The day that William Crookes was born (born on the 17th of June, 1832 in London) questions to the world were being thought of but only one man could answer those questions and that man would be William Crookes. William Crookes was most definitely one of the most influential scientific minds that the world has ever experienced. At first William felt that organic chemistry was the path to his life; although. When he discovered the element thallium his world was changed and the extremes of the universe opened up to him. The thought of creating this extravagantly intricate element, thallium made Williams head race like a speeding bullet. William Crookes was motivated by the possibility of creating a new element, causing him to do what ever it took for him to be able to get there; no matter the vicissitudes. William’s life was being an English chemist and physicist.
For William to get there he had to ensconce himself in a stupendous school. Therefore he enrolled into the Royal College of Chemistry and studied chemistry under a well educated man named, “August Wilhelm von Hofmann”. Later in 1851 William became the assistant of August. As time went by (Three years) William was allotted as an assistant in Radcliffe Observatory, Oxford (In the Meteorological Department). Later in 1855, William received a chemical post in Chester; as time progressed William became more and more ensconced into Science and was practically giving his life for Science. In 1861, William Hausen 2
had conducted a Spectroscopic experiment. Out of the residue form the manufacture of the Sulphuric acid was something never noted or noticed before. While something out of the blue glimmered in his eyes, he observed a bright green line. This bright green line was what began the excitement of William Crookes career. This bright green line was “Thallium”. “Thallium is a soft malleable highly toxic white metallic element used as a rodent and insect poison and in low-melting glass. Its compounds are used as infrared detectors and in photoelectric cells. Symbol: Tl; atomic no.: 81; atomic wt.: 204.3833; valiancy: 1 or 3; relative density: 11.85; melting pt.: 304°C; boiling pt.: 1473±10°Cand, Thallium comes from the word “Thallos” a green shoot; referring to the green line in its spectrum” (stated by) dictionary.reference.com.
William isolated this new element by completing the indication which made him successful with the element. William wanted to experiment on this new element so he would understand the side effects/possible dangers of this new element. As time went by William had enough data on this new element that he was ready to release it to the world. William took a small specimen of the element and showed it to his heretic audience (1862). As Williams life progressed he would do more and more experiments and collect more data to figure the element Thallium completely out such as the metal and/or Thallium’s properties. Although something really confused William because while determining the atomic weight of thallium he deduced that, just in case for complete accuracy he would measure the weight in a vacuum but, even in these circumstances William found that thallium behaved anomalously. This element would change its weight when in certain temperatures. Such as when in the cold it would be heavier.
Opposing than when hot it would become lighter. William enunciated his phenomenon as a “Repulsion from Radiation”. William expressed this phenomenon in the words that when in a vessel exhausted of air a body tends to move away from another body hotter than itself which explained his philosophy. Using this principle he created/constructed the radiometer which is perceived to depend on thermal action. Though William first thought he had constructed machinery that directly transformed light into motion (kind of like a video camera). As William grew older his intelligence grew further and he created/invented more and more. Another famous thing that had been invented by William thy phenomenon was called the “Crookes Tube”. This was produced by the discharge of electricity through his invention the Crookes tube (highly exhausted tubes).
William also created the modern electronic theory which came from his theory Matter in the Fourth state/radiant matters. William was great for many prosperous things, including much more that is written here but William also wrote/ edited quite a few books (on chemistry/chemical technology). William was thy creator of the book, “Select Methods of Chemical Analysis” which has been throughout the entire world. Also Williams did much more within and on the outside of his than any normal scientist. Here are mostly everything he has conquered and donated his life to figuring out: “Discoverer of the Selenocyanides; Illumination of Lines of Molecular Pressure, 1878; Radiant Matter, 1879, an ultra-gaseous, New Elements in Gadolinite, etc, 1886; Genesis of Elements, 1887; Some Possibilities of Electricity, Wireless Telegraphy, 1892; Fixation of Atmospheric Nitrogen, 1898; the Spinthariscope, 1903; Eye-Preserving Glass for Spectacles, 1913” (stated by) www.chem..ox.ac.uk. Many scientists were quite proud and astonished at the works of this scientist (William Crookes) and hoped to be as lucky or merely as lucky to create/figure/ and conquer as many vicissitudes as William the magnificent.
As William’s age got higher his reputation as well got higher; William wasn’t going to stop and retire. He wanted to be known in life and so he had stridden to be the ingenious man and received many things along this road. Therefore here are the results of some of the major things in his career: Williams was awarded in 1880, a gold medal and prize of 3000 franks for discovering the Crookes Tube, in 1875, Williams was awarded the Royal Gold Medal, in 1885, he was also awarded the Fergusson Gold Medal, in 1888, he was awarded the Davy Gold Medal, in 1897, he was awarded with “Knighthood”, in 1899, he was awarded with the Albert Gold Medal, in 1904, he was awarded with the Copley Gold Medal, in 1912, he was awarded with the Elliott Cresson Gold Medal, and William Crookes was also awarded in 1913-1915, of being the President of the Royal Society. William decided that it was time to go into relaxation mode for a while and ended up marrying Ellen, daughter of W. Humphrey, in 1906. After that William realized he was getting to old for life so he hit pause on his scientific works. As time progressed he got older and older knowing his life would come to an end he died in London on the 4th of April, 1919 at either eighty-six or eighty-seven years old. He died but was and will always be remembered for his successful life and career.