We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Impact of ICT on Car Production Essay Sample

  • Pages: 5
  • Word count: 1,114
  • Rewriting Possibility: 99% (excellent)
  • Category: car

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Introduction of TOPIC

Traditionally, there would be a group of workers who would assemble cars. Skilled manual workers operated lathes and cutting tools, this would need lots of training and experience. The workers needed the ability to adapt to changes in task specifications. However unskilled and partly-skilled workers had to sort out and assemble these pieces by hand.

Engineers who designed the cars had to work with paper and drawing equipment, producing one or two dimensional diagrams and plans. However these plans often had to be redrawn from scratch if testing had failed. Engineering designers who worked in teams had to work simultaneously on one paper drawing or make amendments on photocopies. To test new products they built scale models or prototypes. These engineers were then required to breakdown designs into parts, estimate raw materials required and write working instructions for production line workers.

Car Production As It Is Now

Now unskilled or semi-skilled operatives oversee machine tools, programmed to automatically cut predetermined patterns and shapes. The job remains the same for the worker regardless of changing tasks carried out by the machine tools. The sorting and assembly of parts is now often carried out by computer controlled robots.

Programmed machine tools and robots produce work of a uniform quality and therefore only random quality testing is carried out. Some FMS systems incorporate their own quality control. These are the dramatic changes that have occurred in the roles of the manual workers.

Production and Assembly

The introduction of computers to the production line has allowed the construction and assembly of parts to become increasingly automated. The punched paper tape used in numerical control has been replaced by computer programs controlling the work of machine tools (CNC), giving a greater accuracy and consistency of production of parts. Skilled human machinists are increasingly being replaced by CNC controlled machines and their unskilled operators.

In addition to machine tools, other areas of the production line are becoming automated. Robots often take the place of humans previously employed for the assembly of parts and construction of the finished product. Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) have been introduced where a computer has control of the entire production line. Machine tools, robots and conveyor belts are linked to the main computer, which not only controls the processes but is able to report the progress of each work piece throughout the system.

Designing And Testing


p style="text-align: justify;">The introduction of computers has also greatly changed the way design

Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users

Choose a Membership Plan
and testing of products is carried out. The conventional methods of drawing designs by hand and building prototypes for testing have been replaced by Computer-assisted Design Technologies (CAD). Engineering designers now work at computer screens, where they can draft and visualize the products they are designing. The two and three dimensional designs produced using CAD, can be quickly and easily modified, if required. CADs ability to simulate eventual performance has greatly decreased the time new products spend in the design and testing stage, which would normally have been expected to consume a major part of the overall manufacturing time. Using CAD has required Engineering Designers to have a computer literacy not previously necessary and has largely dispensed with the use of technical and engineering drawing, by hand, that was previously an essential skill.

Computer-assisted Manufacturing technologies (CAM), an extension of CAD design which determine the quantities of materials needed and instructions required to produce an item, have further changed the engineer’s role. Traditionally, engineers had to interpret their plans into working instructions for use on the production line and estimate quantities of raw material required.

The combinations of CAD/CAM technology relies on the capability of computers to process, store, display and transmit large amounts of data quickly and without degradation of quality or content. The combined technologies, often referred to as Computer-assisted Engineering (CAE), are able to give instructions directly to the FMS systems controlling the productions line, through Local Area Networks (LANs), without the need for human intervention or communication.


There is a widely held belief that the automation of the production line has resulted in both unemployment and a deskilling of the workforce. A research paper by Haskel and Heden, found that demand for unskilled labour in the UK manufacturing industry had considerably decreased as a direct result of computerization and that even skilled labour was gradually being supplanted by machines. Other writers, such as Morton, writing for the “Economist” suggest that jobs are not disappearing, just changing, and that the workforce, in meeting the new needs of manufacturing, will learn new skills to replace the old ones. However, what is not disputed is that jobs, particularly on the production line have changed and that some skills and trades have become redundant.

Dr. Joseph Monroe, in his article “Computers and Work”, suggests that the introduction of computers into manufacturing has greatly disadvantaged and demoralised the production workers, leaving them with boring and repetitive jobs, under constant monitoring and surveillance. He believes that computerisation has allowed management to exert a greater control over the workforce.

Advantages for employees include the undertaking of hazardous work being transferred to robots and some companies teaching their employees new skills to replace the redundant ones.


Many manufacturers argue that computers are an essential element of manufacturing and systems such as FMS are necessary to meet today’s market demands for small batch production and to keep up with fierce competition and the pace of technological change. They suggest that computerisation offers the benefits of a consistent quality of products and a considerable speeding up of the manufacturing process, particularly in design and testing, e.g. Boeing, was able to cut the design and testing stage of their 777 aeroplane by 90% using CAD technology. The speeding up of the design and testing process often results in considerable savings to a company as Lockhead Martin report.

A disadvantage of computerised manufacturing is the huge capital outlay required to implement systems like FMS. The recouping of this capital is often slow and difficult to measure. Indeed several authors, including Paul Strassmann, writing for Computerworld, suggest that the investment in computerised systems is not economically justified by gains in productivity.

We can write a custom essay on

Impact of ICT on Car Production Essay Sample ...
According to Your Specific Requirements.

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Car investigation portfolio

Newton’s law of motion explains that every object will remain motionless, in a straight line until it is forced to change by an external force. Newton said that “for every action, there is an equal and opposite re-action. ” The police use Newtons law to figure out how far a car has been forced to move, when involved in a collision. This also helps to find out if the passengers were wearing their seatbelts. Conservation of momentum is known to be one of the most powerful laws in physics and states that the momentum between object one and object two before the crash, will be the whole momentum after the crash. The police can find out the momentum between the vehicles to reconstruct the crime scene to find out what happened. The conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be made or destroyed it remains constant in any form of...

Investigate Correlation if any, Between the Price...

The previous data shown is the original data of used cars. I have decided to investigate correlation if any, between the price of a used car and it's mileage. I did this because I wanted to know why some used cars cost so much more than others. I intend to take a sample of the data provided, simply because it would be extremely difficult to take all the data and use it. I am going to take a sample of 50 used cars, half of the total amount of data because this should enable me to have enough data to recognise any correlation between the price and mileage with the smallest possible sample for ease. I aim, not only to investigate the correlation of the given data, but also, how this compares with other used car data. This will be done to see whether this data of used cars follows...

Designing a Car Mechanic's Database

When you look at the qualities required of the filing system, it seems that a computer program would be the best choice. For example, data capture sheets would take time to make by hand, whereas on a computer, it would take hardly any time at all. Also, it would be extremely hard to keep everything in order if a manual system was used. If a computer were used, it would be very hard to mix things up without being able to fix it easily. Finally, a manual system would be hard to change once it was some information was entered. Say someone's address or name changed, it would be much easier to change the records if they were stored on a computer. The following data flow diagram shows the garages current manual filing system: So what will I try to do? Well, there are many types of things I could...

Popular Essays


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?