We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

Sociology and Perspectives Essay Sample

essay
The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.

Get Access

Sociology and Perspectives Essay Sample

Emile Durkheim, a French sociologist, is considered by many as the founder of Sociology for he was the first to present sociology as a science. According to Durkheim (1950, p. 110), “the determining cause of a social fact should be sought among the social facts preceding it and not among the states of individual consciousness. ” By this, he suggests the causal exploration of a fact in relation to other facts that surround it.

Similarly, based on this definition, Durkheim expresses the importance of clarity and validity in presenting social facts. In line with this proposition, but more systematically, Max Weber (1897) defines sociology as the “science that attempts the interpretive understanding of social action to arrive at a causal explanation of course and events. ” According to him, action may either be overt, that is, it is evidently visible, or it can be purely inward or subjective.

The definition offered by Weber suggests the systematic approach of sociology in interpreting human responses to events and stimuli. According to him, sociology interprets social responses to provide understanding of why such responses occur. In addition, Weber notes that social action encompasses not only those responses that are outwardly identifiable, but also those that form the thoughts and affection of individuals. Moreover, Weber states that sociology involves methods or considerations in interpreting social action.

These considerations include actual and contextual meaning, verbal and demonstrative language, meaningful and mere reactions, rationality and affection, historical and scientific approaches, among others. Furthermore, sociology strives for clarity of meaning, that is, it presents evidences which can be verified and comprehended. Despite achieving clarity and certainty, it cannot, however, claim to present absolutely valid interpretation. Instead, it presents an interpretation that is subject to refutation and further exploration.

These views of sociology present to us the importance of this science in our life. By determining the cause of certain facts or human actions, sociology provides us the reasons why we behave in a particular way. Through sociology, we comprehend our situation more easily, allowing us to contemplate on our life more vividly. For instance, as a student, sociological studies on the effects of media would help me understand how media could affect my studies negatively as well as positively.

Gaining knowledge from such study, I would know how to use media wisely, for my advantage. Without sociological interpretation, I or even other students could be addicted to media (i. e. , watching television) and not find out its possible negative effects. In the same way, sociology helps schools design their programs based on the needs of people or the society. For example, the existence of different cultures in our population requires schools to design their programs in consideration of multicultural education.

As such, the need of individuals to understand other cultures is addressed by schools, allowing students to exist in harmony with those of other cultures. As noted by the two authors, sociology as a science does not only present mere interpretations, but it offers systematically perceived interpretations. A study on gender, for example, cannot just interpret the rise of transgenderality in our times without the use of survey, in-depth interview, focus group discussion, participative observation, etc. , and a handful of theories on personality.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

Peculiarities of various assignment types

The educational process is diverse and full of interesting writing tasks which help students develop their academic abilities. Different assignments types are created by professionals in order to enhance students’ level of analytical, critical and writing skills and to vary the learning process. As a student, you will encounter numerous tasks of diverse complexities throughout your student life. Sometimes, maybe, too complicated! They have different peculiarities, structural...

Making decisions in health and social care

Critically analyses the concepts, features, and importance of costs and accounting in making decisions in health and social care Cost accounting is a method used in accounting to capture a company’s or organisation’s production costs. It assesses the input costs of every step in production, fixed costs like depreciation of capital equipment. Cost accounting measures and records costs individually then compare the input results via...

Сhildren development

Physical development 7-12 years By the age of 7 a child enjoys things such as bike riding and rollerblading they are now able to tie and untie shoelaces without adult help, they are now starting to understand what rules are and are able to follow simple rules. At 8-12 years a child improves the physical skills that they have already developed and start to see...

Forex international trading market

Introduction Forex exchange is on the rise in Namibia; resulting in more people wanting to learn how to trade to try to increase their income so that they can enhance their standard of living. Forex Foreign exchange identifies the process of converting domestic currency into international banknotes at particular exchange rates (Bofah, 2017, para.1). As the number of foreigners in Namibia is increasing, more Namibians...

Aristotelian idea of God

This image produced in 1544 shows emerging's of the Judeo-Christians and Aristotelian's traditions. Aristotle was very interested in the idea of motion and said “The world is in a constant state of motion and change”. An example of how the world is changing is the growth of trees and plants. Aristotle believed in a prime mover, which is the being which creates change in the...

Get Access To The Full Essay
icon
300+
Materials Daily
icon
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
icon
Free Plagiarism
Checker
icon
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access
immediately?

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!

logo

Emma Taylor

online

Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Couldn't Find What You Looking For?

Get access to our huge knowledge base which is continuously updated

Next Update Will Be About:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member