Table of Contents1
Statement of the problem3
Method of investigation4
Instrument used to collect data5-8
Procedure used to collect data9
Presentation and explanation of data (figure 1)10
Interpretation of data16-17
I would like t thank my Social Studies teacher for giving me this opportunity to do the S.B.A. I would also like to thank my neighbor Lilith Green who helped me in do this S.B.A.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
To what extent do poverty, peer pressure and parental neglect contribute to Juvenile Delinquency?
METHOD OF INVESTIGATION
The researcher decided to use questionnaires for the collection of data. The questionnaire was made up of nineteen (19) questions. The questionnaire as a tool for collecting data has the following advantages: 1. It is easy to collate the data from a questionnaire
2. It is inexpensive
3. It is easily understood
4. It is not time-consuming
INSTRUMENT USED TO COLLECT DATA
A. MaleB. Female
A.Under 14 years
3. What is your educational status?
4. To what ethnic group do you belong?
5. How long have you lived in this community?
A.Below 2 yrs
B.3 – 5 yrs
C.6 – 8 yrs
D.9 – 12 yrs
E.12 yrs and over
6. At what age do the youth in your community begin to participate in Juvenile Delinquency?
A.Below 10 yrs
7. How much time do you spend with your peers?
A.Most of my time
B.Good amount of time
C.Only when I am free
D.I don’t spend any time with them/
8. Which of the following contributes to Juvenile Delinquency?
A.Parents inability to support children
B.Lack of attention and supervision by parent(s)/guardian(s) C.Regular absence of parents from the home
D.All of the above
9. How much of a problem is Juvenile Delinquency in your community?
A.Hardly a problem at all
B.A small problem
C.A large problem
D.A great nuisance
10. What do you think is the MAIN cause of Juvenile Delinquency in your community?
11. What is the MAIN sign that shows when a young person is becoming more involved with Juvenile Delinquency in your community?
A.Regression in school work
B.Development of an offensive attitude
C.Change of friends or peers
12. What type of problems or chaos do Juvenile Delinquents usually
cause/practice within your community?
C.Disturbance of the Peace
F.All of the above
13. To which family type do these delinquents normally belong to?
A.Nuclear FamilyD.Reorganized Family
B.Extended FamilyE.Single Parent Family
14. To which socio-economic group do the majority of delinquents belong to?
A.Upper ClassD.Working Class
15. How does Juvenile Delinquency affect your community the MOST?
A.Increase in Crime and Violence
B.Increase of Homeless Individuals
C.Increase in Death Rate
D.Decrease in young person’s attending schools
16. How often do persons living in your community normally make complaints about the malicious acts of Juvenile Delinquents?
A.Once a day
B.Once a week
17. How do persons in your community control or reduce the acts of Juvenile Delinquents?
A.They let the authorities handle it
B.They take matters into their own hands
C.They ignore it and allow it to continue
D. They establish gangs
18. At what time of the day do Juvenile Delinquents tend to wreak havoc and cause problems within the community?
A.Usually in daylight
B.Mostly at nights
C.It is continuous, day to night
D. Lunchtime only
19. What do you suggest that should be done to Juvenile Delinquents after they have been caught?
A.be warned and let go
B.given 6 months community service
C.be put on trial
D.be put into a rehabilitation centre
20. What can the churches in the community do to prevent juvenile delinquency?
B. Set up youth clubs to keep the juveniles out of mischief
C. Get the youth more involved in church programmes such as the youth choir
D.Establish after school homework centers to help the juveniles keep up with school work
PROCEDURE USED TO COLLECT DATA
Different numbers of houses were located on each street. 20 house numbers from one side of the road was selected and each was supplied with one copy of the questionnaire. For precautionary measures, the researcher left questionnaires in the mailboxes of members that were not at home and also left a note kindly asking the respondents to return the questionnaire completed to the researcher’s mailbox. When all 20 questionnaires were returned the researcher analyzed the data for this project.
PRESENTATION AND EXPLANATION OF DATA
Figure 1: How long have you lived in this community?
Figure 1 above shows how long persons have been residing in Manley Meadows. The chart shows that 30% of the respondents have been living in this community ‘Below 2 years’, 45% between 3 to 5 years, 15% between 6 to 8 years, 5% between 9 to 12 years and 5% have been living in Manley Meadows for 12 years and over.
Figure 2: How much of a problem is Juvenile Delinquency in your community?
Figure 2 show that 15% of the respondents felt that juvenile delinquency is ‘Hardly a Problem’ within Manley Meadows. 20% felt that it was ‘A Small Problem’; while 30% considered Juvenile Delinquency as ‘A Large Problem’.
Only 35% said it was ‘A Great Nuisance’ within the community. Figure 3: What is the MAIN cause of juvenile delinquency in your Community?
|CAUSE CATEGORY |PERCENTAGE (%) | |Peer Pressure | 30 | |Parental Neglect | 15 | |Poverty |35 | |Negative Environment | 20 |
The Table above indicates that 35% of the sample chose ‘Poverty’ as being the main cause of juvenile delinquency. 30% chose ‘Peer Pressure’, 20% believe that a ‘Negative Environment’ was the main cause of Juvenile Delinquency; while 15% chose ‘Parental Neglect’. Figure 4: What type of problem or chaos do juvenile delinquents usually cause/practice within your community?
In Figure 4 it is evident that 30% of the respondents chose ‘Robbery’ as the type of problem juvenile delinquents usually cause in Manley Meadows. 20% chose ‘Vandalism’ and another 20% chose ‘Disturbance of the Peace’. Only 10% chose ‘Murder/Manslaughter’; while 15% chose ‘Rape/Sexual Harassment’. 5% chose the option ‘All of the above’ as the type of problems caused by the juvenile delinquents in the community.
Figure 5: How does juvenile delinquency affect your community the MOST?
In figure 5, 30% of these respondents think that main effect of juvenile delinquency in Manley Meadows is a ‘Decrease in Young Persons Attending Schools’. ‘Increase in Death Rate’ was chosen by 10%; while 15% believed
that the main effect was an ‘Increase of Homeless Individuals’. ‘Increase in Crime& Violence’ was chosen by 45%.
Figure 6: At what time of the day do juvenile delinquents tend to wreak havoc and cause problems within the community? [pic]
Figure 6 shows that 85% of the respondents stated that juvenile delinquents cause problems ‘Mostly at Nights’; 10% said ‘Usually in Daylight’ while 5% stated that it is ‘Continuous, Day to Night’.
INTERPRETATION OF DATA
Figure 1 above shows how long persons have been residing in Manley Meadows. The chart shows that majority of the respondents have been living in this community from between 3 to 5 years, while a few of the respondents have been living in this community ‘Below 2 years’. Some of the respondents have been living there for 6 to 8 years and a few have been living there for 9 to 12 years and 12 years and over.
Figure 2 show that just a little of the respondents felt that juvenile delinquency is ‘Hardly a Problem’ within Manley Meadows. A few felt that it was ‘A Small Problem’; while a large number considered Juvenile Delinquency as ‘A Large Problem’. Majority said it was ‘A Great Nuisance’ within the community.
Figure 3 indicates that majority of the respondents of the sample chose ‘Poverty’ as being the main cause of juvenile delinquency. A large number chose ‘Peer Pressure’, while a few believe that a ‘Negative Environment’ was the main cause of Juvenile Delinquency; while a few chose ‘Parental Neglect.
In Figure 4 it is evident that majority of the respondents chose ‘Robbery’ as the type of problem juvenile delinquents usually cause in Manley Meadows. A large number chose ‘Vandalism’ and ‘Disturbance of the Peace’. Only a few chose ‘Murder/Manslaughter’ and Rape/Sexual Harassment’. Just a little chose the option ‘All of the above’ as the type of problems caused by the juvenile
delinquents in the community.
In figure 5, a large number of these respondents think that main effect of juvenile delinquency in Manley Meadows is a ‘Decrease in Young Persons Attending Schools’. ‘Increase in Death Rate’ was chosen by a few while just a little believed that the main effect was an ‘Increase of Homeless Individuals’. ‘Increase in Crime& Violence’ was chosen by majority of the respondents.
Figure 6 shows that majority of the respondents stated that juvenile delinquents cause problems ‘Mostly at Nights’; while a few said ‘Usually in Daylight’ and a little said ‘Continuous, Day to Night’.
1. Poverty is the main cause of juvenile delinquency within the community of Manley Meadows. 2. The major deviant activity conducted by these juveniles is robbery 3. The juvenile delinquents engage in robbery mostly at nights.
The researcher suggests that the Manley Meadows citizen association establishes Neighborhood Watch. The residents should choose or elect a leader for their neighborhood watch and get the Police department involved to discuss crime prevention strategies and to assist residents in carrying out safety audits and developing action plan. The Neighborhood Watch could also request from the police station that the Police carry out regular patrol at nights which the researcher indicated is the time of day the juvenile delinquents tends to carry out their illicit activities. The Neighborhood Watch/Citizen Association could hold regular meetings and keep the community informed through newsletters/flyers. The Community Safety Unit in the Jamaica Constabulary Force in charge of the Police Youth Clubs could establish a Police Youth Club in the community. This club could meet once per week and parents of the youth should ensure that their
children become involved as this would help to foster effective communication with peers and keep their minds occupied with extra curricula activities such as netball, football and basket ball. The researchers suggested that these protective programmes and activities be implemented immediately with assistance from the Neighborhood Watch Committee, the Citizen Association Committee as well as the Government. These forms of actions would greatly reduce the level of crime and violence (and in essence juvenile delinquency) which will make the community a safer place to live.