*This branch consists of Congress, which is made up of the Senate and House Representatives. * The purpose of the Legislative Branch is to write and pass laws that will help guide and justly govern the Country. *The responsibilities and powers of this branch is also to print money, regulate interstate and foreign commerce ,establish a federal court system, establish a post office, regulate immigration and naturalization and to approve treaties. *Congress has the authority to declare war and they establish armed forces. *Congress also has the right to use investigative powers.
*The House of Representatives is made up of 435 elected members, divided among the 50 states. The number of representatives depends on the population within the state. The election takes place very two years. * The House has several powers and duties including the power to initiate revenue bills, impeach federal officials, and elect the President in the case of an Electoral College tie. *The Legislative Branch establishes the Senate as well.
* The Senate is composed of 100 Senators, 2 for each state. Senators serve six year terms. *The Senate also has several powers and duties which include ratifying treaties and tries impeachment cases for federal officials referred by the House. *The House must also approve appointments to the Vice Presidency and any treaty that involves foreign trade. *To pass legislation and send it to the President for his signature, both the House and the Senate must pass the same bill by majority vote. If the President decides to veto a bill, the House and the Senate together may override his veto by passing the bill again in with at least two-thirds of each body voting in favor of it. The Executive Branch
*Is made up of the President, Vice, President, and the Executive Officers. * The Executive Branch allows the President to carry out federal laws, recommend new laws, and direct national defense and foreign policy. *The President is the Head of Government and the Head of State. * The President is responsible for enforcing laws written by Congress. *The President also appoints the heads of federal agencies, including the Cabinet. *The President also has the power to direct the government, act as chief law enforcement officer, command the Armed Forces when dealing with international issues, and also vetoed laws that they do not feel are in the best interest of the Country.
*The Vice President will take the place of the President if something should happen to him. *The Vice President also serves as the President of the United States Senate, where he or she casts the deciding vote in the case of a tie. *The Executive Office responsibilities include providing support and advice for the President in helping him make decisions to govern effectively. *The Cabinet is made up of 15 executives departments appointed by the President but confirmed by the Senate. *The Cabinet and federal agencies are responsible for the day-to-day enforcement and administration of federal laws. Like the Department of Defense, Department of Education and the Social Security Administration to name a few.
*The Judicial Branch is headed by the Supreme Court. *Its responsibilities include understanding and interpreting the Constitution, reviewing the laws, and then deciding on cases that involve States’ rights. * Members of this branch are chosen by the President and then confirmed by the Senate. They do not serve a certain term, but instead serve until death, retirement, etc. *Judges can be only impeached by congress.
*The number of Supreme Court judges is decided by Congress. *The courts only try actual cases. A party must show that it has been harmed in order to bring suit. * Cases brought before the judiciary typically proceed from district court to appellate court and may even end at the Supreme Court. The Legislative Branch,the Executive Branch, and the Judicial Branch all work together to make sure that laws are developed and then upheld that are in the best interest of the nation. These laws are written by the Legislative Branch, and then implemented by the Executive Branch. The Judicial Branch ensures that the laws are being upheld . They interpret the law and apply it to cases, in which they make decisions based on if the laws are being upheld.