2. Jan lokpal Bill
5. Environmental issues
7. Right to Reject
8. Right of Information
9. Leadership – do or don’t
10.Global Warming Vs Global Cooling
11. Indian Educational System
Essay on Terrorism – A Threat to Mankind
Terrorism can be defined as the use of violence to achieve some goals. It is completely different from war and policy. The evils of terrorism have considerably grown over years. Terrorism has affected not only countries like U.S.A. or UK; it has also affected undeveloped countries like Afghanistan and Kazakhstan by bomb explosions, discriminate killings, hijacking, black mails etc. All this is executed with terrible cruelty if the demand of money or a terrorists’ release is not accepted. Mainly, terrorist aim against whom they regard as their enemies or those is their obstacles in the path of their goals. Terrorism can be differentiated into many categories, of which the main are Political terrorism and Criminal terrorism. Political Terrorism is much more dangerous than Criminal Terrorism. There is also one category of Regional Terrorism, which is the most violent.
As terrorism believes in power of guns and bombs over dialogue, so it has become a serious threat to dealt with. It does not matter that their goals are illegal or unethical. Flight hijacking is one of their most preferred targets to spread terror. In India, government has made many strict laws like POTA which replaced the POTO law which was made earlier. The deadliest terrorist attack in India was the 1993 Bombay Bombing which was is coordinate of Dawood Ibrahim. A popular saying of terrorism is ‘One person’s terrorist, another person’s freedom fighter’. Terrorism cannot be controlled by law enforcing agencies alone. The world has to unite to finish terrorism. INTRO:
India is the largest democracy in the world. We all pay taxes. Even a beggar on the street pays sales tax when he buys anything from the market. This money belongs to us. But do we know where does this money go? RTI gives us a right to question governments. In 1975 SC declared that the citizens right to know flow’s directly from the fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression.RTI is directly linked to the Right to Life which includes the right to food, health, education, liberty, etc. and the denial of information is a denial of these rights. If we do not have information on how our Government and Public Institutions function, we cannot express any informed opinion on it.
RTI is needed because there are certain problems in flow of information. Some of the problems are :
Laws like the Official Secrets Act / Code of Conduct of Civil Servants
Culture of secrecy that prevailed in Government
Lack of accountability in public offices
Badly kept records
People do not know where to go for information
Illiteracy of people
In early 1990s Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathana began a movement to- bring in transparency in village accounts in Rajasthan. It lobbied government to obtain information regarding bills and vouchers relating to purchase and transportation of materials. This was then verified at Jan Sunwais (public hearings) against actual testimonies of workers. These public hearings were highly successful in drawing attention to corruption and exposing leakages in the system. Success of MKSS became a source of inspiration for activists in India and sowed the seeds of broader discourse on the right to information in India. Accordingly, some states passed RTI Act. Tamil Nadu was the first to enact it in 1997. Later Goa, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Delhi, Maharashtra, Assam , MP and J&K also enacted RTI in their respective states.
For Indian Govt, it took 82 years to transition from an opaque system of…