The era of baroque style played a big role in the art world and its development. This style started in Europe in 17th – 18th centuries. Baroque showed its worth in architecture (Gian Lorenzo Bernini), music (Antonio Lucio Vivaldi), painting (Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, Peter Paul Rubens), and literature (Pedro Calderón de la Barca). Until nowadays people admire a heritage of this period of time. A striking instance of a baroque artist is Italian artist Gian Lorenzo Bernini, who was one of the eminent creators of that time. The origin of architecture in baroque style is Rome and this city owes a lot to the supreme artist – Gian Lorenzo Bernini. He started his career from the childhood following his father Pietro Bernini, Florentine sculptor. His first sculptures such as the Abduction of Proserpina, David, Appolo and Daphne (Galleria Borghese, Rome) were already evidence of his exceptional gift: he was trying to make his favourite material, marble, more pliable, by using it as a wax, he created illusion of mobility of plastic forms.
Furthermore, Bernini differed from others artists paying attention for details such as skin, clothes, hair, earth, bark, leaves. He was sculptor of marble (Glover, 2009). He had another approach and made them as alive as it had been never done before. In addition to that, the good proof of an incredible accomplishment is the sculpture Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, Capella Cornado as well. The motion, the movement and the feeling of life in the details shows the unbelievable performance of the artist and his willing to achieve the limit of the ideal. Lorenzo Bernini spent a part of his life working under the patronage of Pope Urban VIII. During that time he brought in St. Peter’s Basilica a big amount of changes which are conspicuous until now. Pope was impressed with Bernini’s facilities that made him the main architect of the church.
The artist furthered the Baldacchino (altar canopy over the high altar of Saint Peter’s) and the Cathedra Petri (Throne of St. Peter) combining architectural and sculptural features. Also the tomb of Urban VIII was the work of his hands where he used various range of materials. However, the biggest achievement in architecture was St. Peter’s Square. Bernini made the Colonnade with 284 columns arranged in triple and 140 statues, which represent saints. Bernini’s intention gave the church new exterior that is more stateliness, spectacular and splendor.