ICT in Society Essay Sample
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ICT in Society Essay Sample
ICT has changed most of our lives from the way we work to the way we communicate with each other. Nowadays ICT is not just associated with computers, it can be linked with anything that has a computer chip in it e.g. mobile phones.
ICT within businesses
Almost every work place will have some form of ICT within their business. This is because it makes things a lot quicker and easier. ICT has changed the way businesses operate. In the past business had to write out all their reports and document then store them manually. This makes it more difficult to keep track of all the papers. This meant that it was more likely for businesses to lose important documents. However as the years have past technology has progressed. It is no longer necessary for business to keep all their records manually. They can keep a record by saving it on the computer and backing it up on a USB. In addition, it has also changed the way businesses operate because instead of having offices they can set up online business. This makes it cheaper for the business because they do not need to spend money on staff or offices. Additionally it also makes it cheaper for the customer because the business will lower their prices. Call centers have made businesses customer service less expensive due to them moving to countries with cheaper labour.
ICT has also changed the way information is stored in the past information was stored manually (in files). However nowadays ICT can be used to store information about people or goods quickly and easily. People can use database software to store information and if they want to make calculations, they can use spreadsheet software. As technology ahs developed, we can now use new input devices like bar code scanners and OMR to store information quickly and accurately. However, this has made it easier for other people to obtain private data about our lives. As well as changing the way, information is stored it has also changed the way products and goods are manufactured. Products and objects can be made quickly and precisely due to the developments of computer systems. It is a lot easier for businesses to make high quality products however, they do not have to spend as much as they used to. In addition, it is easier for businesses to distribute their products to their customers using bar code readers.
The positive effects of ICT
There are many different advantages to using ICT systems including the improvement of the lives of disabled people. This is because people with mobility problems do not have to travel to stores because they can shop for food or clothes online. Another example of the way ICT makes it easier for people that are disabled is that if someone has bad eyesight they can enlarge documents to enable them to see the words. In addition, if someone has bad earning they can put subtitles to watch TV this will enable them to understand what they are watching. In addition, ICT has revolutionised entertainment. This means that instead of having to watch just 5 channels the member of the public now have a range of television channels to choose from this is due to satellite and digital TV. Nowadays computer games have very sophisticated MP3 players which allow people to listen to a range of music as well as playing the game. Also hospitals have benefited from the Use of ICT in their hospitals. This is because they can know use specialist technology to look inside patients bodies e.g. X-ray. This helps the doctors diagnose the patients much quicker. Additionally, people who don’t have time to go to college or university can now get their qualifications online from home.
Although ICT has benefited many people it also has negative effects such as it can increase the amount of paper wasted each year. This is because of printing, many people print out documents using a modern printer because they find it is cheaper and easier. However this waste’s a lot of paper because the printer only prints of one sided. In addition because of the use of ICT it has allowed the increase of the illegal piracy of games, music, and movies. Additionally many people are unaware that the use of computers can cause eye strain repetitive strain injury and back ache. This means that people need to decrease the amount of time they spend on computers. Another negative point to using computer is they can sometimes get computer viruses which in the worst case could break down their computer. This means that will have to spend money on repairs.
The differences between my system and commercial systems
There are many differences between my system and commercial systems including
Commercial systems are more difficult and complicated. This is because most commercial businesses are very large. This means that they have several workers. In addition my logo was very colourful and had quite a few pictures. However a commercial business may have a simpler logo. This is because they may want to look more sophisticated.
Training requirements for ICT systems
It is very difficult to use a computer for someone who has never seen one before. Therefore many businesses pay for special training for their workers. They may begin with a starter’s course to teach them the basics to using a computer like switching a computer on. Then they may go onto an intermediate course which could teach them how to use the Microsoft office e.g. Microsoft word. Then they may go to a more advanced course teaching them about the internet and how you can use it to search things.