Patterns of Food and Drink Choices Across the USA Essay Sample

Patterns of Food and Drink Choices Across the USA Pages
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* People in country with more developed economy are likely to have income, time, & inclination to facilitate greater adoption of pop. culture

A. Alcohol and fresh produce

1. Consumption of large quantities of alcoholic beverages & snack foods are characteristic of food customs of popular societies

2. Amount of alcohol, snacks consumed, & preferences for types vary by region within MDCs

3. Americans- choose beverage/snacks usually by what is produced, grown, or imported locally

a. Alcohol

1. Bourbon -upper South (most of it is produced)

2. Rum- East Coast (arrives from Caribbean)

3. Canadian Whiskey- communities close to Canada

b. Snacks

1. Pork Rinds- South (more hogs raised)

2. Popcorn & Potato Chips- Northerners (grows corn & potatoes)

4. Cultural backgrounds affect amount & types of alcohol &snack foods consumed

a. Alcohol consumption- relates to religious backgrounds & income/advertising

1. Baptists & Mormons drink less than other religions

2. Baptists concentrated around SE & Mormons in Utah- relatively low consumption rates

3. Nevada has high rate- heavy concentration of gambling and other resort activities

b. Snacks

1. Texans- tortilla chips- large # of Hispanic Americans

2. Westerners- multigrain chips- greater concern for nutritional content

5. Geographers can’t explain all regional variations in food preferences

6. Consumption of alcohol &snack foods dependent on high income and national advertising

7. Variations within U.S. much less significant than differences between the U.S. & LDCs in Africa & Asia

B. Wine production

1. Spatial distribution demonstrates the environment plays a role in the distribution of popular as well as folk food customs

2. Wines’ characteristics- unique combination of climate, soil, and other physical characteristics at the place where the grapes are grown

3. Vineyards

a. best in temperate climates of moderately cold, rainy winters & fairly long, hot summers

b. planted on hillsides if possible- maximize exposure to sunlight & to help drainage

c. near lake or river- water can control extremes of temperature

d. best soil- coarse & well drained (not good for other crops)

4. World’s finest wines most frequently identified by place of origin

a. May be labeled w/ region, town, district, or specific estate

b. Wine expert can determine precise origin of a wine just by tasting- unique taste imparted to the grapes by specific soil composition of each estate

5. Wine distribution based principally on cultural values, both historical & temporary

a. Present- wine made in locations that have a tradition of excellence in making it & people who like to drink it & can afford to purchase it

b. Social custom of wine production in much of France & Italy- back to at least the Roman Empire

c. Wine consumption decline after the Fall of Rome (many vineyards destroyed)

d. Monasteries preserved wine-making tradition

6. Vineyards typically owned by private individuals & corporations rather than religious organizations

7. Wine production discouraged in regions dominated by religions other than Christianity

a. Hindus & Muslims- avoid alcohol: limited production in Middle East (other than Israel) & southern Asia

*Distribution of wine production shows that the diffusion of popular customs depends less on the distinctive environment of a location than on the presence of beliefs, institutions, and material traits conductive to accepting those customs

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