Juvenile Justice Essay Sample

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1. Dispositions (4)
•home on probation
•group home
•country rancher camp
ocongregate institutional treatment-correctional-run by local probation 2. Juvenile Correctional Institutions Key terms
•impression management-no fear in eyes, maintain presence •Social Hierarchy^
•Ward Subculture-
•Custodial Facility-
•Custodial Staff-
•Treatment staff-
•Special Population-
•Parole Board-

3. Components of a Youth Training School
•Living Space
•Security and Safety
•Health Care
•Mental Health Treatment
•Education
•Vocational Training
•Parole

4. Ward Hierarchy
•Shot Callers
•Gang Members
•Gang Affiliates
•Cases/loners/victims
•Punks/snitches

5. Disciplinary Practices
•Isolation
•Mechanical Restraints-shackling
•Loss of Privileges
•Time Extension

6. Realities of Training School Life
•Limited Rehabilitation Resources
•Poor Quality Services
•Custodial Orientation
•High Rates of Violence/Gang Subculture
•Antagonism Between Staff and Youth
•Isolation from youths family and community

7. Future of Training School System
•Downsizing
•Redesign
•Abolition

EFFECTIVE JUVENILE JUSTICE PROGRAMS: What the research Says
•Focus limited resources on the highest risk youths
•Resources applied to low-risk cases will have small effect and is not cost-effective •Programs that take a therapeutic approach to changing behavior by focusing on constructive personal development yield the best results. 1. Goals o an effective Juvenile Justice Intervention

•Rehabilitation-Reintegration-Sustainability
2. Principles of Positive Youth Development
•Strives to enhance individual and community capacities
•Youths exercise meaningful decision making over their programs •Strives to eliminate racial/ethnic, gender, disability, sexual orientation and class barriers to treatment •Emphasis is placed on building ties to community-based organizations 3. PYD through a model Juvenile Justice System of Care

•Community Based Programming
•Coordinated Continuum of Care
•Unconditional Care
•Normalization
•Individualized programming
•Felxibl funding
•Aftercare and follow-up

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