We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Societal Culture vs. Organizational Culture Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Societal Culture vs. Organizational Culture Essay Sample

In previous readings of Organizational Behavior (2011), the authors, Stephen P. Robbins and Timothy A. Judge discussed, at length, the many elements of societal culture. Of those elements, the roles of personality, values, and their effect on the group dynamic, dominated the discussion. The following, however, will discuss how societal culture relates to structure of organizations, particularly as it pertains to work design. The relationship between societal culture and organizational culture will also be examined. Lastly, the issue of values will, once again, be addressed as a proponent for organizational change. Robbins and Judge define Organizational Structure as “how job tasks are formally divided, grouped, and coordinated” (Robbins & Judge, p. 488.) There are six basic elements that support the proper design for organizational structure: work specialization, departmentalization, chain of command, span of control, centralization and decentralization, and formalization. Work specialization refers to the degree to which one activity is divided in to multiple jobs. Departmentalization is the strategic gathering of different jobs into groups.

The line of authority to which lower level employees must report is the chain of command. The number of individuals efficiently, and effectively lead under a manager determines the span of control. Centralization and decentralization determine where the authority to make decisions lie. Lastly, formalization refers to the degree to which employees, and managers, and directed by rules and regulations. Cultural aspects such as nationality, and regionalism, greatly determine how organizations are structured. The idea of small business is very popular in the individualist driven U.S. because of the simplicity of its structure. The simple organization structure “has a low degree of departmentalization, wide spans of control, authority centralized in a single person, and little formalization” (Robbins & Judge, p. 495.) The idea that there is little power distance between the employee and the boss is very appealing to many workers. On the other hand, the owner/manager likely prides himself on being the sole authority, and superior in the chain of command.

It’s been said that, “bureaucratic structures still dominate in many parts of Europe and Asia,” while U.S. organizations are frequently criticized for placing “too much emphasis on individual leadership” (Robbins & Judge, p. 509.) Often times, multinational organizations have to adjust their structure according to the culture of the nations in which they are operating. For example, “U.S-based company Tyson Foods…decentralized its structure, giving more autonomy to managers overseeing operations in important developing markets like China” (Robbins & Judge, p. 497.) Societal Culture also has vast implications on organizational culture. The word, culture, not only connects the two concepts in language, but in explanation; as both are concerned with perception. While societal culture focuses on how people of different backgrounds perceive the world; “organizational culture is concerned with how employees perceive the characteristics of an organization’s culture” (Robbins & Judge, p. 521.) Such characteristics include, but are not limited to innovation and risk taking, people orientation, team orientation, aggressiveness, and stability.

Societal Culture also plays a role in how these characteristics are perceived, as different cultures place different values on these characteristics, which leads to the variation in organization structures across cultural boundaries. According to Robbins and Judge, the role of culture in an organization is to define boundaries. Its function is to create distinctions between organizations, convey a sense of identity to its members, facilitate “commitment to something higher than individual self-interest,” enhance stability, and shape attitudes and behaviors (Robbins & Judge, pp.523-524.) The same can be said for societal culture, just on a grander scale. The element that ultimately connects the two is values. Societal culture shapes values, and values shape organization culture. Culture and values are two fairly inflexible concepts. “Every organization has a culture that, depending on its strength, can have a significant influence on the attitudes and behaviors of organization members” (Robbins & Judge, 520.) However, when ability of an organization to perform and compete is at stake, the existing values of those members can force managers to rethink its culture, and readjust its structure.

References

Judge, Timothy A., Robbins, Stephen P. (2011). Organizational Behavior. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Business organization - Management and control

Distribution is the movement of a good or service from the source to the final customer, consumer, or user. This process is made through a distribution channel for example wholesalers and retailers. The purpose of a distribution channel is to supply a link between production and consumption. There are 2 types of distribution channels these are indirect and direct. An indirect distribution channel relies on middle...

US Education vs European Education

Analyzing from the world university rankings compiled by the time's organization, almost half of the best universities in the world are located in the US and Europe. This is mostly due to the fact that they have a high regard for education, have access to the best research facilities and have rich intellectual culture. The aim of this paper is to analyze the education systems...

The outlet business Nordstrom

Nordstrom is an American upscale design retailer and is beating each other retail organization. Nordstrom\'s prosperity is based on brilliant client benefit. The retail chain has concentrated on a couple of parts of the business to emerge. Here is the way Nordstrom is beating retailers from Macy\'s to T.J. Maxx. All through their history, they have reliably given a portion of the best administration in...

Types of Organizations in the Retail Trade

Nordstrom is an American upscale design retailer and is beating each other retail organization. Nordstrom's prosperity is based on brilliant client benefit. The retail chain has concentrated on a couple of parts of the business to emerge. Here's the way Nordstrom is beating retailers from Macy's to T. J. Maxx. All through their history, they have reliably given a portion of the best administration in...

Job Design and Management for Organizations

As the newly appointed district manager, my mission is to share and broaden my experience by putting together five different teams for the five new locations I will be responsible for. It is my duty to serve our communities, guests, employees, and franchises with hard work and dedication. “Dunkin Brands offers a comprehensive series of award-winning training programs for crew members, managers and franchisees designed...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access
immediately?

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Couldn't Find What You Looking For?

Get access to our huge knowledge base which is continuously updated

Next Update Will Be About:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member