the war firm despite the amount of casualties because the newspapers proved to be very successful in the way that more than half the population read newspapers during the war. The newspapers circulation even increased by double. This must’ve meant the propaganda worked because citizens must have read what the government would have wanted them to read, therefore people mobilizing themselves on their own accord demolished the reason for extreme measures of propaganda to take place.

Citizens joined their own patriotic organisations again reducing the need for too much propaganda. To a certain extent hatred was brought upon Germany by propaganda. The full horrors of war were disguised which was a great success. The good side of war was highlighted by official reports, press coverage and film material. Overall, propaganda most definitely mobilised the minds of the nation whether it was through newspapers, comics, leaflets, books, etc but the main fact is the government managed to blind the horror of war and only showed the nation what they wanted to see which would act as a boost in morale hence, the citizens will contribute more to the wartime effort which is what the government would have wanted in the first place.

We can write a custom essay on

How Did the Government Mobilise the Minds of the N ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

The Civil Rights Act and Reconstruction Act

The American Civil War and Reconstruction Era have caused a general and social change, most particularly for the African Americans in the South. The passing of the Civil Rights Act, Reconstruction Act, and the unwritten Compromise of 1877 to end Reconstruction was all a fight for the African Americans to gain their equality and freedom. The Civil War had entirely changed how Americans viewed their morals. During the American Civil War and Reconstruction period, continuity and change were constantly occurring through the legislations that the President and government were passing, along with the impact it had on the African Americans, and the southerners reaction to these new measures. One of the legislations that were passed by Congress that had impacted the African Americans and white southerners were the Civil Rights Act of 1866. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 purpose was to protect the Freedmen from the Black Codes and...

The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood overview

The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood is based on the anxieties of the 1980’s impending nuclear war and the issues of gender and reproduction. Atwood portrays a dystopian society based in a republic called Gilead, which is run by a theocratic and misogynist dictatorship. The society distorts the hierarchy of its citizens from the modern world, to one that characterizes males as the ruling class, who oversee women in servant roles. Most of the women population of Gilead is infertile, while the women that still have the ability of child- bearing, live under sexual degradation as handmaids in the households of the Commanders that act as the ruling class. By using a feminist and Marxist viewpoint to analyze the novel, it magnifies the power that women have over themselves and others regardless of their suppression and to further the agenda of men. Due to economic factors, the Gileadean society is...

The hybrid threat of the Second Indochina...

The hybrid threat of the Second Indochina War significantly contributed to the unification of Vietnam and the only known loss to the United States of America. The combination of assistance from Communist allies to the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong, along with the tactics utilized, played a monumental role in defeating the Republic of South Vietnam and the U. S. These regular and irregular forces’ working together in conjunction of the aid rendered by China and the Soviet Union is an excellent example of a hybrid threat. The North Vietnamese Army (NVA) and the Viet Cong (VC) both shared mutual desires to Re-Unify Vietnam into one country and remove the western influence within their region. The NVA utilized conventional or regular military tactics when fighting a campaign. The VC were opposite of their counterparts in their approach to fighting. The VC utilized “guerilla warfare” or irregular tactics to fight. The...

Popular Essays

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?