OBJECTIVE OF RESEARCH
Passive smoking harms the environment and causes many diseases and affecting the health of smokers in general. Quitting smoking has immediate as well as long-term benefits. The objective of this research is to study the effect of passive smoking on the environment for the next 10 years.
SCOPE OF THE RESEARCH
The scope comprises all strata of the population, rural and urban, educated and uneducated, rich and poor. All type of people of the society are equally affected by the pollution due to smoking and the research tries to extend its scope towards all aspects of the society including individuals, families, and locations.
Probability of finding right sample is low. Information may not be sufficient or they may be ncomplete.. Secondary data are mostly historical and their relevance is doubtful.
DataType-Primary and Secondary.
Data Source- Individuals, Retailers, Company Reports, Statistical Survey Reports, Reasons for Data Type and Source –Analysis of data for inference towards different effects of passive smoking.
ANALYTICAL METHODS TO BE USED AND PROBLEMS THAT MIGHT BE FACED Analytical method to be used-Hypothesis Testing
PROBLEMS FACED IN HYPOTHESIS
TESTING – Dependent on concentrations tested.
– Statistical power is influenced by variability.
There are approximately 120 million smokers in India. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), India is home to 12% of the world’s smokers. According to a 2002 WHO estimate, 30% of adult males in India smoke. Among adult females, the figure is much lower at between 3-5%. The chemicals found in secondhand smoke are the same as those inhaled by the active smoker. However, because their combustion is incomplete, the concentration is 100 times higher. Second-hand smoke contains six times more nicotine, three times more tar and 73 times more ammonia than smoke inhaled by the smoker. Among other things, second-hand smoke contains:
* carbon monoxide, an asphyxiating gas that reduces tissue oxygenation * formaldehyde, a carcinogenic, irritant gas used as a disinfectant * benzene, a highly toxic and irritant flammable liquid
* nicotine, a substance producing an addictive effect and also used in the manufacturing of insecticides * ammonia, a compound used in the manufacturing of explosives, fertilizers and paint solvents * arsenic, an agent producing a highly carcinogenic effect on the skin and lungs
Two-thirds of the smoke produced by tobacco spreads into the ambient air. Anyone within close range of an active smoker cannot help but breathe in this tobacco smoke, and therefore becomes a passive smoker. According to one study conducted among passive smokers, a mere 30 minutes of exposure in a smoke-saturated room increases the level of carbon monoxide in their blood, not to mention their blood pressure and pulse. This research will strive to find out the the effcts of smoking in the environment for the next 10 years.