Education, as it is, is a continuous process of learning. In this sense man, himself, in search of this has turned to education for several years to improve not just his knowledge and understanding but also to develop skills for his benefits and also his fellow men likewise to what the previous ancestors has done it.
During the pre-colonial period, the Philippine ancestors implemented their ways of educating the youth such as administering and instructing the children of their functions and traditional academics by the use of their oral tradition which was passed on from one generation to another until such time that the Philippines was colonized by foreign countries. These countries include the Spanish and Americans, wherein they also contributed in the improvements of the traditional education system, making it more organized and systematized. They established schools in different parts of the island, trained the qualified teachers and established the education sector known as the Department of Education. Through this sector different curriculums and educational programs were implemented which has focused on different aspects such as skills training, knowledge and values that enable learners to become caring, productive and patriotic citizens.1 (Wikipedia)
But unfortunately it was such a hardship to produce the needed qualified students on the past years. These made the educational systems underwhelm in addition to the continuous declination of student performance which remained less than it should be. This turned out to be a problem where some have already been calling for the kind of reform that would finally see the country’s education system out of crisis. On this sense, as of the school year 2011-2012, the Department Of Education has implemented another educational system known as the K+12 program which includes a new curriculum for all schools through-out the country. This is the plan of the Department Of Education to restructure the country’s basic education system to manage the recent malfunctioning educational system. It aims to further improve the quality of education in the Philippines and allow the students to be more globally competitive by adding two more years to the ten years of basic education that the students spend on school. The implementation of this said program has aroused different arguments and criticism –both with and against it.
In connection with this, this research work will be conducted in the residential area of Tuburan, Ligao City in order to determine the perception of selected housewives towards the implementation of K+12 program.
SETTING OF THE STUDY
Ligao City is sitting strategically in the center of the 3rd district of the Province of Albay, in the Philippines. It is a 4th class component city of the province with a land area of approximately 24,640 hectares, making it the 2nd largest city in the province in terms of land area. It consists of 55 barangays spread into upland (rural), urban, lowland and coastal (rural) barangays. 2 One of its urban barangay is Tuburan. Tuburan has a total land area of 221.76 has. It is bounded on the north by Brgy. Calzada; while in the south by Brgy. Paulong; and its eastern bounder is Brgy. Bonga; and lastly its western border is Brgy. Layon. The name Tuburan was derived the name of “tubo”, the local term for sugar cane because the place was formerly planted with sugar cane. As of 2007 census, their populations have reached a total of 4,385. The people’s major source of income is farming. A multi-purpose barangay center was recently constructed in the place.
Various educational institutions are located in the barangay these include: Tuburan Elementary School, Ligao SDA Multi-grade School; Mayon Institute of Science and Technology High School and Bicol Regional Science High School. There are also two Day Care Centers established in the place.3
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study will be conducted to determine the perception of selected housewives towards the implementation of K+12 program in Tuburan, Ligao City.
Specifically, it seeks answers to the following sub-problems. 1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of: a Age
b No. of children
c Educational attainment
2. What are the perceptions of selected housewives towards the implementation of K+12 program in Tuburan, Ligao City? 3. What are the factors affecting the perception of selected housewives towards the implementation of K+12 program in Tuburan, Ligao City? 4. What are the levels of perception of selected housewives towards the implementation of K+12 program in Tuburan, Ligao City?
ASSUMPTION OF THE STUDY
This research study has the following assumption:
1 That the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of age, no. of children and educational attainment varies. 2 That the selected housewives have their perception towards the implementation of K+12 program in Tuburan, Ligao City. 3 That there are factors affecting the perception of selected housewives towards the implementation of K+12 program in Tuburan, Ligao City. 4 That there are varying levels of perception of selected housewives towards the implementation of K+12 program in Tuburan, Ligao City.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is important to the following:
Department of Education (DepEd) – this study would improve and create more programs that would further improve the quality of education and cater to its needs. Schools- this study would aid the personnel or the teachers to become aware and conscious of the implementation of the K+12 program. Students- the study would inform and benefit them on issues related to the implementation of K+12 program. Community- as the study would inform and allow them to be aware and conscious of the implementation of the K+12 program. Housewives-as they would be given a chance to express their perception towards the implementation of K+12 program. Researchers- this could be used as a reference material
Future researchers- this research study would serve as basis to the future researchers.
SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This research study focuses on The Perception of the Selected Housewives towards the Implementation of K+12 Program in Tuburan, Ligao City. It determines the demographic profile of the selected housewives, their perception towards the implementation of K+12 program, factors affecting their perception and their level of perception towards the said K+12 program.
The respondents of the study are the selected housewives of Tuburan, Ligao City. Respondents from other barangays are excluded from the study. Likewise, the function, and obligations of DepEd not connected with the implementation of the K+12 program are not discussed in the study.