The assignment is based on the excessive use of police force during the G-20 summit held in Canada. The excessive use of police force creates some serious problems at times. The summit meeting is held to strengthen the economic activity inG-20 nations, the main aim is to do something better for the welfare of the country. To ensure the security of the summit the police force has expensed millions of dollars and most of the people are of the view that, this is the more expensive security setup. But after the summit the people starts protests for their rights but suddenly all this has changed and a massacre has started. Some people invade in the protest and starts damaging the cars and set fire to the national assets. In order to ensure the security the police force have used every possible thing which they can do and this would injured a number of people as well as, they have also arrested more than 400 people.
For a long time women and men belonging to any nationality and beliefs have been the victims of police brutality case. The main aim of police department is to provide shelter and protection to the inhabitants and this is the oath they have taken. At times, police departments fail to act on what they are required to do. Excess use of anything is not good but police departments sometimes use excessive force to handle the public. Here one thing needs to be clarified that the role of police department is crucial and is of critical importance when it comes to maintain law and enforcement in the country (Ron, 2012).
Police Force Brutality
Excessive use of police force for any reason is known as Police brutality. Excessive use of force has been witnessed in many countries of the world. Sometimes excessive use of police force is advantageous, but sometimes it is not as it creates a situation of chaos. There are a number of cases registered against the use of excessive use of police force against the public and against the law. These cases include some high profile cases like the G-20, Toronto Summit Protests. The massacre created some serious issues over the role and an accountability of the police department and their role (Allison, 2012). G-20 Summit Protests
This paper is based on the use of excessive police force in Canada.The G20 Summit was held in Toronto and is the fourth meeting G-20 Government heads with an aim to discuss the economic situation and enhance collaboration among countries. Thousands of people (protestors) marched peacefully through main city of Toronto to reveal the anger against global economic collaborations and summits but suddenly the scenario changed. Some groups came out-of-the-way and start crossing the limits the groups deviated from the programmed route and starts to set fire to a police car and smashed their windows (Colin, 2012). Police Racism
At times the police officers can be brutal towards different races. An example from the “Police Brutality” text states in mid-October 2005 a sixty-four year old retired schoolteacher had returned to New Orleans to check on many homes that had been damaged due to the natural disaster effect of Hurricane Katrina. As Davis was walking along Bourbon Street around 8:00pm he was brutally beaten up by two New Orleans police officers. The cause of the beating was clearly to do with race as Davis was black and the police officers were white (Fitzgerald, 2007). Peaceful Protests
A protest held in Montreal, Canada was attended by hundreds of thousands of people, was crowned as the “largest civil disobedience action in the history of Canada” and after the police declared it illegal based on the newly passed emergency laws. The students organized the procession were required by the police to send a pre-planned route of the protest march which map they sent the police (Ron, 2012) Background of the protests
Canadian student protest, which began in February rather limited, became a bitter political struggle and wide ranging. Cause of the protest, raising university tuition in Quebec, is no longer the main issue. The story is a protest implication, particularly the implementation of emergency laws that actually divide public opinion in Canada, creating a political storm unprecedented in recent decades. The procession was held to mark one hundred days to establish the resistance movement to raise university tuition in Quebec, which ultimately won public support. Since the beginning of the protest was arrested more than 2,500 demonstrators using emergency laws applied by the Conservative government of Quebec and allow it to stop those who have not sought police permission to demonstrate or to impose a fine up to $ 125 thousand dollars of student organizations that violate the new regulations. Constitution of Canada emphasizes values such as peace, public order and good governance; freedom of expression is no less significant.
So there was so intense debate around emergency laws when many Canadians argue that the new regulations are contrary to the spirit of the Constitution, while others feel they arise out of it. “The issue is no longer tuition,” says Carole Beaulieu the editor of a journal published in Quebec on current events and called for students to stop their protest. “Now arguing about topics other perfectly,” adds Beaulieu, “quite difficult to understand what exactly these issues or to characterize them but overall it is a conflict between right and left, and between adults and young people.” Nathalie de Rozier, Senior Consultant Canadian Council for Civil Liberties, protest and support organizations are challenging in court the new emergency laws in Quebec, says that’s not hard to stoke the passions and ” public atmosphere of ‘up here’, and ‘you cannot anymore. Closed the idea of transferring emergency laws to limit protest is based on the assumption that it is dangerous undermine this freedom to protest. “
The city, which is already suffering every day around the clock movement, it is clear that many demonstrations and protest marches violate public order and peace, let alone when they are slipping sometimes violence. Also, there is great concern that the collapse of negotiations between the Provincial Government and representatives of the protest last weekend may keep many tourists from Canada in particular and in general, in the peak tourism as summer events and festivals should be held in the city. Law Regarding Protests and Emergencies
The new emergency law stipulates among other things that it will participate in a public protest more than 50 people will require the organizers to provide a detailed plan and schedule the demonstration at least eight hours in advance. Moreover, the police may change its plan, which they had submitted to the organizers, and ignoring decision means that the protest will become illegal. The new emergency law also significantly increased the fines levied on illegal demonstrations participants, who encourage participation in these protests. Despite the continuing emergency law student demonstrations in Montreal, and on Wednesday, May 23, the arrest of over 500 people. Indiscriminate use of tear gas the police do, even giving rise to “star” New COP number 728 – reminded many of the “officer bubbles” which won international acclaim demonstrations at the G20 summit held in Toronto two years ago. The issue has also become a bigger one in front of the law making agencies of the Toronto Police.
The agencies are of the view that every law making and implementing agencies know the citizens’ rights and they have to follow them as well. The research report of 2010 G-20 Summit violent incidents between police and demonstrators during the summit, criticized the police conduct, calling it “illegal, ineffective and unjustified.” The Toronto police arrested 418 protesters in one night. Many of the detainees were surrounded by police, struck them to disperse, but without leaving them a way out. This technique is known as the “convening Visit”. The protests against the G20 summit Providence escalated into violence and riots – the police began to fight with the demonstrators with tear gas after protesters burned police cars and smashed windows with baseball bats and hammers. Some protesters threw bottles at police, even after they were forbidden coming to the venue of the economic summit of 20 countries (Allison, 2012). Police Office-Guilty
The police officer was found guilty in using the excess amount of police force against the protestors. In this case there were only two officers who were convicted and charged. A protestor has sued $14.2 Billion against the officers involved in his arrest who injured his nose and cheeks. According to reports, more than 1,000 protesters were injured in the protest. Hundreds of protestors were wounded and hospitalized in critical condition, due to head injuries resulting from the use of riot control measures. In addition there is a concern that 2 protesters have lost their eyesight due to the use of water cannons and similar measures. The most serious damage to the security of the demonstrators was the inappropriate use of tear gas by the police, causing an unknown number of injuries; including severe head injuries demonstrators hit the gas tank. Activists Detained By Police
The police reported that in the last 24 hours have detained about 480 activists, although most faces misdemeanor charges and will be released throughout the day. About 200 people were arrested at midnight on Saturday after a thousand protesters marches peacefully for the city centre to get a few meters of the security fence set in downtown Toronto. A strong police cornered the protesters and proceeded to conduct mass arrests of those attending the protest. There is a small group who faces charges including obstruction of justice, destruction of private property, and possession of drugs and weapons. Officials hope to continue the demonstrations today in Toronto but with less intensity than yesterday. Canadian Authorities had deployed massive security devices, consisting of about 20,000 police and soldiers to protect the G20 Summit. The budget of the safety device, which includes the G8 Summit in Muscoda ended today, about 200 kilometers north of Toronto, is about 1, 000 million dollars, a figure that according to local media has been described as excessive by specialists (Omid, 2012). Police force afterwards was of the view to defend their decision to detain hundreds of people including both protesters and bystanders for hours during a heavy rainstorm at a downtown.
The Toronto G-20 summit was concluded as one of the good summits but the protests after the summit creates a negative impact as well as distorts the country’s image. The volatility of police force has created the main issues when police starts to secure and defragment the protestors. Amnesty International at the time of this case is of the view that the security measures for the summit is the “Clear and extensive violation of the rights of the citizen which are for the protests. After this case Mr.McNeilly is of the view that the Toronto police have made an “incomplete and inadequate” plan for security of the G-20 summit, this shows their inadequate planning and lack of experience to hold such huge crowd. He also blamed the Toronto Police for Using some “Excessive amount of Police force” with inadequate planning and this all happened is the result of that. Keeping the situation in view, the French President Nicolas Sarkozy hinted yesterday that the bill was too high summit. The French president said the next G20 Summit to be held in France in 2011, will cost “10 times less” than Toronto.
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