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Panchayti Raj Essay Sample

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Panchayti Raj Essay Sample

Local body grants, as recommended by the Central Finance Commission Funds for implementation of centrally sponsored schemes
Funds released by the state governments on the recommendations of the State Finance Commissions Currently, the Panchayati Raj system exists in all the states except Nagaland, Meghalaya and Mizoram, and in all Union Territories except Delhi.[3] The 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj consists:

Village-level Panchayats
Block-level Panchayats
District-level Panchayats.
The common departments in the Samiti are as follows:
General administration
Finance
Public work
Agriculture
Health
Education
Social welfare
Information technology, and others.
There is an officer for every department. A government appointed Block Development Officer (BDO) is the executive officer to the Samiti and the chief of its administration. Functions
Implementation schemes for the development of agriculture.
Establishment of primary health centres and primary schools. Supply of drinking water, drainage, and construction/repair of roads. Development of cottage and small-scale industries, and the opening of cooperative societies. Establishment of youth organisations.

Sources of income [edit]
The main source of income of the panchayat samiti are grants-in-aid and loans from the State Government. District level panchayat [edit]

The governing system at district level in Panchayat Raj is also popularly known as “Zila Parishad”. Chief of administration is an officer from IAS cadre. Functions:
Provide essential services and facilities to the rural population Supply improved seeds to farmers. Inform them of new farming techniques Set up and run schools and libraries in the rural areas

Start Primary Health Centers and hospitals in villages. Start vaccination drives against epidemics Execute plans for the development of the scheduled castes and tribes. Run ashramshalas for adivasi children. Set up free hostels for them Encourage entrepreneurs to start small-scale industries and implement rural employment schemes Construct bridges, roads & other public facilities and their maintenance Provide employment

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