Investigations in to Natural disasters – Earthquakes Essay Sample

Investigations in to Natural disasters – Earthquakes Pages
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The first of the earthquakes in Afghanistan occurred in the evening of Monday 26 March 2002.

This earthquake struck on the Hindu Kush Mountains; these mountains were struck by earthquakes in 1998.

These mountain ranges are particulalary prone to earthquakes as it is located in the middle of the Eurasian and the Indian plates which are smashing into each other each year at a rate of about 4.3 centimetres.

The second quake hit Nahrin Tuesday morning. By then up to 2,000 people had been killed, thousands more injured and up to 30,00 homeless.

The first quake registered 6.2 and the second quake on Tuesday registered 5.7 on the richter scale.

Now, the people of Mahrin and Afghanistan try to put back the pieces of their lives which have been destroyed by these series of earthquakes.

The grounds around Nahrin are now covered in dust and rocks, the people are now immensly de-hydrated as Afghanistan is in the middle of a drought. The people are now going to have to build their city up again, using stronger materials and preparing for the next earthquake.

Also, as Afghanistan is in the middle of a war, most of the Government’s money is being put towards weapons and arsenal and being in a drought means no water for cement for re-building Nahrin..

In the future, the people of Nahrin and Afghanistan should think about putting barriers around thw Hindu Ksh mountains, or maybe taking of huge chunks of the mountains and using the big rocks to built houses, buildings and schools; rebuilding Nahrin and making the Hindu Kush mountains a lot smaller and less dangerous.

INVESTIGATION 2 – THE TANGSHAN EARTHQUAKE

In the early hours of July 28, 1976 , an earthquake of magnitude 8.2 struck near the east coast of China. The areas most effected was near Tangshan, an industrial city with a population of about 1 million people.

The Chinese government estimated between 240,000 and 250,000 people were killed. In the decades since the quake, the death toll is estimated closer to half a million. This would make this the most deadly quake in the twentieth century, and the strongest since the Alaska quake in 1964 which was of magnitude 8.4.

The quake’s destruction was worsened by the fact that it struck in the middle of the night. Almost everyone in the city was asleep, and many people were probably crushed to death without even waking up. The quake knocked out power through the city, making rescue efforts by residents of the city impossible in the dark. A smaller number of people were trapped in nearby coal mines. Many were rescued, but not until hours or days later.

AFGHAN EARTHQUAKE

TANGSHAN EARTHQUAKE

RICHTER SCALE

6.7

8.2

NUMBERS INJURED

Up to 4,000

5,000

NUMBERS DEAD

2,000

250,000

A lot of these earthquakes are occuring in mountainous countries sich as Afghanistan, China and Japan, this is because of the plate tectonics and their movement, and also because the mountains are in between plates so when the plates crash into each other an earthquake occurs and a lot of the mountain crumbles off and injures people.

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