Organic foods are foods that are produced without using modern synthetic inputs such as synthetic pesticides and chemical fertilizers. (Wikipedia, 2011, para. 1). Some people think organic foods are healthier than the traditional foods, some people oppose this opinion. The most important difference between organic foods and traditional foods is the farming method. The different farming methods have the different levels impacts on the environment. Traditional Foods Farming V.S. Organic Foods Farming
Traditional foods are produced with traditional gardening, the production based on hybridizing. Before we use chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and pesticides, the farmers used to use the animal manure to give nutrition to the seeds. The seeds absorb the nutrition from the land and the animal manure to grow up. The traditional agricultural system can classify into “Mixed Subsistence Farming”, the livestock and crops combined into one ecosystem (Biology, 1998, para.1). Organic farming method restricts to use natural pesticides and fertilizers. The organic farming focus on keeping good soil structure and fertility, and the farmers need recycle and compost crop wastes, animal manures, crop rotation, and green manures.(Infonet, n.d., para. 2). The Environmental impact of Traditional Farming
Traditional farming has a vast impact on the earth. Fertilizers and pesticides are major causes of water pollution. The crops can absorb fewer fertilizers, the rest fertilizers will go to the rivers, or the lakes, which will lead to harm the aquatic plants and animals. The pesticides can reduce the biodiversity by destroying weeds and insects. The insecticides and herbicides can pollute fresh water with carcinogens and other poison s that will affect humans and wildlife (World agriculture, 2011, para. 8). The Environmental impact of Organic Farming
Organic farming has some advantages to the environment. The organic farming can maintain the life of the soil, and it is good for the current and future generations. In organic farming, the farmers use the organic fertilizers, such as the compost, and animal manure, which can help reduce the risk of groundwater pollution. Organic agriculture has the ability to sequester carbon in the soil, which contributes to mitigating the greenhouse effect and global warming (Organic agriculture, 2011, para. 4). Organic farming method can increase the return of carbon to the soil, raising productivity and favoring carbon storage. The soil retained more organic carbon, the more the mitigation potential of agriculture against climate change is higher (Organic agriculture, 2011, para. 4). There are some pros of organic farming. The organically produced food is expensive. The cost is very often 50-100 percent more than the traditional food (Satalkar, 2011, para.6). The organic farming is low productivity. Organic food is not always available, it will affect by the season. Conclusion
Agricultural plays a major role in polluting the environment. From the analysis of the environmental effects of the organic farming and the traditional farming, we can conclude that organic farming is better than traditional farming. Organic farming is good for sustainable development. Protecting environment is our duties, and we need pay more attention to protect our environment.
Biology. (1998). Traditional agricultural. Retrieved from http://dp.biology.dal.ca/reports/kazimirstt.html Infonet-biovision.(n.d.). What is organic farming? Retrieved from http://www.infonet-biovision.org/res/res/files/488.OrgFarm.pdf Satalkar, B. (2011). Pros and cons of organic farming. Retrieved from http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pros-and-cons-of-organic-farming.html Wikipedia. (2011). Organic food. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organic_food World Agricultural. (2011). Organic agricultural. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/organicag/oa-faq/oa-faq6/en/