Team B will attempt to cultivate or select the tools our team will use to accumulate data and conduct questionnaires and the applicable test group or inquiry techniques for our quantitative design. We will do so by making contact to the people to be tested or questioned along with collecting data or qualitative information. We will use sampling methods, sampling frames and the appropriate sampling size to determine the qualitative methods. Team B will draw a conclusion by doing a statistical test in order to test the hypothesis. Our team will use surveys as our instrument to collect our qualitative data which will then be analyzed and converted into quantitative data. These surveys will be administered or offered at different levels according to department, skill level, and tenure. Since this research is steered towards improving the workplace for the current employees it is only fair that all employees within the workplace submit a completed survey. The stratified sampling method will be used to address the issues per department, skill level, and tenure.
This will enable researcher the ability to assess the skills training issues per department and the issues concerning pay and workload. “Stratified sampling is a probability sampling technique wherein the researcher divides the entire population into different subgroups or strata, then randomly selects the final subjects proportionally from the different strata” (Sincero, 2012). In surveys, the sampling frame is the list of cases from which the sample is selected. Easily obtained sampling frames would include telephone directories and lists of electors. These have obvious problems in terms of non-representativeness -for example, telephone directories only list people with telephones who are responsible for paying the bill. It is extremely expensive to draw up a sampling frame where none is available – hence the willingness of researchers to use less than optimum sources” (Duncan Cramer, 2004, p. 147).
The sampling frame that will be used is a list of nurses in each hospital. In completing this task we will do a survey showing how nurses feel about their jobs and pay. The sample size will be determined by using a sample size calculator. The first step would be determining the confidence level. “The confidence level tells you how sure you can be. It is expressed as a percentage and represents how often the true percentage of the population who would pick an answer lies within the confidence interval. The 95% confidence level means you can be 95% certain; the 99% confidence level means you can be 99% certain most researchers use the 95% confidence level” (Sample Size Caculator, n.d.).
“The next step is know the confidence interval which is the plus-or-minus figure usually reported in newspaper or television opinion poll results. For example, if you use a confidence interval of 4 and 47% percent of your sample picks an answer you can be “sure” that if you had asked the question of the entire relevant population between 43% (47-4) and 51% (47+4) would have picked that answer” (Sample Size Caculator, n.d.). Using these two together will determine the sample size. There will be a meeting within the staff to discuss the issues faced on a day to day basis due to the work load given to the health care workers. Each employee will be given a survey based upon the concerns heard through the human resource department. Issuing surveys in the workplace can give the company a better understanding of the employee’s outlooks and opinions about the business from the leadership to their individual satisfaction with the benefits offered.
The proof leading surveys in the workplace is that the procedure will give an in depth image of the worries and feeling of those employed. Surveys are the primary method of quantitative research. The statistical test that will be used is “The Analysis Of Variance, popularly known as the ANOVA. This can be used in situations where there are more than two groups” (ANOVA, 2009). The results and insights will be displayed through graphics. The reason this method will be used is to help the person better comprehend and sum up the information given in the presentation. Presenting research results in a graphic layout enriches the impact of the results and supports the people from the lack of confusion. We first will conduct surveys and questionnaire of the employees of the hospitals.
Surveys can be led face-to-face, by mail or telephone, or by computer. With anonymous surveying, the answers provided will be more truthful when the surveyor has no fear of aftermaths from their employer. Even for the language issues we will have different language surveys in order to include very employee. The survey’s method will not be costly do to them being done at the facility. We will not make the survey’s very time consuming and not very personal. When gathering the results of the surveys randomly sampling is going to be the best to gain the most information on the population of the hospital. Random sampling will give us a chance to hear all shifts and areas of the employees’ interest. Conclusion:
Just as any experiment whether it is found correct or incorrect there is always a reasoning process and research methods used to finalize the conclusion. It is important to establish what the results, and summarize what we have learned from our research. We will analyze the cause and effect on the results of hypothesis and we will also justify the methodology and reasoning which will not eliminated the experimental process whether found correct or incorrect.
ANOVA. (2009, June 06). Retrieved May 09, 2015, from Eplorable.com: https://explorable.com/anova Duncan Cramer, D. H. (2004). The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics. London, England: Sage Publications. doi:: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9780857020123 Sample Size Caculator. (n.d.). Retrieved MAy 11, 2015, from Creative Research Systems: http://www.surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm Sincero, S. M. (2012, May 10). Methods of Survey Sampling. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from Explorable: https://explorable.com/methods-of-survey-sampling Trochim, W. M. (2006, October 20). The Research Methods Knowledge Base,2nd Edition. Retrieved May 09, 2015, from Social Research Methods: http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/