Public Health Essay Sample
- Word count: 1950
- Category: health
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Public Health Essay Sample
Base on the NHS 2010 White Paper in England, it was said that, National Health Service is currently experiencing one of the most important changes in its history. In the process, in order to outline the main features of the current reforms to NHS, this essay reveals some major problems these include; what is NHS 2010 White Paper? What are the main proposals for change? Why did they make changes? Accordingly, the essay will evaluate the reasons and implications and conclude with some important points with NHS. In fact, the National Health Service (NHS) began in England in 1948, providing free high quality of health care for the whole country. It has been improved so much in the sense that, before its creation, the delivery of health care was accessible only to the men who were working and contributing National Insurance (Fraser, 2003). Women and children and the mentally ill were vulnerable, they were not qualified for free health care services as promulgated by Lloyd George’s legislation of 1911 (Leathard, 1990).
In the same way, it should be notice that the arrival of the NHS has led to this new system that professionals, doctors, nurses, pharmacists, opticians and dentists worked, merged and provide health care for the benefit of all. Following to that, the main idea in which NHS was established recommend that, the service should be for free during the delivery, depending on individual needs rather than affordability. It had to be universal, for example, offer the same quality of care across the country (Fraser, 1973). It follows that , from its birth, growth, until now, the NHS by successive governments has had several different reforms have attempted to solve the problems of centralised health services and improve the quality of duties. With reference to the above point, one of the reform among them contain; the implementation of Primary Trust, NFS, Creation of Clinical governance conducted by new labour in the year of 1997. However, despite the efforts of the previous government, a reliable source has revealed that the National Health Service is facing a serious financial deficit of £ 15 to 20 billion in 2011 to 2014 to meet the growing demand.
For this reason, the Conservatives and the Liberals Democrats have observed the impasse the NHS, a great countrywide institution is falling down and decided to put in place some strategies. Number one, liberating the National Health Service (NHS); the government will expand health expenditures in real terms each year in the Parliament. It will sustain the NHS ideologies, wide-ranging service, obtainable for every one, free in term of delivery on the basis of clinical necessity rather than the affordability. It will make the new NHS the envy of all countries. The NHS is a matter of equity for everyone in England. The Government will promote equity and introduce the sanction for any discrimination within the National Health Service and social services to begin from 2012.
The Commissioning Board will be in charge to explain the consequences of inequalities in health care services. Number two, Putting patients and the public first; the government’s objective is to achieve the effects of health care services. To do this, patients should be involved in decision-making as partnership. Care services health outcome must be individual. The government has suggested the value of sharing decision-making to be the rule, no decision for me without me. General evidence shows that if patients are include in their care will develop treatment outcomes and their satisfaction with health care services. Number three, improving health care outcomes; Developing and implementing quality standards. Number four, Autonomy, accountability and democratic legitimacy. Number five, Cutting bureaucracy and improving efficiency;
They came up with new ideas for the first time since the existence of the NHS these included; liberating the National Health Service, their strategies included;
Thus, it is important to have an in sight on the document entitled “White Paper”. It self, White Paper can be defined as the next step after green paper, a government’s document that tells its plan on a particular topic; it then passes into law to accomplish its mission (House of Commons, 2005). It contains strategies and proposals which will be submitted to the Parliament by the Secretary of State. In light of the foregoing, the 2010 NHS White Paper is one of the government’s documents, containing a new conception and is yet another modification to the structure of the NHS. It presents its (innovation) proposals called “Equity and Excellence: Liberating the NHS”, describes the main characteristics and ensures that they are adapted to objective. It also defines some key concepts of the actual reform in the NHS. These include; the implementation of both Commissioning Board as well as GP Commissioning Consortia, the abolition of (SHA) Strategic Health
Authorities along with (PTC) Primary Care Trust. As can be expected, the new direction in the NHS issued by the present coalition government in 2010 will be carried out over the next five years.
Besides, “Equality and excellence in the year 2010 unlocking the NHS” was set up by the government merged, promulgated pursuant to the law that health care should be free for patients (Department of Health 2010). The Act provides healthcare professionals with financial power to judge and decide rightly about the treatment and referral of their clients (patients). However, the reforms plan proposed by this government is quite different from all previous reforms made in this country. It will be the first time in the history of the NHS that frontline staff will have more power to control the delivery of services, whereas previously, during previous reform, diverse workforce were simply received and executes instructions from higher level. In the same vein, Liberals Democrats and Conservatives have observed the impasse within the NHS and the country is down and decided to restructure the NHS and maximize the economy the budget, while promoting health care quality for all. To reform the NHS, the current government has made the proposals contained in the White Paper; eradicated (SHA) with strategic health authorities (CTP) primary care trusts.
It has established 500 GPS commissioning consortia to oversee the commissioning board. He also created the watch health monitor the provision of health care (Jones 2010). With respect of the reform, there are several reasons that have been advanced to explain why the reforms should be made. Among them, the main reasons for the reforms of the NHS in 2010, includes refining the NHS system to solve its budget deficit, developing the quality of health services, welcoming different types of hosting providers, patients, consultants, suppliers and services, giving them a choice or option in their decisions. Idea behind the reform of the NHS is to put patients first and allow them to have options for other services and choice-making in the health care services that are offered. In addition, the change has been introduced to reduce the unnecessary costs made by previous government and save money for other purposes (NHS Reform, 2010). A long the same lines, the abolition of Primary Care Trusts and Strategic (PCT) Health Authorities (SHA) were proposed Previously, PCT and SHA were managing finance for the provision of health services.
Trusts have worked with health professionals concerned; reinvest funds in developing health care services founding, meeting the requirements of every population (Kay 2002). With reference to the proposal, GP will be providing with significant financial, buying care for the local community. They will be managing approximately the mount of £ 70 to 80billion of National Health Service money. GPs practices will remain. They will be delivering local community services as self-governing trades slender within the NHS. The approach taken in the proposal requires that general practices should be among the commissioning consortia, they will have a possibility to choose which one they prefer to belongs to. GPs will be giving the power because they have easy contact know with their patients and know their requirements. General Practices will take work to services for their clients (patients). They are not permitted accept or make bribes that may comprise their patients (clients) treatment.
They have a duty to inform their patients for any possible information from different providers and they should not be influenced by any financial aspect that may have an impact on their patient’s prescriptions, treatments and referrals. Concerned about the payment, any perception and reception or money must be informed to adequate services (DOH 2010). Within the proposal the GPs were giving the right to adopt a public health approach and minimise inequalities as much as possible. It was mentioned in the White Paper that the council commissioning will not be the “headquarters” However, they guide and support the commissioning consortia, consortia 500GPs only be voted for membership. Commissioning board will supporting GPs to deliver better quality services. They will responsible to the NHS resources (DOH 2010). The monitor can also be called an economic regulator was also among the proposals for reform. They will develop in the economic regulator of providers of NHS.
They will be responsible to promote provides. They will work in partnership with the council commissioning board. They will ensure the delivery of health care in the whole worlds for people who are in need of health care services (Pullock and Price, 2011). The local Health Watch will be reporting investigating the efficiency and provision for National Health Service (NHS), Advocating or speaking on behalf of the patients (clients) for every issues concerning NHS. Health can also be seen as mechanism provider by which public thought can be expressed loud and clear to amend the regulation of care services. Their role mentioned above will be effective in reflecting the concerns of the consumers to the care service regulator, emphasizing the patient’s profit to the strategic commissioning of NHS. In general, National Health Service proposals will be published informed locally as well as nationally for the public interest (Greaves 2012). A number of them comprise; financial changes, employability losses and high serious costs unstable that can lead to additional damage towards government’s economy (Asthana 2011).
This is a major modification ever since the National Health was created 1948 with a structure totally difference to the one of 2010 White Paper. Generally, the most important task in the NHS original was attributed to the regional and region health authorities. Instructions about the managing the NHS were given by the (DOH) Department of Health however, large discretion from local authorities resolute how services were provided and organised. Individual MP’s and local authorities influenced the developments in local areas which lead to unequal distribution of services (Gorsky 2008). The (DO) Department of Health and the NHS executive were in charge for improving rules and procedures whereas Regional Health Authorities/ Boards were in charge for oversees provision of tertiary services includes health education ambulance services, and training.
Other services were delivered by (DHA) District Health Authorities, General Practices (GPs) hospital services during that period were individual contractors and National Health Service (NHS), were not employed directly by the NHS (Birch 1986). Regarding the implementation of the literature on the above lines, the new management to the NHS has been adopted by both the Liberal Democrats and Conservatives were merged together in 2010 after the election. They amalgamated and made the new structure, reduce unnecessary costs and give a new direction, improve the quality of healthcare in England. In large part, there were a number of ambiguities around the question of reform. With regard to the concerns of all the main idea is just around the satisfaction of the people. The politic Trends of this new vision is that, the government should help people