Social, Moral and Economical Effects of ICT Essay Sample

Social, Moral and Economical Effects of ICT Pages
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Taxis

In taxis you can use ICT when the person communicates with the taxis place telling him what’s his next job, they do this by radios. Another thing is that they use sat navs to show where there going or find the place there looking for.

Bus

In buses you can use ICT by when the customer comes and gives the fees for his/her ticket the machine prints out the recite. Also they use CCTV cameras to check on the customers if there doing anything suspicions.

Train

In trains ICT is used by when they need to print out the tickets for the passengers and also they have detectors to see if any passenger is carrying with them anything illegal. It is also used to direct the driver of the train.

Planes

In planes ICT is used to navigate the pilots where they are and where they need to go. It is also used so that the pilot can communicate with the traffic controller to see if there is any bad weather or something that will disturb the plane whilst in flight.

Travel agents

In travel agencies ICT is used for database so they can organize their customer’s information. It is also used for making there letterheads and user guides. Another thing is to store their information. Also they use it to communicate.

ICT used in health

ICT can be used for health reasons and below are some examples:

Hospitals

The main use of ICT in hospitals is in life-support machines. It can also be used to monitor the patients by a thing attached to them and it monitors things like pulse, temperature, blood pressure and breathing rates.

Doctors

Doctors use ICT by keeping with them handheld objects to check the patients (each has their own purpose). Also they use it on computer to keep records of their patients. It is also used to print out prescriptions for the patients.

Ambulance

Ambulance use ICT by keeping life-support machines and radios to keep in contact with the hospital for any emergencies. They also use it for navigating their way to the destination that they want to go.

ICT used in banks

Banks use ICT by keeping computers for the customer’s data such as customer accounts, bank inventories, personnel records, and accounting packages. It is also used to keep account of all the people’s money and how has borrowed money from the bank and when they need to pay up.

ICT used by Police

Police service look at ICT as a major driving force to improve methods and efficiency, officers trained to use ICT at all level. Street officers use word processing software to type reports and a clear secure digital radio system are used to communicate between mobile officers and the police station (base). A huge integrated crime database are used to record crimes and attempt to find patterns in them. Biometric database are used to store fingerprints and hand prints and DNA evidence and ICT helped to open a file for every criminal in the country by using the computer with highly speed searching methods.

ICT used in education

In education ICT is used for students to do their work such as ICT coursework and it is also used to keep student data. In education it is also used to help the student in any research that they want to do or there are some websites for students that want to revise because they’ve got an exam e.g. GCSE.

ICT used in homes

In homes ICT is used for things like for people to do their work or CDs and DVDs. It is also used in music players, TVs and all house electrical items. It is also helpful for the children because the can do their school works such as coursework, research for a topic in school or revision for their exams if they got one.

Effects on Employment

Jobs created due to ICT

Jobs that were created due to ICT were for people that were qualified for using computers. Nowadays nearly all jobs need people that are qualified for using ICT or at least know the basics for it.

Jobs loss Due to ICT

Sometimes people lose their jobs due to ICT and this is because they don’t know how to use it. The way people lose their jobs for ICT is because there work place find a way to speed up the business e.g. database.

Changes to Jobs due to ICT in the Travel Agency

Some jobs in travel services have been created due to ICT for example travel agencies. Also employees lose their jobs due to it because they’re not qualified or suitable for the job. The changes that are made in travel services due to ICT is that their business speeds up and its fastest service.

The travel agency has changed with the database that I made them by making them faster at their jobs because before when the customer phoned in. the employee had to make the customer wait whilst they searched for the files of the customer, but now all they have to do is type in the customer’s name at all the information will appear.

The job role and specification have changed with your system by making the service faster and satisfying the customer, it also looks really professional with the letters that they send the customers to inform them what they need to know.

Health and safety

Some of the legal obligations on employers for workers using computers are the injury that is a concern. The injuries are listed below.

Injuries

The way it happens

Ways of prevention

Backaches

You in the same position on the computer for too long.

Get a back rest chair.

Eyestrains

Looking at the computer for too long.

Have a rest for a while every here and then or reduce the brightness.

Neck pains

Keeping the neck in the same position for too long.

Have a rest for a while every here and then.

Wrist pains

Typing on the keyboard or using the mouse.

Have a rest for a while every here and then.

Cramps

Staying in the same position for too long.

Have a rest for a while every here and then.

The law

The Data protection Act requires all organizations which handle personal information to comply with a number of important principles regarding privacy and disclosure. The Act states that anyone who processes personal information must comply with eight principles. The Act also allows people to find out what personal information is held about them by making a subject access request. This covers information held electronically and in some paper records, and includes credit reference details.

The data protection helps the agency by protecting there customers information or any viruses get to the computer.

The Computer Misuse became law in August 1990. Under the Act hacking and the introduction of viruses are criminal offences. Universities and colleges need to co-operate to take action under the Act as the offences are likely to be committed by members of universities and colleges, students in particular, and are often perpetrated on machines or networks within the sector.

Security

Virus

What it is

What problems do /can they cause

Ways of prevention

Trojan

It is a virus copies information form a computer and sends it to a different computer.

The problems that it can cause is threats (malware) that appears to perform a desirable function but in fact performs undisclosed malicious functions that allow unauthorized access to the host machine, giving them the ability to save their files on the user’s computer or even watch the user’s screen and control the computer

Another source of viruses is that of downloaded programmes that promise to entertain or be useful. Always be wary of what software you install, and check the company’s credentials. Downloaded ‘Warez’ (illegal pirated software) is another source, so be very careful of this.

Worms

A virus that neutralises but multiplies

A Worm may arrive in an unsolicited e-mail in an attachment that tempts you to open it; once you do the worm spreads to your computer. E-mail Worms that have the ability to replicate and e-mail themselves too many people simultaneously have resulted in the crashing of e-mail servers in the past due to the excessive strain of all the traffic!

Backup all important data and applications onto floppies, zip disks or CD ROMs. If the worst does happen, at least all of your hard work will not be lost with the deletion of your hard drive.

Devnull

Devnull is the name of a computer worm for the Linux operating system which has been named after /dev/null, Unix’s null device. This worm was found on 30 September 2002.

This worm, once the host has been compromised, downloads and executes a shell script from a web server. This script downloads a gzipped executable file named k.gz from the same address, and then decompresses and runs the file.

The way of preventing this is to always have an antivirus software on your computer. If you don’t have an antivirus on your computer then this virus is a very bad and effective one so you will have to reboot your whole computer quickly so that it doesn’t spread and affect the whole computer.

The security measures that should be used are passwords and AVG.

The effect it will have is that the work will go forever and the way to prevent it is to make sure that your data has a backup, a password and kept safely.

Disadvantages of the Internet

Advantages of the internet

You could get viruses if you go on the wrong websites.

You can do research on it.

Sometimes bad pop ups come up.

You can advertise your company on it.

If you have too much history then the internet gets slow.

You can search for what you’re looking for.

Difference between my system and a commercial system

The system that real organisations would use is either they would go to an ICT company that is professional at the job and give them the detail on how they would want the company’s website to be like or they will get a different software other than Microsoft publisher from any computer shop such as pc world and do it from that software.

The system I used and the system that real companies use has a lot of differences between them such as their product that comes out is more professional than my and they will have much better effects on their system. Also they will have better facilities than mine to make their product and that’s why their product becomes more popular.

Understanding social, Economic, legal and moral effects of ICT = 1

Explain difference between the system and a commercial one = 2

Compare and contrast wider working practices = 2

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