We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Shortage Of Clean Water And Air In Nigeria Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Shortage Of Clean Water And Air In Nigeria Essay Sample

Introduction

        Nigeria is a country situated in West Africa in the Nile Delta region. It is a country that is well endowed with oil as its prime mineral resource. However, this mineral is the cause of Nigeria’s pollution/environmental problems. (UNEP, 2006)

         Political And Social Issues Behind The Crisis And Effects On The Community

       There are a number of key players in Nigeria’s oil industry; the first being the local citizens especially the people of the Ogoni tribe, secondly the government and lastly international companies that act as distributors or refineries, a good example being Shell.

       The government is a part owner of the oil companies in that country. However it has been blamed for not directing profits gained from the countries oil trade within. It has also not contributed its part of the investment needed to sustain the oil industry in Nigeria. (Kretzmann, W. 1997)

        Multinational corporations are also to blame for the current environmental crisis. This is because their piping systems are sometimes faulty and cause oil spillages. These spillages are dangerous to the local community in a variety of ways. First, they could and have caused fires to the local community when in contact with a fire source. This could cause irreparable damage to their trees, plants and livestock. A case in point is the inferno that occurred in 1998 and destroyed many people’s lives. (Kretzmann, W. 1997)

         In addition, oil spillages can lead to pollution of fresh water sources in the region. This could have serious implications to the Nigerian economy since a number of its citizens depend on fishing as their source of livelihood. (Fish can be killed by suffocation since oil spillages prevent free flow of oxygen in water). (UNEP, 2006)

          Oil spillages can cause inadequate water supplies to the nearby population. Most of the water that is used by locals comes from the water body which becomes useless after it has been polluted by crude oil. (UNEP, 2006)

           Lastly barrenness of soil can also result if covered by oil. This is because organisms within the soil require oxygen to survive. It is these very organisms that enrich soil with nutrients and makes them fertile.

          Another danger that multinational oil corporations could bring to the local community is air pollution/gas flares that are released into the atmosphere by factories. This brings endangerment to the health of the natives as effluent gas is dangerous when inhaled in large quantities. It could affect the bird population too. (UNEP, 2006)

         Social unrest has also resulted from the inequitable distribution of wealth obtained from the trade of oil. Time and time again Nigeria has been marred with protests from disgruntled citizens. The inferno of ’98 is a clear indication of the inequality experienced in the country since people would not be scrambling for a few spillages if wealth had been distributed fairly. (Kretzmann, W. 1997)

                 Resource Management Factors That Contributed To the Shortage

           Multinational corporations have a corporate responsibility to safeguard the welfare of the local population, and to ensure that they operate in harmony with their surroundings. They are partly to blame for this prevailing crisis due to inadequate maintenance of their piping systems. This means that leakages should have been checked by them and immediate action taken. (Kretzmann, W. 1997)

            Oil companies could also have compensated any resident who would have been damaged or affected by their negligence. They should also have offered a fair price to citizens of Nigeria who deserve reasonable payback for having this precious mineral in their land. Workers should also have been given adequate pay for any labor provided in an oil firm.

            The government exercised poor management in this issue. Firstly, it did not invest back in its country to ensure economic growth and bring about less civil unrest. It instead allowed the economy to be driven by a few wealthy individuals. Secondly, it did not compensate the families of those who died from oil fires. Lastly, it did not invest in establishing refineries in its own country or improving those in existence. This is evident from the fact that Nigeria buys imported gasoline yet it has the potential of producing its own. It instead lets it get wasted as effluent from industries. (Kretzmann, W. 1997)

                              Recommendations for Addressing Management Issues

  • The Nigerian government should put in place laws that regulate matters of health and safety by any oil industry or company operating in the market.
  • Investment should be done by the government in their industries. This will enable the country to be self sustaining and curb importation at high prices.
  • International human rights groups should get involved to ensure that multinational organizations meet their end of the bargain and that they are not above the law when compensation claims are made.
  • Multinational corporations should adhere to strict international standards concerning the environment. In addition industrial waste should not be dumped anyhow and they should deal with any oil spillages.

Conclusion

Resource shortage in Nigeria is as a result of shortcomings from the government and multinationals. If these two groups regulate each other and international watchdogs regulate them too then the situation can be restored back to normal.

Reference

Kretzmann, W. (1997): Human Rights and Environmental Operations Information on the Royal Dutch, Shell Group of Companies; pp.11-12, Human Rights Watch; Africa; Permanent Transition pp.40-41

UNEP (2006): Global environmental outlook 2006: Earthscan Publication London UK.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

A felicitous environment for children

According to Dr. Montessori, “A felicitous environment that guides the children and offers them the means to exercise their own faculties permits the teacher to absent herself temporarily. The creation of such an environment is already the realization of great progress.” Montessori believed that children should be given an environment that allows them freedom from the adult, i.e. she described a prepared environment as one,...

A Message to Garcia Report

The book “A Message to Garcia” was written by Elbert Hubbard in 1899, the book has been praised as a great source of inspiration and is perceived to be a guide for all men across the world. The book itself is centered on the universal themes of hard-work and determination. It is based on a true story of a fresh lieutenant during the Spanish-American War....

Adaptation and Natural Selection

Adaptation that is, the way that species' anatomy, physiology, and behaviour appear to be well suited to the demands of their environments. Adaptation is pervasive in nature. Moreover, once created, species were believed to change little, through time. In his Origin of Species, published in November 1859, Darwin explained the purpose of the book as follows: "I had two distinct objects in view; firstly to...

Garbology Case Study

It might sound a little silly, but archaeologists can find out a lot about people by looking through their trash. More is told about people's culture and lifestyles by studying there refuse then by asking them directly. Think about what you consider an average week then take a step back and compare the story you would tell and what your trash would tell. The revelation...

What Have Been the Effects of Urban...

The enquiry question that I am going to investigate is “What have been the effects of urban change in Southampton?” I will need to find out what the city previously had and how it has been modernized to help me answer my question. I think that I will find out what the most popular developments are with my pedestrian counts and I also think that...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access
immediately?

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Couldn't Find What You Looking For?

Get access to our huge knowledge base which is continuously updated

Next Update Will Be About:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member