We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

The understanding of the meaning and symbols of the painting Guernica by Pablo Picasso Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

The understanding of the meaning and symbols of the painting Guernica by Pablo Picasso Essay Sample

At a glance, if someone knows nothing about the painting Guernica by Pablo Picasso, it might look insane, unintelligible, and meaningless. However, the picture hides a broad meaning and history behind itself. Therefore, whether someone is interested in art or not, the analysis of the painting Guernica by Pablo Picasso might affect him or her deep inside.

An architect expresses his or her feelings by designing a building, a writer by writing the novel, and a composer by composing music. One of the most important artists of the twenty-first century is Pablo Picasso. He expressed his attitude, pain and deep sorrow regarding the war by
painting the picture Guernica. One might ask, what in fact is Guernica and how it is connected to Picasso. At the end of the 1930s, a civil war broke out between the Nationalists and Republicans in Spain. It had a great impact on the civilian life: the population was divided, and people who supported either side were oppressed, tortured, and even murdered for their political beliefs. Guernica is a town in the Basque Country, northern Spain.

In April 1937, the town Guernica was bombed by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italian warplanes at the request of the Spanish Nationalists. Therefore, afterward, the weak Spanish Republican government authorize Pablo Picasso to create a special work for the Paris World Fair.

Pablo Picasso managed to illustrate his feelings so remarkably because they were in line with those of the authorities, the Republican Government. The painting`s power begins from its great size: it is approximately 3,49 meters tall, and 7,76 meters wide. Picasso used some symbolic images as well as a cubism style to create the painting. There has been a lot of debates for the last sixty years according to the symbolism of the picture. However, one message is quite clear: Picasso`s attitude towards the war and the reflection of his thoughts and feelings in the painting.

When one looks at the painting, he or she might notice that it seems chaotic, and it is not easy to analyze it. A person might notice a woman on the far left, screaming in pain holding the body of her dead child. There are head and a body of the large bull on her right. It is the only uninjured and calm figure among the chaos and the death that one might see at the painting. There is a dead and wounded man beneath the woman: his one hand is cut off, and his blighted hand holds a broken sword.

Nonetheless, only his arms and head are visible – the other parts of the body are hidden by overlapping and disconnected parts of other figures. There are also three more women in the painting. One rushes somewhere; another one bends out of the window of the burning house. The third woman seems trapped in the burning building, screaming in horror and fear. All of the faces are misshaped in agony. Their mouths are open, eyes are strained, and their tongues have a shape like daggers.

Picasso decided to paint Guernica in a sharp monochromatic palette of gray, black, and white colors. On first glance, Guernica seems to be confusing and chaotic. However, probably it is the way Picasso wanted to throw the viewers into the midst of the rapidly brutal action. Everything is in flux. Images overlay and intersect, obscuring forms which makes it harder to distinguish their boundaries; however, in fact, there is a main visual order. Picasso organized the figures into three vertical groupings that move from left to right, while the center figures are constant within a big triangle of light.

There were a lot of debates about the meaning of the images in the Guernica painting. When Picasso was questioned about the symbolism of the picture, he just answered that it was an appeal to people about the murdered people and animals. Picasso said that “In the panel on which I am working, which I call Guernica, I clearly express my abhorrence of the military caste which has sunk Spain into an ocean of pain and death.” Picasso used the images of the horse and bull during his entire career as a part of the life and death ritual of the Spanish bullfights. Some people suppose that the horse and bull represent the battle between the Republican fighters and Franco`s fascist army. Nonetheless, the painter did not want to define the symbols. Picasso believed that the viewers had to interpret the symbols the way they understood them.

Finally, the painting does not have one exact meaning. Therefore, everyone might interpret the meaning and the symbols in their way. However, probably the ambiguity of the Guernica painting, the lack of its historical specificity, and the fact that, unfortunately, cruel wars continue to exist around the world, makes Guernica everlasting and relatable today as it was eighty years ago. The painting used to be located in New York City, and then at the Museo del Prado in Madrid.

Presently, it is located at the Museo Reina Sofia in Madrid, Spain. Nonetheless, Basques want to move the painting to the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao considering the fact that the picture is closely related to the history of Basque.
Such masterpiece deserves your attention. We highly recommend you to plunge into the deep context of this picture. Be sure to Gin new emotions and realize some hidden facts of life.

References

Read next:

Pearl project: The inspiration of the picture description
History of Andy Warhol’s life you might not know
American Gothic by Grant Wood

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

The Pit and the Pendulum 1961 review

The Pit and the Pendulum movie based on Poe’s classic tale has been adapted for screen 3 times over the course of 50 years. This is how it goes, envision being condemned to an unbearable demise with no knowledge into when or how it will occur. In Edgar Allan Poe's 'The Pit and the Pendulum', the anonymous storyteller ends up in a startling circumstance after...

What is homeostasis?

The definition of homeostasis tells that the propensity to keep up a stable, moderately steady inside condition is called homeostasis. The body keeps up homeostasis for some variables notwithstanding temperature. For example, the convergence of different particles in your blood must be kept unfaltering, alongside pH and the centralization of glucose. On the off chance that these qualities get too high or low, you can...

1924 States Plan History

The Dawes Plan 1924 was point by point to expel Weimar Germany from hyperinflation and to reestablish Weimar's economy to some kind of relentlessness. The Dawes Plan definition tells it got its name as the man who headed the leading group of trustees was an American called Charles Dawes. The Treaty of Versailles had constrained enormous reparation portions on Weimar Germany to pay for the...

Summary of the Lives of Others

He sits like a man stepping through a hearing exam, huge earphones clasped over his ears, his body and face solidified, tuning in for a faraway sound. His name is Gerd Wiesler, and he is a chief in the Stasi, the infamous mystery police of East Germany. The year is, fittingly, 1984, and he is Big Brother, viewing. He sits in an upper room for...

Maccabian Janissaries – Explanation

The Maccabian Janissaries are the veiled, devout battling power of the Holy place of worship universe of Maccabeus Quintus. Energetic in confidence and over the top in war, the Janissaries are the first class handpicked patrols of the planet who try to spread the royal truth to all sides of the universe. Along these lines, many see that turning into a Janissary is the best...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access
immediately?

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Couldn't Find What You Looking For?

Get access to our huge knowledge base which is continuously updated

Next Update Will Be About:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member