Identify the signs and symptoms of common childhood illnesses. There are lots of illnesses that children pick up from chicken pox to cold sores.
The first common childhood illness if want to identify the signs and symptoms of is Chicken Pox. The first sign\symptom that starts chicken pox of and makes adults aware that the child has this is the rash it begins with a rash and within 12-14 hours will be itchy blisters that usually appear in patches. However there are many symptoms before the rash that could indicate to chicken pox such as a child may have: a high temperature and felling sick aching and painful muscles a headaches and all round felling unwell. The spots usually appear in clusters and tend to be: Behind the ears
On the face
Over the scalp
On the chest and belly
On the arms and legs hand and feet
The second common child hood illness is meningitis. Babies and toddlers from 0-5 years are more common and most likely to develop meningitis. There are two kinds of this illness: Bacterial and Viral. Babies and toddlers are at most risk of developing bacterial meningitis. Some of the symptoms/signs are: High fever
Cold hands and feet
And refusing food.
And a rash may develop
One of the most common ways to discover if your child does have meningitis Is by doing something called the glass test. This can be done if a rash appears not every child with meningitis will get one. If you press the sides of a clear glass firmly against the skin and the rash dons fade Isa sign of meningococcal septicemia. If this is the case the rash will be of tiny pin pricks that will eventually develop into purple bruising. If the child has a fever and a rash that does not fade under pressure seek medical help straight away.
Viral meningitis signs and symptoms are:
Mild flu like symptoms
Generally not feeling well
Sensitivity to light
Unlike bacterial meningitis viral meninges doesn’t usually lead to septicemia which is blood poisoning.
There is no clear way without medical tests to distinguish the difference between the two types of meningitis.
The third and final childhood illness will be Croup. This is an infection of the throat and vocal chords. It’s most commonly caused by a virus that makes the lining of throat to become red and swollen. In children under 5 years old it is called croup over 5 years olds it’s called laryngitis. It often starts after a couple of days of having cold as it is caused by the same viruses. Signs and symptoms of croup/laryngitis Cold like symptoms that develop into a cough and fever.
Loud barking cough
Any activity that makes the child breather faster could make the child sound worse.
Symptoms of croup are often worse at night.
If the child’s symptoms then it is recommended by the NHS to seek medical help. If not then it can be treated at home.
2.2. Describe the actions to take when children or young people are ill or injured. There are different actions to take when children are ill or
injured. Children are usually up to all kinds and getting into all kinds of situations so child care professional have to be prepared for anything that could happen to a child or young person whilst they are in there care.
Child/young person A is playing at break time and trips over causing them to cut there knee. In this scenario I would take the child/young person indoors to where the first aid box is kept. I would then access the cut to see weather medics are needed (if the cut is a deep wound) if not I would then calm the child down I would then wipe the cut with an antiseptic wipe once done plaster it and make sure the child is ok.
Child/young person B was doing pie and was using the gym equipment of a great height. As they were climbing they fell hitting there head on the way down and child B is now unconscious.
In this situation medical attention is needed. One adult should take all children back to the classroom whilst one stays with the child/young person another staff member must alert the manager/head teacher and make sure 999 is called and an ambulance on the way once this has happened the parents/guardians need to be made aware and told which hospital to go to. Once the ambulance has arrived a staff member needs to go in the ambulance with the child.
Child/young person C was not there usual self this morning and was also less active at playtime they are now running a high temperature. The thing to do in this situation would be to let the manager know who will then contact their parents/guardians to collect the child if they are un available to collect the child look on the child’s contact sheets and phone the next family member i.e. grandparents. Once collected they should then be kept off from nursery for up to 48 hours until the temperature is down 2:3 . Identify circumstances when children and young people might require urgent medical attention. When working in a childcare setting there will be circumstances were children may require urgent medical attention.
Circumstances happen in everyday life. In a child care setting there could be a number of things that children could get into and require medical attention urgently for example if a child has symptoms of a serious illness such as meningitis which could be a fever, headache and more reassuringly if theres a rash which does not fade when a glass is pressed to it. Another would be if they were having trouble breathing and blueness around the lip area. As a member of staff working around young people and children we need to be aware of changes in children’s behaviour children/young people may also require urgent medical attention if they have any of the following: Bone fractures, seizures, concussions or asthma attacks.
2.4. Describe the actions to take in response to emergency situations including:
• security incidents
• missing children or young people
In childcare settings there will be emergency situations. Children need to be aware what to do in situations like fires which is why there are practise drills. The actions to take in a fire would be as follows: If you have discovered the fire alert all in the building by setting off the fire alarm. If the fire is controllable get the nearest extinguisher and put the fire out. If the fire cannot be handled via an extinguisher, head out to the nearest assembly point and make sure fire services are on the way. Once everyone is out, take a register to make sure each person is accounted for and if anyone is missing alert the fire service as to how many and who is missing. No-one should attempt to re-enter the building but the fire service. Security incidents could be a number of things. Strangers seen anywhere near the premises should be asked to leave and if they refuse the police to be called. If the stranger is in the building the police must be notified immediately or if there is evidence of an attempted burglary or burglary it should be reported to the police and the setting closed for the day.
When it comes to a missing child a thorough search of the building and surrounding outside area is to be done. If the child is still unaccounted for the head/manager of the setting is to be told and the police phone immediately and parents also made aware.