Sport Case Study Essay Sample
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- Category: sport
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Sport Case Study Essay Sample
In order to undertake my research I conducted a survey of 20 girls in year 11 with birth dates in 1988 or 1989. The girls were selected at random with the only criteria been they were female.
After much consideration I decided on a 20-question survey. The main reason was if the survey were to long it would be to time consuming to complete. The survey contained sixteen strictly quantitative data questions and four qualitative questions. This was done to ensure that participants had the opportunity to explain their answers and also to elaborate. Questions were firstly structured to get the basic information about the responders like name, year of birth, sports played and the hours spent playing and training. The questions then diverged into more deep questions involving what influenced their choices and restrictions on their choices. Finally the survey allowed responders the opportunity to add any other recommendations, advice, thoughts or ideas relating to the topic.
The problems involving my methodology included aspects such as responder involvement. In other words how seriously the girls took the survey. Hopefully it will be treated with importance and show answers involving this. The qualitative questions also posed a problem they were possibly to time consuming and also responders may not feel comfortable giving out such personal information to a fellow student. Time was also another constraint but this was mostly overcome by the minimal size of the survey. Another constraint was cost; this was part of the reason along with availability of responders and time, which influenced the size and amount of girls surveyed. These obstacles were overcome or worked around and I hope that I have chosen the best methodology. The only way to find out for sure is to experiment.
Quantitative Research Data Collected From Surveys
The following is a summary of the data collected from my surveys:
1. Year of birth:
* 1989: 12.
* 1990: 8.
* The results were split 60:40.
2. Do you participate in regular competitive sport:
* Yes: 16.
* No: 4.
* The results were once again split 80:20.
3. Do you participate in regular non-competitive sport:
* Yes: 18.
* No: 2.
* This shows that 90% of girls participate in regular non-competitive sport.
4. Please list the sports you participate in: Results shown in graph. Please note that responders could list up to five sports:
6. How many hours per week do you train for these/this sport: Results shown in graph:
7. How many hours per week do you play for these/this sport: Results shown in graph:
8. At what level do you participate in the above sports: Results shown in graph. Please note more then one selection per responder is possible:
9. Circle all selections, which affected your choice of sport: Results shown in graph. Please note more then one selection per responder is possible:
10. In what ways did the above factors affect your choices: This involved qualitative data been collected from the survey samples, some of the answers are listed below:
* “if the sport is close ill probably participate”
* “Family Provides transport, so got to keep them happy”
* “I like to play sport with my friends so I’m not all alone”
* “Didn’t want to pay big rego fee”
* “If I don’t know anyone in the sport I probably wont do it”
11. Which of the following best represent an Australian sporting icon: Results shown in graph:
12. What influenced your above choice: This involved qualitative data been collected from the survey samples, some of the answers are listed below:
* “Inspirational, elite athlete”
* “She has achieved a lot for Australia throughout her lifetime”
* “In her old age she is still active”
* “I saw he got number one draft pick in NBA on the news”
* “He plays good basketball”
* “Media portrays him as an Australian sporting icon”
* “I hear about him the most”
13. Do you feel restricted in your sporting choices:
* Yes: 4.
* No: 16.
* This shows that 20 % of respondents believed that their sporting choices were restricted.
14. If yes: Which of the following restricts you: Results shown in graph. Please note that more then one selection per respondent is possible and only those who answered yes to the above question answered this one:
15. Do you wish these restrictions could be overcome: Only respondents that answered yes to question 13 completed this question:
* Yes: 0
* Don’t Care: 18
* No: 2
* This shows that approximately none of respondents wished that their restrictions could be overcome.
16. Which of the following subjects do you believe is most important: Results shown in graph.
17. Which of the following subjects is the most enjoyable to you: Results shown in graph:
18. Which of the following would be the most comfortable situation for you to participate in sport or other physical activity:
* Both male and females present: 6
* Only females present: 4
* Don’t mind: 10
* This shows that 20% of respondents would feel more comfortable with only females; another 50% stated they didn’t mind. 30% wanted both males and females present.
19. What influenced you above selection: This involved qualitative data been collected from the survey samples, some of the answers are listed below:
Both males and females present:
* “I like a competitive games and guys are just more competitive”
* “More fun”.
Only females present:
* “it would be more competitive or more even competition”
* “You participate better”
* “I’m comfortable playing with both genders but don’t really mind”
* “Because I really don’t mind who I play sport with”
20. Please add any other recommendations, advice, thoughts or ideas relating to teenage girls participation in sport: This involved qualitative data been collected from the survey samples, some of the answers are listed below:
* “People shouldn’t stereotypically assume that girls only do dancing because they don’t”
* “Promote more girls to play grade sports, so we have more teams, let girls who are bad at sport to play aswell (in grade sports etc) so more can participate”
* “It should be more encouraged and there should also be more opportunities for teenage girls to participate”
* “I think many teen girls participate in sport to stay healthy and look good, because during the teen years many girls think they are fat”
* “Part time employment heavily impacts on time and participation”
* “…I don’t think participation in sport should be compulsory”
Qualitative Data: Case Studies
I have chosen to do to case studies and chosen two girls from Year 11 at Cumberland High School. One participates regularly in sport and physical activity the other does not. The purpose of these case studies was to juxtapose the two primary types of Year 11 girls and to investigate why they made the choices they have. Also the case studies provide qualitative data to support my research.
Case Study One:
Details: Tanya is example of a teenage girl in which sport and other kinds of physical activity are an integral part of her daily and weekly life. She values fitness highly and enjoys competitive sport. She participates often in school sport, been apart of grade and knock out teams and also been involved in the athletics and cross-country carnivals. Tanya last has made the Wauchope team since she was in year 8 in up to 7 sports. She also chose PD/H/PE this year as a subject.
Tanya’s main sport is Netball but she also enjoys basketball and athletics. She trains for netball two to three times a week and has now achieved a position in the rep. team. Tanya said she “enjoys the competition of sport and likes to keep fit and have fun and social opportunities”. Tanya also plays in a weekly touch competition during the winter to keep herself fit for netball. She trains for this once a week and plays for an hour or two every Wednesday. She also says her parents are supportive of her choices and encourage her. Tanya achieves good marks at school, which show that she can maintain both a school and sporting life. She values sport and physical fitness highly and this is demonstrated by the time she puts into it.
Case Study Two:
Details: Megan is an example of a teenage girl, which does not value sport and/or physical activity highly. She stated that she doesn’t play sport except for small amounts at school and also walks home from school, which takes about fifteen minutes. She says that she doesn’t play sport because she doesn’t enjoy. Megan is heavily involved in her local church. She helps out with the pre-school-year two children’s group, which runs between 3-4:15pm on a Friday. She also attends a youth group on Friday night between 8-9:45pm. She attends church on Sunday between 7-8:30pm and also bible study on Wednesday nights between 4-6pm. Megan lists her interest as been music, which she regularly listens to and also plays the saxophone, clarinet and piano. She attends saxophone lessons on Thursday between 6:30-7pm. She is a member of the school band. She also stated she watches two hours of television per night. Megan achieves average school marks.