We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Personality and aggression Essay Sample

The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals.

Get Access

Personality and aggression Essay Sample

As a sports physiologist we are interested in how individuals behave during sports performance. There are many factors to this.

Psychology is defined as “the science of behaviour”

Sport psychology is the scientific study of people and there behaviours in a sporting context.

There are many differences in individual sports participants that influence there behaviour. These differences have effects on the outcomes

Historically, one of the most popular issues in sport psychology concerns the relationship between personality and sports performance.

Fisher (1994) found over 1000 studies have been conducted on personality and sports performance. From all the studies it is popularly believed that personality contributes to success in sport.

It is also believed that “valued personality attributes may be developed through sports participation”. (Horn 2002)

One of the most often asked, and most difficult to answer questions by a sports psychologist is: what is personality?

Personality is very difficult to define and is scientifically much more complex than most parts of psychology or any study of humans.

Allport (1937) gave a definition as “The dynamic organisation within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustments to the environment”

Personality can be defined as: “Personality represents those characteristics of the person that account for consistent patterns of behaviour” (Pervin 1993)

Hollander also defined personality as “the sum total of and individuals characteristics, which make him unique” (Hollander 1971)

Hollander came up with a diagram to show his theory of the structure or personality. This involves three main components, the outer ring, the inner ring and the inner core:

Hollander (1971) Structure of personality

Outer ring – the outer ring is the most superficial aspect. Hollander explains it as role related behaviour. This means that as the perception of the environment changes, we change our behaviour. For example when sitting in a job interview a persons perception of the environment would be different from there perception when dancing in a night club, from this perception there behaviour changes accordingly

Inner ring – the inner ring is the natural responses a person has to the environment or situation they are in. it represents the usual way we respond to a problem or situation that we find ourselves in. from this we develop learned modes of dealing with the environment.

Inner core – the inner core is the deepest components, what some people would call your soul comes into this part of the structure. It involves the basic attitudes, values, interests and motives. The inner core is unlikely to change majorly through out a person’s life although there may be slight changes.

So there are many things that make up your personality, the main four factors that influence how we respond in a given situation are:

* Our genetic make up

* Our past experience

* The nature of the situation in which we find ourselves

* Our free will

Theoretical approaches to personality

Theories of personality recognised behaviour is determined by the factors inside a person and events in the surrounding environment.

Trait theory

The trait theory emphasises the roles of genetics in determining our individuality. The theory says that individual’s personality is made up of certain characteristics or traits. Individuals are said to differ in each trait due to genetic differences. Traits are the stable, enduring characteristic of a person that are considered across a Varity of situations. Traits can be measured according to their frequency intensity and the range of situations they can be applied to. One person can be an extrovert, lively, impulsive etc, while another is introvert, very shy, quite etc. These can affect and be seen in the sport they play.

As mentioned previously personalities can be placed into two categories, which are introvert and extrovert. Introverts are usually quiet and don’t need a lot to be going on to keep occupied. Introverts tend to be calmer more thoughtful and careful. They tend to prefer sports, which are solitary, less active and less competitive. Research show that introverts tend to work hard in training, get nervous before big events, perform intricate skills well and have a lower tolerance of pain. This means that they are less likely to take part in contact sports and more likely to take parts in sports such as archery, golf tennis and swimming.

Extroverts on the other hand, need a lot of things to be going on to keep amused and are usually found to be in the centre of attention and loud. They are more lively optimistic and sociable. They tend to prefer team sports, sports with aggression and action packed competitive sports. Extroverts get impatient with intricate skills and get bored easily in training.

A person cannot be labelled as an introvert or extrovert until they have been observed closely, in different situations. Someone who appears talkative with friends may appear quite and shy around strangers. This also means the links between personality and sports involving introverts and extroverts are generalisations. There are always exceptions for example some one who is a introvert may play a team sport. 100meter runners are usually extroverts who are positive and enjoy important events at high arousal but still do an individual sport.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Peculiarities of various assignment types

The educational process is diverse and full of interesting writing tasks which help students develop their academic abilities. Different assignments types are created by professionals in order to enhance students’ level of analytical, critical and writing skills and to vary the learning process. As a student, you will encounter numerous tasks of diverse complexities throughout your student life. Sometimes, maybe, too complicated! They have different peculiarities, structural...

Making decisions in health and social care

Critically analyses the concepts, features, and importance of costs and accounting in making decisions in health and social care Cost accounting is a method used in accounting to capture a company’s or organisation’s production costs. It assesses the input costs of every step in production, fixed costs like depreciation of capital equipment. Cost accounting measures and records costs individually then compare the input results via...

Сhildren development

Physical development 7-12 years By the age of 7 a child enjoys things such as bike riding and rollerblading they are now able to tie and untie shoelaces without adult help, they are now starting to understand what rules are and are able to follow simple rules. At 8-12 years a child improves the physical skills that they have already developed and start to see...

Forex international trading market

Introduction Forex exchange is on the rise in Namibia; resulting in more people wanting to learn how to trade to try to increase their income so that they can enhance their standard of living. Forex Foreign exchange identifies the process of converting domestic currency into international banknotes at particular exchange rates (Bofah, 2017, para.1). As the number of foreigners in Namibia is increasing, more Namibians...

Aristotelian idea of God

This image produced in 1544 shows emerging's of the Judeo-Christians and Aristotelian's traditions. Aristotle was very interested in the idea of motion and said “The world is in a constant state of motion and change”. An example of how the world is changing is the growth of trees and plants. Aristotle believed in a prime mover, which is the being which creates change in the...

Get Access To The Full Essay
Materials Daily
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
Free Plagiarism
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Can't find What you were Looking for?

Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base

The next update will be in:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member