When the time comes to hire a person for a certain job position it is important to consider one’s personality because a certain personality-type can be better fit for a specific job. Personality tests are used to measures one’s personality and this is a useful tool in helping managers decide who would be the best at the job and who they should hire. The most common test that is used to measure a person’s personality is through self-report surveys. Individuals rate and evaluate themselves on a series of different questions. The one draw back to this, however; is that some respondents may lie to make a good impression. Furthermore, two contributing factors of personality are hereditary and environmental factors. However, research has shown that heredity contributes to one’s personality more than the environment. Moreover, when we talk about one’s character we talk about their personality traits. I would describe myself as being outgoing, talkative, spontaneous, loyal, caring and trustworthy. The two types of assessments that one can now take to help identify a person’s personality traits are the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the Big Five Model. In class, we took the Myers- Briggs Type Indicator assessment and my results showed that I am E (Extraverted), N (Intuitive), F (Feeling), J (Judging).
This indicates that I am sociable, sympathetic, approachable, and responsible. Also, that I am loyal and caring and that I like to help people out and find potential in everyone. These results are similar to how I identified myself earlier. This suggests that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator gave me accurate results based on the questions that I answered. The Big Five Personality Model consists of five personality traits that are useful in understanding an individual’s behavior in an organization. The Big Five factors are: (1) Extraversion, (2) Agreeableness, (3) Conscientiousness, (4) Emotional Stability, and (5) Openness to experience. Research has found that the Big Five Traits predict behavior at work and job performance. People who are said to be reliable, careful, organized and hardworking are said to have higher job performance in most if not all occupations.
From this being said, this would indicate that I have a high job performance since these traits describe my personality very well. And since I am an extrovert this indicates that I have better interpersonal skills and greater social dominance. However, one downside of extraversion is that extraverts are more prone to being impulsive. I would have to agree with that statement because I can be impulsive sometimes and make decisions without thinking about it first. Moreover, I would also say that I am very open to people and this will help me in my job later on in the future because this indicates that I am more creative and flexible. One personality trait that I would say that I have is positive core self-evaluation because I see myself as effective, skilled, and in control of my environment.
Research shows that people with positive core self-evaluation perform better at their jobs than others because they set more ambitious goals and they are committed to accomplishing their goals. In addition, I would say that I have a Type-A personality because I am competitive, urgent, motivated and am always on the move. Also, I would say that I have a proactive personality because I like to take the initiative, and I like to be seen as a leader in my group. I also like to voice my opinion, but that depends on the situation. What I mean by that is that when a friend comes to the group for some advice I will be the first one to tell him/her how I feel. However, I need to practice voicing my opinion not just with my friends, but also with other people that I am not so close with. One way that I can start practicing is by voicing my opinion in an in-class discussion. Attitudes:
Every person has a certain way they feel about something, and what we refer to this as attitude. Individuals have thousands of attitudes, but the main job attitudes are organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Job satisfaction refers to how a person feels towards their job. It is important for an employee to have a high level of job satisfaction because if they do not then they will not like their job as much, and therefore not be as involved. That is why when choosing a job you should consider what you like to do and what you are looking for in a job. One of the key things to look for when looking to find a job is to see if the organization has the same values as you. Research shows that employees are more satisfied with their job if they are able to voice their opinion and if they see their supervisors as supportive. Research also shows that “employees with strong perceived organizational support (POS) perceptions are more likely to have higher levels of organizational citizenship behaviors, lower levels of tardiness, and better customer service.” (17)
Two ways to measure job satisfaction are the single global rating method and the summation of job facets. In the first method, respondents circle a number between 1 and 5 on a scale from “highly satisfied” to “highly dissatisfied.” The second method identifies key elements in a job such as the nature of the work, supervision, present pay, promotion opportunities, and relations with co-workers. The two methods are helpful in determining an employee’s job satisfaction. Although, the single global rating method is not as time consuming, whereas the summation of job facets helps mangers to zero in on problems and deal with them faster and more accurately.
Research states that most people are satisfied with their jobs overall, with the work itself, and with their supervisors and co-workers, but that they tend to be less satisfied with their salary and with promotion opportunities. It is said that jobs are more liked and seem more interesting if they provide training, variety, independence, and control. Additionally, interdependence, feedback, social support and interaction with co-workers outside the workplace also help increase job satisfaction. I believe that it is important for a workplace to provide training so that they can help ease the job transition and to help the new employee be more comfortable.
Research also has shown that people who have a positive core self-evaluation are more satisfied with their job because not only do they see their work as challenging, and more fulfilling, but they are more likely to gravitate toward challenging jobs in the first place. As mentioned previously, I consider myself as having a positive core self-evaluation, and I am the type of person who likes to challenge myself, and set goals for me to accomplish. Those who have a negative core self-evaluation are less likely to set ambitious goals and are more likely to give up when they face a hard task.
A person’s attitude towards their workplace will really have an impact on how well they will perform at work. This is why it is important for me to find a job that offers the same values I believe in so that I can work with people who come from different backgrounds, but yet, still share one thing in common and that is our similar beliefs. I want to work in an environment where people will work at a desk, but are still able to interact with all sorts of different people. I want to be an HR manager so my job will deal with interacting with people and sitting at a desk with a computer in front of me. I will be reviewing people’s resumes and cover letters, and asking them a series a questions to see if they are qualified for the job. I feel like I will really like this position since I love communicating with people and I do not mind learning things about a person. This is one way I know that I will stay committed to my job because I like to interact with people and I will also get to know these people on a personal level. I want people to look up to me so I will be there for them when they need me. Work Teams:
When it comes to a job you will be working with a team and it is important to understand the different types of teams that there is. “Teams can make products, provide services, negotiate deals, coordinate projects, offer advice, and make decisions” (123). There are four most common types of teams and they are: (1) problem-solving teams, (2) self-managed work teams, (3) cross-functional teams, and (4) virtual teams. In a problem-solving team, members work together and share ideas on how things can be improved and what steps they will take to fix what needs to be done. Self-managed teams are typically a group of employees (typically 10 to 15 in number) who perform many of the same duties as their former supervisors.
I feel as a human resource manager I will be taking over a lot of my supervisor’s tasks. I will be doing the planning, scheduling work, assigning tasks to members, and making operating decisions. Also, I will be the one who will have to take action when a problem arises. Another common work team is the cross-functional team. This team is made up of employees from diverse areas within or even between organizations that exchange information, work on developing new ideas, and work on how to solve problems, and coordinate complex projects. Virtual teams, on the other hand, use computer technology to communicate with people from a room away or continents apart. However, this team faces some special challenges so “they may suffer because there is less social rapport and direct interaction among members” (125).
When it comes to being on a team it is important for the team to consider who will do what and who will be the leader. The team needs to be organized to function. It is also especially important for a multi-team system to have leadership because they work together with different teams to come up with a desirable outcome. It is also important for a team to trust one another because then it is more likely for the members of the team to want to take a risk and try something new if they believe in one another.
It is also important for a team to have three different types of skills. First, it needs someone who has technical expertise. Second, it needs someone who has the problem-solving and decision-making skills to help identify and solve problems. Lastly, a team needs to have someone who has good listening skills, and that is able to provide good feedback, and other interpersonal skills. I feel that I have good listening skills and that I will be able to provide good feedback to my group members. However, I want to work more on my problem-solving and decision-making skills so that when I become an HR manager I will be able to point out the issues that need to be fixed or worked on. What I will do to get better at identifying problems is that when I will start my internship this March at College Works Painting, I will point out any issues that I see to my manager. Communication:
We need communication to exist. The communication process consists of eight key parts: (1) the sender, (2) encoding, (3) the message, (4) the channel, (5) decoding, (6) the receiver, (7) noise, and (8) feedback. These are the eight processes we go through when we communicate with someone. Furthermore, there are three directions that communication can flow. It can flow downward, upward, and lateral. Since I want to be an HR manager I feel that I will be dealing with both downward and upward communication. I will be dealing with downward communication most of the time because I will be communicating with employees, assigning them goals, providing job instructions, and I will be explaining policies and procedures to them. I will also point out problems that need to be fixed, and offer them feedback on how well they are doing on their job. I will also be dealing with upward communication because I will be providing feedback to the CEO, vice-president or president and informing them of the progress we have made towards achieving our goals. There are three different forms of communication that we use. They are oral, written, and nonverbal communication.
I for sure will be using all three forms. Being an HR manager, I will be interviewing people and sometimes I will have to talk to a group of people so I will be using oral communication. I will be using written communication when I will have to send an email out to the people who did not get the job. And when I will be conducting the interviews I will be paying attention to the person’s nonverbal communication. I will be looking at how they are sitting, their facial expressions, and body movements. Also, I will be looking at how they talk. One thing that I need to get better at doing is oral communication because sometimes when I have to speak in front a large group of people I get nervous. Another thing that I need to work on is that when I talk to a person I need to pay closer attention to their nonverbal communication. I have started preparing by taking a speech class in high school, and at Harper College. Moreover, most if not all work places use electronic communication these days. We send out emails, instant messages, and text messages and have video conferencing. Technology has developed so much in the past few years that we can now stay connected with people who are in different locations then u