1856 – (May 6) Sigismund Freud was born in Freiberg, Moravia to parents Jacob and Amalia. At the age of 41, Jakob already had two children from a previous marriage, but Sigismund was the 21-year-old Amalia’s first born. 1860 – After the failure of his father’s business due to economic woes, the Freud family moved to Vienna, Austria and settled in the Jewish neighborhood of Leopoldstadt. 1865 – Freud began attending the Gymnasium.
1873 – Freud graduatedsumma cum laude from secondary school and began studying medicine at the University of Vienna. 1878 – Changed his first name from Sigismund to Sigmund.
1881 – Freud received his doctorate degree in medicine.
1884 – Published a monograph on cocaine.
1885 – Worked with Charcot at the Salpetriere Hospital on hysteria and hypnosis. 1886 – Began his own private practice and married Martha Bernays. 1887 – Freud’s daughter Mathilda (1887-1978) was born and he first met Wilhelm Fliess. 1889 – His son Jean Martin (1889-1967) was born. The boy was named in honor of Freud’s early mentor, Jean-Martin Charcot. 1891 – Son Oliver (1891-1969) was born.
1892 – Josef Breuer describes the case of Anna O. with Freud. His son Ernst (1892-1970) was also born. 1893 – Began formulating his seduction theory. Daughter Sophie (1893-1920) was born. 1895 – Published Studies on Hysteria with Breuer. Daughter Anna Freud (1895-1982) was born. 1896 – First used the term psychoanalysisin “Zur Ätiologie der Hysterie.” His father, Jakob, died the same year. 1900- Published The Interpretation of Dreams.
1901 – Published The Psychopathology of Everyday Life.
1905 – Published Three Essays on Sexuality.
1906 – Began correspondence with Carl Jung.
1907 – Freud and Jung met face-to-face.
1908 – The first International Psychoanalytical Congress was held in Salzburg. 1909 – Freud made his first and only visit to the United States along with Carl Jung and Sandor Ferenczi. He had been invited by G. Stanley Hall to present a series of guest lectures at Clark University. 1913 – Jung broke from Freud and psychoanalysis. Totem and Taboo was published. 1920 – Published Beyond the Pleasure Principle, which introduced his concept of the death instinct. 1922 – His grandson, the noted artist Lucian Freud, was born. 1923 – Published The Ego and the Id and was diagnosed with jaw cancer. 1929 – Civilization and its Discontents was published.
1930 – Freud’s mother died.
1933 – Corresponded with Albert Einstein.
1938 – Anna Freud was arrested and interrogated by the Gestapo. Freud moved to London with his wife and youngest daughter Anna. 1939 – Freud died on September 23 of cancer in London.