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Psychological Ethics Essay Sample

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Psychological Ethics Essay Sample

Introduction

Ethics are an essential part of the administration of psychological tests. Psychological tests are an important tool in terms of many professions in an array of settings such as in clinical psychology, education, and even business. However, misuse of psychological test by the administrators is a constant and troubling issue that has the potential to harm the individuals involved and even society as a whole. For test takers, the misuse of a psychological test could result in improper diagnoses or inappropriate decision making. The misuse of tests reflects very poorly on the professional organizations along with highly trained test users and overall will result in poor decisions that may harm society in both an economic and mental manner (McIntire & Miller, 2007).

Ethics refers to the moral aspect of things in terms of what is right or wrong in regards to various things such as an entire society, an organization, or a culture. Among many professions, is a set of practice guidelines which are known as ethical standards in which members of those professions vote on such codes after debating and discussing their various concerns (McIntire & Miller, 2007)

.Moral competency inventory measurement instrument The competencies are: acting consistently with principles, values, and beliefs; telling the truth; standing up for what is right; keeping promises; taking responsibility for personal choices; admitting mistakes and failures; embracing responsibility for serving others; actively caring about others; ability to let go of one’s own mistakes; and ability to let go of others’ mistakes. Professional issues alone will not determine the ethical issues on testing, psychology is being shaped by ethical issues, human rights labeling and invasion of privacy. Human rights

Several human rights are relevant the shyness test, Individuals who do not want to subject themselves to testing should not and ethically should not be forced to do so. Another right that one will consider due to test takers is the right to know their test scores and interpretations such as how shyness affects their success. The right to know who will have access to test data and the right to confidentiality of test results, the test takers will be acknowledge about the person who will be in charge of their results. Labeling

Labels may affect ones access to help. Labeling someone shyness may be self-fulfilling prophecy .Because some people may not be able to change their shyness or may see their shyness as a positive impact in their lives even though the test results shows that shyness have negative impact on their success. Labels may imply a person is not responsible, may increase the risk that the person labeled will feel passive. In view of potentially negative affects of labeling a person should have the right not to be labeled. Invasion of privacy.

Informed consent

Self-determination is a right to every individual which means that individuals are entitled to receive complete explanations in regards to why exactly they are being tested as well as how the results of the test will be used and what their results mean. These complete explanations are commonly known as informed consent and should be conveyed in such a way that is straight-forward and easy for examinees to understand. Student may give his/her their consent because he/she does not fully understand what the research will involve. Having taken part, he/she is in a better position to give their informed consent and if necessary exercise the right to withdraw. While conducting the shyness assessment, administrators will approach students to obtain information whether their shyness has an impact on their success

Confidentiality

. Any psychological test is carried out with the understanding that the findings of the test will not be revealed to any other third parties (McIntire & Miller, 2007). ) therefore it is important for test administrators to discuss with the students the relevant limits of confidentiality and the foreseeable uses of the information. To assure students about right to privacy, identity of the students involved will be referred to as anonymity.However, in other situations, it is important for every participant to have their own identity the results can be correlated based on various factors of each individual (McIntire & Miller, 2007).

Unfair Discrimination

Test Administrators do not engage in unfair discrimination based on age, gender, gender identity, race, ethnicity, culture, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, disability, socioeconomic status. Therefore the instrument that will be administered will involve students of any race, male and females.

Reference:
McIntire, S. A. & Miller, L. A. (2007). Foundations of psychological testing: a practical approach. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Rose, L. (1977). Crime and punishment. London: Batsford. |

Meyer, B.S., Anderson, D.P., Bohning, R.H., & Fratanna, D.G., Jr. (1973). Introduction to plant physiology. New York: Van Nostrand.

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