We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Nostalgia by Carol Anne Duffy Essay Sample

The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC
  • Pages:
  • Word count: 769
  • Category: disease

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals.

Get Access

Nostalgia by Carol Anne Duffy Essay Sample

Swiss Mercenaries came down from the mountains to fight on behalf of European rulers in Distant Lands. Many of these mercenaries suffered from nostalgia. * Nostalgia was believed to be a medical disease.

* Symptoms included anorexia, bouts of weeping and even suicide attempts. * For years, people believed only the Swiss were prone to it. * In 1688, Hofer suggested it was “a cerebral disease of essentially demonic cause” * In 1732, Scheuchzer said it was due to “a sharp differential in atmospheric pressure causing excessive body pressurization, which in turn drove blood from the heart to the brain, thereby producing the observed affliction of sentiment” * Military physicians believed it was caused by the constant sound of cowbells which damaged brain cells and the eardrum.

* The first two stanzas are nine lines each, and the last one is ten. This shows their life has changed, in the last stanza, the mercenaries are trying to grasp hold of the past, and although they are close with their memories, they cannot make it the same. * Enjambment is used to confuse the meaning of certain lines in the poem (e.g. second stanza, line four). Enjambment also shows how the mercenaries constantly think about their past. * Caesura breaks up the lines, which shows the mercenaries are being cut off from their homes. * Long sentences show life seems to go on and on without any excitement or difference. Language:

* The memories are described very vividly, and although they are contrasting, they are all said in one sentence. “in the dwindling light of the plains, a particular place – where maybe you met a girl, or searched for a yellow ball in the long grass, found it just as your mother called you in” * The memories are not concrete, but they have very concrete adjectives to go with them, this shows how clearly they see it. * Meeting a girl is normally one of the key memories someone would have, but it is skimmed over very quickly. Contrasting this, two lines are spent describing searching for a ball in the yellow grass when the man was a boy. This shows the mercenaries want to be home, and have lost a sense of what parts of home are truly important. They just want part of their old life back. “a sweet pain in the heart”

* the mercenaries are being hurt (both literally and metaphorically) by their experiences, but are being paid, which means the pain has a good side – it is sweet pain * It hurts the men to think about the past but it the memories that keep them going, the memories themselves are sweet but it hurts the mercenaries to think of them. Imagery:

“The sad pipes”
* Personification makes the pipes reflect the sombre mood of the mercenaries, the pipes that are playing could be sad as the villagers on the mountains wait for the mercenaries to come home, the mercenaries would also feel sad as they remembered the pipes of home. * a transferred epithet is used, the pipes are described as sad, when it is actually the person imaging the pipes that is sad “leaving the high, fine air/to go down, down.”

* We get a concrete representation of the spirits of the mercenaries dropping as they descend the mountain. Repetition, Rhythm and Rhyme:
* Repetition of “down” and “wrong” in the first stanza shows us straight away that things are changing for the worse. Due to the repetition of “wrong” so many times, we can infer that it is not only the things listed that are wrong, but everything about the move from the mountains. * In the second stanza, the repetition of the “h” sounds like sighing, which backs up the stanza, as it is looking back at the past. * Repetition of the word “same” in the last stanza shows that when “everything changed”, nothing had actually changed apart from the mercenary himself. * Internal rhyme of “hear” and “air” links to the “music of home” that is mentioned in the next line * Comma’s divide sentences into chunks of similar lengths, providing a rhythm that sounds like the marching of soldiers. Tone:

* The tone in stanza one is one of cascading sorrow, sentiment, and nostalgia. It starts the poem with a lot of pathos. * The tone of stanza two is one of resignation, where the mercenaries are aware that their life is made worthwhile by reminiscing. * The tone of stanza three is one of disappointment and nihilism.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Should Organ Donation After Death Be Automatic...

Organ donation seems to be the only hope for many desperate patients with major diseases. A donor may help several people enjoy a healthy life because there are different organs in his body. Also because of the success in transplantation surgeries, organ donation changed to be a solution for those patients. For this reason, many people around the world demand that organ donation should be...

Tooth and gum disease

Our morning ritual is waking up in the morning, walking into the bathroom, grabbing our toothbrush, and squeezing toothpaste on the bristles. It is mind blowing we use products every single day without wondering or thinking about the originality of it. Has anyone ever wondered where toothpaste came from? Who thought of it? What exactly is in it? Why is it necessary for us to...

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a global disease, one of the 9 unsparing, more common childhood forms of muscular dystrophy, affecting every 1 out of every 3,500 boys ("Muscular Dystrophy"). It is caused by the absence of a gene in the body, preventing the body from manufacturing a specific protein in the body by the name of Dystrophin, which keeps muscle cells intact, and maintains...

The Application of DNA Technology in the...

This essay is going to look at genetic engineering and genetic screening. The first section will focus on what each of these things are and how they are used in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The second section will concentrate on the use of both the nuchal translucency scan and the Guthrie test. The third section will talk about the application of genetic engineering...

Genetic Diseases

John Dalton "discovered" color blindness after he was looking at a Pelargonium zonale(a kind of flower). Dalton saw the flower as blue, whereas it is in actuality, pink. Dalton noted this fact in 1792. A gentleman by the name of John Dalton who was color blind himself wrote a study in 1794. "Extraordinary facts relating to the vision of colours", after the realization of his...

Get Access To The Full Essay
Materials Daily
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
Free Plagiarism
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Can't find What you were Looking for?

Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base

The next update will be in:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member