Role of Cognition in Stress Essay Sample

Role of Cognition in Stress Pages
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 65-year-old female diagnosed with hypochondriasis after going through a difficult divorce one year ago.

Using the application of SIT on this case,  the stressor sequence will be employed in the treatment

Phase I. Conceptualization phase

  • As the therapist, the patient must be encourage to talk and discuss other problems she is experiencing or feeling in relation to her recent event Question like the following must be asked:
  1. Who were involved?
  2. What kind of Situation causes stress
  3. When is this kind of situation likely to occur?
  4. When did it last occur?

Encourage the client to talk and discuss other problems she is experiencing or feeling in relation to her recent divorce rather than reinforcing the symptoms of the diagnosed hypochondriasis.

  • After knowing the history of the stress we can now asked the client to help the client appreciate the differences between the changeable and unchangeable aspect of the stress situations. Make a note of the similarities of the stressful situation she is going thru.
  • Formulate a reconceptualization of the client’s in distress with the client himself together with the closest family member. In this case it can be the eldest son or daughter or who maybe is available.
  • Assure the client that you acknowledge the diagnosed with hypochondriasis and teach the closet family member not to challenge that condition.

Phase II. Skill Acquisition and Consolidation

  • In this problem I use the need social support from families and friends for the client to overcome her hypochondriasis

**Therefore it necessary that we gain the support of the whole family to be successful in this treatment.

  • Through practicing in the clinic, the client will be given some problems to solve by identifying the possibilities she will do in those situations.
  • Train the client to use social support effectively; in this case we will use the support from her sons and daughters.
  • Help her master this skills gradually

Phase III. Application and Follow-up through

  • Prepare the client for the application of the coping therapy
  • Help the client accept the fact that she divorced already. But still she has other wonderful people in her life that loved her most.
  • Ask the cooperation of the family, to give love and support to their mom. It should be explained to the children that their mother need’s extra attention, love and security from them.
  • Encourage the client to have a social life, be active in the community and/or work in a group therapy where other people that experience the same experience like hers can interact and share their experiences and learn from one another through the help of a trained facilitator.

SIT has been employed in the treatment of:

  1. a 40-year-old Latino male with a “Type A” personality who has had a recent heart attack

Phase I. Conceptualization phase

  • As the therapist, the patient must be encourage to talk and discuss other problems she is experiencing why did he had a heart attack. Questions like the following should be asked:
  1. Who were involved?
  2. What kind of Situation causes stress?
  3. When is this kind of situation likely to occur?
  4. When did it last occur?
  • After knowing the history of the stress we can now asked the client to help the client appreciate the differences between the changeable and unchangeable aspect of the stress situations. Make a note of the similarities of the stressful situation she is going thru.
  • Formulate a reconceptualization of the client’s in distress with the client himself

Phase II. Skill Acquisition and Consolidation

  • In this problem the client need to practice on working on slowly and taking things one step at a time.
  • Through practicing in the clinic, the client will be given some problems to solve by identifying the possibilities she will do in those situations.
  • Train the client to use social support effectively
  • Help her master this skills gradually

Phase III. Application and Follow-up through

  • The client must be trained to tone down in his competitive behavior
  • He must be trained to do things one at a time and not rush to finish his activities.
  • Train the patient to calm down. Let him undergo the relaxation therapy.
  • If his Type A personality includes expression of hostility and anger, the client will undergo in stress management program
  • Watch food that he eats especially those that trigger high cholesterol level.
  1.  a 19-year-old returning Iraqi veteran who believes his posttraumatic symptoms are interfering with his ability to return to work.

Now that we know the cause of the stress is his belief that his posttraumatic symptoms are interfering with his ability to return to work.  We will employ the chronic intermittent stressor to the client.  The following plans to help him overcome his post-traumatic stress disorder will be done

  • Let the client undergo to some test to validate if he has really a post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • If yes, let him undergo some treatments that will cure his PSTD
  • If not, use coping technique so that he can move on and find himself a job and live a new life.
  • Help him have a cognitive restructuring, by doing so, you will help him cope up with his new society, far different from where he came from.
  • Seek the moral support of the family to motivate him about his strengths and opportunities he have in his new world.

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