Personality is derived from of many different theories and genres. Personality typically can be reference to as many diverse arrays of thoughts, feelings and behaviors that sets each individual apart in a unique way. Theorist has concluded that an individual external influence can inspire how certain traits are articulated and originated through personality theories. As each person grows older researchers have stated that a human being personality tends to remain consistently the same throughout existence. Personality theories were generally formulated from personality psychology. Numerous psychologists have theorized several understandings of a human beings character from a humanistic and psychodynamic perspective.
Sigmund Freud, an Austrian psychiatrist, developed the psychodynamic theory which is derived from psychoanalysis. This theory is based on several key factors of personality. Freud used this technique in his study of mental disorders while observing his patients. According to Stedman’s Medical Dictionary, psychodynamic is the theory and systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, especially the dynamic relations between conscious motivation and unconscious motivation. His beliefs were that most mental processes are usually unconscious. Moreover, he proposed that many individuals have three levels of cognizance, which are conscious, unconscious and pre conscious. A person conscious awareness comprehends all the information that an individual is paying attention to any given moment.
The unconscious mindset encloses a person belief, feelings, wants, memories of which people have no awareness but is influence by different aspect of their day to day lives. However, pre conscious awareness holds information outside an individual focus but is available when necessary. Freud believed that a blunder of the tongue, jokes, imaginings and reaction to illness all are unconsciously emerged from an individual. More so, Freud also proposed that personality is a make-up of three different components which are the id, ego and super ego. He also believed that each of these components of personality will always oppose to one another. The id is held accountable for all desires and urges, while the superego accounts for principles and ethics of personality. The ego typically modulates between the demands of the id, the superego, and realism.
However, referencing to the A Dictionary of Psychology, humanistic theory is the belief in the basic goodness and respect of humankind. Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers set the bar and standard in the mid 20 century for their innovative methodology to grasping personality and improving the global gratification of individuals. In the early 1960’s, the conflict of war and peace arose with the need to accepting human nature. Overall the humanistic theory has enlighten many individual views and provided a better understanding for the sake of war and peace. The humanistic theory is a critical response to the methodological importance of both psychodynamic and behaviorist knowledge. Maslow reviewed human motives as the need for self-actualization. Maslow believed that human basic needs are satisfied through self-realization of their full potential.
He also believed that personality is a derivative of a healthy human being. On the other hand, psychodynamic theories are clinical based case studies and consequently lack explanations of healthy personality. Two self-actualization characteristics described by Maslow’s that individuals share are awareness and acceptance. Moreover, his views also conclude a good sense of humor is also an awareness that people share. Like Maslow, Carl Rogers, another humanistic psychologist, projected a theory called the person-centered theory. Rogers interpreted that an individual’s self-concept is the greatest feature of personality. His also concluded that judgments, feelings, and philosophies people have about themselves play a significant role in their personality. Rogers believed that most people have an awareness of their self-concepts. In contrast to psychodynamic theories, humanistic theories cannot be easily tested.
Although, the objectives of the humanistic and psychodynamic are similar, their views in personality are somewhat different. Freud’s psychodynamic believes that an individual seek to comprehend how people perceive them through experience in the world. Humanistic theory is basically accountability of self-actuality which opposes to Freud’s belief that all people cannot experience happiness. Psychodynamics expresses that behavior is determined, but humanistic believes that behavior is a free expression of an individual. Generally, Freud’s theory geared towards sexuality and belligerence, but humanistic is more of a simplistic belief in one’s self. Overall both theories have contributed to the study of personality and have helped many people across the globe.
“Humanistic Psychology n.” A Dictionary of Psychology. Edited by Andrew M. Colman. Oxford University Press 2009. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. 25 May 2010 ce What is psychodynamics? – WebMD, Stedman’s Medical Dictionary 28th Edition, Copyright© 2006_Lippincott Williams & Wilkins