After researching everything about our topic on abortion, we learned a lot about it that really answered our questions. Abortion on the other hand, is the termination of a pregnancy before the birth with the consequent death of a fetus. If the fetus does not develop normally abortion may occur or the mother’s suffers from an injury or disorder there is prevention on her part to stretch the pregnancy to its full term. Such spontaneous abortion is generally called as miscarriage. You might be thinking who are the persons who are capable of aborting infants are, well these people are rape victims, teenagers who got pregnant accidentally, and successful singles that was not prepared to carry a child inside them. Another thing that bothered you is why is there a need for them to abort their child? One of their reasons is financial incapability of both couples. Another reason is unwanted pregnancy because they were not prepared to have it in the first place. And those who were victims of rape want to abort their infants because they think that, the infant would be a memory for what had happened to them.
Here is a question that really bothered us all, why is abortion legal to some countries? The answer may be valid or not valid for you, but it is valid for the country that made that law. Places like the US, and some places in the UK like England, Scotland and Wales (they allow abortion until at the 24th week of pregnancy). They made abortion legal because women are, obviously, known human persons. They make up the majority of known human persons. Human persons have rights that an embryo or fetus does not have until its personhood can be established. The point at which a fetus can be taken from the womb and, given the proper medical care, still have a meaningful chance of long-term survival. The government has a legitimate interest in protecting the potential rights of the fetus, but the fetus itself does not have rights prior to the viability threshold. While researching about it, we also found out that there are person that use abortion as a service. Their reason is they learn a lot from the person that wants to abort their child.
Before they abort the baby inside the person, they ask them why they want to do it, and why is there a need for them to abort the child. They do it because they see it as a help for the person. They are aware that it is a sin against the church. Some of us also wanted to know if abortion is also carried out in the hospital. Well, abortions are not always carried out in hospital. During early medical abortions the tablets are administered at a hospital or clinic, but most women return home afterwards. Vacuum aspirations and D&Es may also take place in a hospital or specialised and approved clinic as a day procedure, however if they involve local or general anaesthetic the stay may be longer or overnight. The question that really bothered us, is having an abortion a risk to a woman’s health? Yes, it is a risk to women’s health because they may experience excessive bleeding, damage of the cervix or womb, and Post-abortion infection that brings with it fever, discharge, bleeding or abdominal pain.
Along our research on abortion we found out that medical abortion, suction curettage, dilation and curettage, digoxin, and intact dilation and evacuation. Thus, there are many other processes used for abortion which are vacuum aspiration and dilation and curettage as well as there are surgical methods for removal of fetus from the uterus with the advancement of science and technology in medical realm.These are just few processes that are being used for the deletion of an embryo or fetus of an unborn child from the mother’s abdominal tract. Before they become capable of surviving outside the tract this should be resorted to. There is a strong distinction between abortion as well as birth of a child.You might be thinking what we could do to prevent abortion, is to implement strict laws against abortion. Prevention is sex education for teens, if teens were educated that further about the consequences of sex they would be safer in doing it, and that could lessen teenage pregnancy as well as the increasing number of abortion.
The use of contraceptives will prevent unwanted pregnancies. And lastly the use of family planning, there is a lot of families that has 10 or more children; sometimes they have no choice but to abort the infant that is still inside the mother’s womb. This happens because there is lack of knowledge against family planning. These preventions are just a few; many experts are already moving to study more about the prevention of abortion in the society, they are hoping that these could lessen the increasing cases on abortion. There are physical and emotional effects experienced after abortion. Physical effects of abortion are soreness, cramping, bleeding, vomiting, and nausea. These are just normal effects after abortion. Severe pain in the pelvis, severe stomach pain, infection, and hemorrhage could cause death to the
person after a couple of weeks after abortion. Emotional effects are depression, guilt for what they have done, mood swings and relief because they got rid of something that was a hindrance to their success or goals in life.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
The main problem of this issue/ topic is: “Perception on the legalization of abortion”
Furthermore, we aim to answer the following specific questions:
1. What is abortion?
2. Is it the person’s freewill to decide whether she wants to abort her baby or not?
3. Why do some person’s perform abortion services?
4. Are abortions carried out in the hospital? Why or why not?
5. Is having an abortion a risk to a woman’s health?
6. What are the processes used in abortion?
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY:
This study aims to provide information about the following questions regarding abortion. This specifically aims to:
A. Find out why is abortion legal?
B. Know the risk of abortion to a woman’s health.
C. Know why some person’s perform abortion services?
D. Know some of the processes used in abortion.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY:
The study will be beneficial to the following persons:
1. High School and college students. The findings of our research may give them knowledge about the real deal on abortion. The knowledge that they have learned in this study could help them in the future.
2. Persons who had undergone abortion. During our research we have learned that there are health risks that occur after the abortion.
3. Persons who needs more information regarding the issue/topic. In this research, we focused more on some questions that people wants to know about abortion.
DEFINITION OF TERMS:
LEGALIZATION-is the process of removing a legal prohibition against something which is currently not legal. Legalization is a process often applied to what are regarded, by those working towards legalization, as victimless crimes, of which one example is the consumption of illegal drugs (see Drug legalization). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legalization
PERCEPTION- is the process of attaining awareness or understanding of the environment by organizing and interpreting sensory information. All perception involves signals in the nervous system, which in turn result from physical stimulation of the sense organs. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perception
MISCARRIAGE- is the spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or fetus is incapable of surviving independently, generally defined in humans at prior to 20 weeks of gestation. Miscarriage is the most common complication of early pregnancy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miscarriage
Medical abortion- It is a form of procedure and technique that does not necessitate surgery but induces the process through the induction of medication for all intents and purposes or susceptible to miscarriages. Doctors advise various medications such as mifepristone as well as
misoprostol. This procedure takes care of various weeks of implementation for the purposes of carrying out this process without endangering the life of the mother at the same time.
Suction Curettage– This procedure is also known as menstrual extraction or vacuum aspiration. It is the most common technique adopted in the United States of America by involving an obstetrician or a gynecologist for insertion of a tube akin to the size of a pencil which should be connected to a powerful vacuum or hand pump into the fetus of the woman which can be dilated with rods which are in a tapered form. This procedure utilizes a powerful vacuum that rips apart an unborn child’s body by collecting the various pieces in a jar. The doctor later checks the jar for making sure that none of the parts of the body were left inside or could cause some kind of an infection.
Dilation and Curettage – This procedure involves the process of surgery for dilation of the cervix as well as scraping of the fetus with a curette for removal of contents of fetus. These are commonly performed during the course of the first trimester of pregnancy.
Dilation and Evacuation – This procedure is performed during the course of the second trimester of pregnancy. In this procedure a gynecologist rips open a child apart in the fetus with the help of forceps or other surgical tools.
Digoxin – The procedure of Digoxin is utilized during the course of second and third trimesters for the purposes of carrying on this process. You can also utilize the aids of an ultrasound for enabling injection of an unborn child’s heart with an appropriate chemical by induction of labor for removal of the body from the fetus.
Intact Dilation and Evacuation – This procedure is also known as partial abortion and the methodology is delivery of a baby up to the stage of head remains in the fetus behind the cervix.
The methodology used in this topic was to gather information about the topic using the internet. We wanted to search everything on the internet because it would be faster and easier for us to learn more about it. While searching the internet about abortion, we had a lot of references that talk about abortion much further than those on books. Another thing why we chose the internet as our source of information is because the internet provides us with both knowledge and technology. We all know that technology gives us the drive to study and learn more. Researching everything was not that hard. All you got to do is to organize the meanings, description ant etc. because everything is found in the internet regarding abortion. It explains further the issues we have to know about it. Not only that, we discovered things that we thought was kind of unbelievable. One example of that are the different methods of abortion. The books may provide us details that we need to know, but in the internet it provides us details and information that we should know.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE:
“ALL ABOUT ABORTION”
When making a decision about your pregnancy, it is important to have reliable abortion facts. An abortion is a procedure where a woman chooses to end her pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy is a significant concern that affects thousands of people each year. More than half of the 6 million pregnancies occurring each year in the United States are unplanned. According to a study published inPerspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, about 50% of the women faced with these unplanned pregnancies were actually usingcontraception during the month that they conceived. Abortion is one of the most common medical procedures performed in the United States as approximately 1.3 million abortions performed each year. Data indicates that more than 40% of all women will end a pregnancy by abortion at some time in their reproductive lives.
In 1973, the Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade ruled that women have the right to an abortion during the first 6 months (2 trimesters) of pregnancy, thereby legalizing abortion. The court asserted that abortion is a fundamental right under the U.S. Constitution and prohibiting abortion would violate the Due Process Clause of the 14th Amendment (which protects against state actions to deny the right to privacy, including a woman’s qualified right to terminate her pregnancy). Abortion Facts – When Women Seek Abortion:
Approximately 88% of abortions are preformed within in the first trimester (3 months) of a pregnancy. Roughly 59% take place within the first eight weeks of pregnancy, 19% in weeks 9 to 10, and 10% in weeks 11 to 12. About 10% of abortions occur during the second trimester (6% in weeks 13-15 and 4% by week 20). After 24 weeks or pregnancy, abortions are only provided due to serious health reasons (and account for less than 1% of total abortions). Earlier abortions are easier, safer, and tend to be less expensive than abortions taking place later in a pregnancy.
Some Abortion Facts and Demographics:
* U.S. women, age 24 and younger, account for about for 52% of those who obtain an abortion. This number is further broken down into: 19% of these abortions are obtained by teenagers, and women age 20 to 24 account for 33% of these abortions. * Approximately 60% of abortions are obtained by women who have had at least one child. * Two-thirds of all abortions occur in women who have never been married. * Women of every social class and race elect to have an abortion: 78% of women who have had an abortion report having a religious affiliation, 88% of women who obtain abortions live in metropolitan areas, and 57% of women who seek abortion are economically disadvantaged (living below the federal poverty level). * Of women obtaining abortions, 54% were using a birth control method during the time they became pregnant. Many of these pregnancies resulted from condoms breaking or being used incorrectly (49%) and due to women who missed taking their birth control pills (76%). * Half of all women seeking a first abortion had not been using any type of contraception when they conceived (despite agreement with their sexual partners about not wanting to become pregnant).
Deciding to Obtain an Abortion:
It is important that a woman make a well-informed decision when she is considering obtaining an abortion. Discussing one’s options with trusted and supported friends or family as well as early pregnancy counseling can be helpful in reaching a decision that a woman feels the most right about. Women may have a choice between two or more types of abortion procedures depending on how many weeks pregnant they are. The safest time to have an abortion is 5-10 weeks after your last menstrual period. In the past, there was concern that an abortion may increase a woman’s risk of breast cancer. More recent and carefully done studies, however, indicate that there is no link between having an abortion and having breast cancer later in life.
Therefore, we conclude that abortion is a complicated issue for everyone in the society. Some wants it to be legal, while others do not. For us, we believe that the legalization of abortion should not be allowed, especially here in our country. We have used ethics to help us in concluding, abortion is probably one of the most intensely debated ethical issues in today’s society. For example, Pro-choice believers feel that a woman has the right to choose whether to have an abortion, while Pro-life followers feel that abortion is never an option. However, in an attempt to find common ground on this issue, we tend to overlook the basic facts regarding this issue. To solve this issue one could look at abortion under an objective view instead of only a subjective view and find that while there is no real answer to this controversy, ethical choices are plentiful. With all the examination complete it then becomes apparent that since it is always wrong to cause death to an innocent person, abortion is always wrong. With that said, the Pro-life view is morally and ethically the correct view. Before we begin to make decisions about abortion we must first examine the definitions that surround this issue. The first definition that we must define is “personhood”. What makes up personhood?
The definition of when a fetus becomes a person is a very gray area, however if we utilize medical definitions of life, we can see that a fetus is a person when its heart begins to beat on its own. While onviews of Pro Choice amongst women many clinics provide abortion services for women with unplanned or uncontrollable pregnancies. Some women find themselves with an unplanned pregnancy rather than an uncontrollable one. Unplanned in fact that a contraceptive failed, or may not have been easily accessible: uncontrolled in the sense of factors being greater than limited contraception. Abortion has been performed in many clinics as a treatment for unfit or unhealthy women, and for women who may have been molested or raped.
Abortion shouldn’t be used as a form of contraception, nor should women’s lives be sacrificed to bear an infant before morally ready to commit. If a woman is raped, and the outcome incurs pregnancy, then abortion is an alternate form of controlling the unwanted pregnancy. Abortion should stand as only the woman’s choice, never as a decision adverse to Pro-Life activists. Pro-Choice advocates seem to vindicate abortion, accepting that abortion is not considered a form of birth control, but merely a method of controlling the woman and fetus future. Women are the sole determinate persons in stating if they are capable of withholding a full term pregnancy. no matter how you defend it to be right it will still be a wrong decision to abort something that is already given to you. As a solution to your problem, face the consequence and do not run from it.
Naina, Roy. Introduction on abortion. Best information guide. December 20, 2008 Naina, Roy. Types and methods of abortion techniques.November 10, 2008 Tom Head. Why is abortion legal?.www. About.com.
Tom Head. Why do persons perform abortion services?.www. About.com El. Abortion risks. Afterabortion.org. November 23, 1999