There are four types of mainstream schools that have to adhere to the national curriculum and are funded by the LEA (Local Education Authority). These are:
Are run by the local authority, which employs the staff and owns the building and/or the land and also decide on the admissions criteria. They promote strong links with the local community and may use the school facilities for local groups such as adult education or childcare classes.
Are run by the school governing body, who decide on the school admission policy with the local education authority. The school, buildings and the land will be owned by the governing body or a charitable foundation. A trust school which is kind of like a foundation school, which will form a charitable trust with an outside business, although the school will have to provide any additional support services which the school may require. It is up to the governing body and parents on whether the school becomes a trust school or not.
There are two types of voluntary schools, voluntary aided and voluntary controlled.
Voluntary aided schools are mainly religious or faith schools, although anyone can apply for a place their no matter what their background is. As with a foundation school, the governing body employs the staff and sets the admission criteria. They are funded partly by the governing body, partly by a charity and partly by the Local Education Authority. The governing body helps contribute for any wear and tear on the building, whereas the school building and land are owned by a charitable organisation, which will generally be of a religious background.
Voluntary controlled schools are funded and run by the Local Authority, like voluntary aided schools. The governing body employs the school’s staff and Sets the admissions criteria. The school land and building is owned by a charity, this will often be a religious organisation, which also appoints some of the members of governing body.
The special educational needs (SEN) team are supported by a very active group who make sure that they provide a range of activities to meet the needs of our ever growing community of special schools, as well as colleagues in mainstream primary and secondary schools. Their aim is to work together to ensure good practice to promote effective approaches to enhance the students learning with Special educational needs.
Other schools that are available in the U.K are:
Independent schools sets out their own curriculum and admission policies as the Head Teacher and the governors decide on the admissions policy. These schools are funded by parents and also from income from investments; half of them have charitable status. All the independent school must be registered with the Department for Education (DfE).They do not have to follow the national curriculum and the head teacher and governing board decide on the admissions criteria. Inspections may not be carried out by Ofsted but by ISI (Independent Schools Inspectorate).
Academies schools are set up by sponsors from businesses, faith or voluntary groups and are independently managed schools which jointly fund the land and buildings, although the government does still cover the running costs. They do still have very close links with the Local Education Authority, but have more freedom than state schools.
City technology colleges
These are independently managed, non-fee-paying schools in urban areas for pupils of all abilities aged 11 to 18. They are geared towards science, technology and the world of work, offering a range of vocational qualifications as well as GCSEs and A levels. The governing body decide on the admissions criteria and create its own admission policy.
Grammar schools are state secondary schools which select their pupils by means of an exam taken by children at age 11, (known as the 11+). Pupils who pass the exam can go to the local grammar school. The majority of grammar schools teach pupils aged between 11 and 18, having integrated sixth forms that teach A Levels and equivalent post-16 courses.
Maintained boarding schools
Are state schools that take boarders as well as day pupils. Unlike independent boarding schools that charge tuition fees maintained boarding schools only charge for boarding. They provide high quality boarding at the lowest possible cost. Children that attend these schools abide by the national curriculum and sit the same exams.