The novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee is a view of life in the Deep South of America in the 1930s. A childish but humorous stance in the story is through the eyes of Scout and Jem Finch. Scout is a young child who is growing up with the controversy that surrounds her father’s lawsuit. Her father, Atticus Finch is a lawyer who is defending a black man, Tom Robinson, with the charge of raping a white girl. The lives of the characters are changed by racism and this is the theme that develops during the course of the narrative. As previously said, the point of view in this story is from Scout. Her childhood has been respectful to the African-Americans in her neighborhood and she shows this with her relationship with her maid, Calpurnia. Other children her age have kept their parents’ racially prejudice views, causing her many problems. Atticus’s lawsuit seems to separate his children, and Scout is taunted with remarks at school. Her only response is violence and Atticus does not tolerate this behavior either: “My fists were clenched I was ready to make fly. Cecil Jacobs had announced the day before that Scout Finch’s daddy defended niggers.”
Atticus’s battle for justice causes more problems for Scout. She is always defending him but the racist remarks do not stop. These remarks show how cruel children can be to other children. She feels the need to defend her father to Francis, her cousin. He was also taunting her: “At a safe distance her called, `He’s nothin’ but a nigger-lover’.” Racism has disrupted their lives, especially Scouts, through the old fashioned and discriminative opinions of the younger residents of Maycomb. My attitude to racism has changed in the course of the story. Mr. Dolphus Raymond continues to change my feelings while he talks to Scout and Dill during the court case. He is a sinful man according to the community because he is the father of mixed children. To excuse this offense he pretended to be a drunk: “Secretly, Miss Finch, I’m not much of a drinker, but you see they could never, never understand that I live like I do because that is the way I want to live.” He tells the children his secret, as they already know that racism is wrong and will not be people who will be stuck with old-fashioned opinions. They will be the persons who are having new opinions, which include equality.
The Finch’s’ are an example of a good folk while the trend of their society is much like the Ewell’s view. In Atticus’s opinion, the courtroom is the only place that is truly fair. The court ruling does not go Atticus’s way. The court will still not convict a white man over a black man. Jem does not understand why, because he is not racially prejudice. Atticus tells Jem he knows the jury is still racist: “If you had been on the jury, son, and eleven other boys like you, Tom would be a free man.” Racism has disrupted and changed the lives of the characters in “To kill a Mockingbird”. The main characters, the Finches, are victimized because Atticus is defending a black man in court. My attitude to racism changes as prejudice is only disturbing Scout at the beginning of this story. Racism is, at first, bullying on a regular level. My attitude begins to change as the force of racism is now affecting the citizens in Maycomb. Racism is life changing and causes some people to become singled out. Like Mr. Dolphus Raymond’s case. Racism is back bone of this story and at this time justice cannot overcome this discrimination.