R.L. Chambers has pointed out “in Mrs. Dalloway the action of the book is limited temporary to a single day in the life of the chief characters, spatially to a single place, London, and emotionally to the relations of Mrs. Dalloway with few other people.” but the action is presented through the stream of consciousness of the major characters.
In this novel characters are presented through stream of consciousness. The flow of consciousness waves backward and forward in time. And at crucial moment they had molded their personality. this interior monologue means thinking him/herself. for example love song of perforce by Eliot. Here prufrock presented as modern man. That modern man always thinking but can not make it action. They just thinking and confused of what they want .same as mrs Dalloway. Her she is thinking of her past
Septimus suffers from a nervous breakdown, abnormal self-conscious and on the edge of insanity. To the novelists of the new school human consciousness is a chaotic weather of sensations and impressions; it is fleeting, trivial and evanescent. And according to Virginia Woolf, the great task of the novelist should be “to convey this varying, this unknown and uncircumcised spirit”. His main business is to reveal the sensations and impressions to bring us close to the quick of the mind. He should be more concerned with inner reality rather than other. This is what is known as “the stream-of -consciousness-technique”. And we are introduced into interior life of a character by means of interior monologue.
There is very little intervention in the way of explanation or commentary on the part of the novelist. And this has been done by Virginia Woolf by a very skillful use of ” the interior monologue” or ” the stream-of-consciousness” technique. She has very successfully revealed the very spring of action, the hidden movies which impel men and women to act in a particular way. She has been able to take us directly into minds of her characters and show the chaotic flow of ideas, sensations and impressions there. And thus Mrs. Woolf has been able to create a number of memorable, many- sided and rounded figures, such as Mrs. Ramsay or Mrs. Dalloway, which are among the immortals of literature.