Safety: Fruit and Avoid Planting Essay Sample

Safety: Fruit and Avoid Planting Pages
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Choosing a healthy nursery tree (size of 2-4ft.)| Avoid large trees grown in small containers for the root system might be “root-bounded”/rounded (it may not grow properly once planted on ground)| Inspect the trees for insects and diseases and inspect its trunks for wounds and constrictions. Water the selected tree regularly in preparation for planting on the ground| Choosing the site for planting| Avoid landscapes near other trees, buildings, structures and power lines (for the tree may grow so large)| Consider sites with full light and free air movement to avoid diseases| Considering the soil and climate| Avoid heavy, wet soil for a pH of 5.5 to 7.5 is preferred; avoid planting on temp below 60 or above 100 deg F for it can cause abortion, loss of pollen viability and occasionally seedless fruit development; strong winds should also be avoided| Provide deep soil to accommodate their extensive root systems; Dry weather is best for the plant| Considering some factors such as planting time, planting distance, size of pits and filling of pits before planting the tree| Avoid planting in times where there is extreme heat for the plant may wither due to excessive water loss|

Consider the planting distances between the trees depending on the variety and fertility of soil and the general growth conditions in the area; remove stones on the pits; manure and soil proportion should be 1:3| Planting the tree on the ground| The planting should not be done so high as to expose the roots| Use planting board to excavate as much soil needed for the root ball| Training and pruning of the tree| Do not tolerate growing of fruits for the first years of growth and fruiting to speed up tree development (remove the fruits); avoid burning pruning or litter| Main branches should be spaced to avoid breakages due to small crotch angles and heavy top; Remove branches that are rubbing and crossing each other| Interculture (mainly with weeds)| Do not maintain weeds on the tree although it may not produce visible negative effects at first; Avoid the tree from having a distance of 5ft and below from the grass|

Remove weeds to ensure plants to get essential nutrients without the competition and will improve root development| Irrigation| Only do irrigation when it is dry season| Irrigation should be given at 50% field capacity; basin irrigation is recommended| Fertilization | Avoid over fertilizing young trees for they are too sensitive from it| Fertilizer should be incorporated at a depth of 15cm; to increase fertilizer use efficiency, it should be applied 25cm wide and 25-30cm deep trenches dug around the tree 2m away from trunk| Considering the diseases, pests, disorders, etc. and controlling those if necessary| Control measures are justified only when large infestations occur; disease control should also not be intensive| Best thing to avoid diseases is to monitor trees to check for diseases during the flowering and fruiting season; Use of the right amount of a recommended fungicide and adjuvant, if required|

Sources:

http://www.pcaarrd.dost.gov.ph/home/momentum/mango/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=93&Itemid=117 http://www.mangoseedling.com/culturalmgmt.html
http://www.fairchildgarden.org/livingcollections/tropicalfruitprogram/jackfruit/growing-a-mango-tree/ http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg216

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