1.Management is defined as the process of coordinating and integrating work and activities so that they are completed efficiently and effectively with and through other people. Broadly speaking management can also be defined as the activity in which managers are involved. While the job of no two managers is alike, researchers and management writers have developed some specific categorization schemes to describe the activity in which managers are involved. Traditionally a manager’s job has been classified according to the four functions of management. These are:- * Planning
2.Planning is the management function that involves the process of defining goals , establishing strategies for achieving goals and developing plans to integrate and coordinate activities. 3.Benjamin Franklin says, “If you fail to plan you plan to fail”. The importance of planning and that to timely planning cannot be over emphasized. Researchers and modern management theorists have been trying to establish a relationship between success and planning since long. While much has been said and written about the effects of good and sound planning one must also know the effects of poor planning. This article mainly focuses on the various aspects of poor planning. However, before dwelling upon the effects of poor planning it is important to understand the meaning of poor planning. Poor planning means when a manager fails to define goals or objectives, establish strategies for achievement of goals and is unable to develop plans to integrate and coordinate activities. Effects of Poor Planning:-
(a).Poor planning refers to the manager’s inability or failure to define goals or objectives. Success is measured in terms of the attainment of goals and objectives however if one is unaware of what he/she is striving for than success becomes immaterial. Columbus was able to discover America only because he had defined a goal. Weather he achieved his goal or not is a separate story and is not of relevance here, however what is important is the fact that Columbus strived for something once he knew what he was aiming for. If one knows where he is headed only then will he reach the destination. To reach a destination not only should one be aware of the destination but more important is that there should be a destination. (b).While defining goals and objectives is important defining goals and objectives appropriately is also very crucial. Poor planning results in setting up in-appropriate objectives or plans.
Inappropriate objectives cause the organization to direct its efforts in the wrong directions, or to put in too much or too little efforts. Unless there is clarity about the objectives the likelihood of the organization to achieve the desired goals is very remote. (b)Poor planning drains the energy level of even the noblest of employees. Enthusiasm is important however even the most enthusiastic employee cannot survive under the structure of poor planning. Behavioral theorists suggest that human beings seldom plan to fail, however they fail to continually plan and re-plan. It takes courage and conviction to re-plan. It takes a combination of leadership and management to make progress on implementing common goals.