Question 1; explain what is meant by the term national curriculum Question 2, Discuss 5 key factors that influence learning
Question 3, Comment on the role of the teaching assistant whilst supporting the planning and evaluation of learning activities Question 4, what feedback might a teaching assistant be expected to provide and in what form and to who might they be required to deliver it? Question 5; explain how a teaching assistant might recognise problems that might arise whilst supporting individuals and how this can be managed? Question 6, how would teaching assistant assist pupils to follow instructions and keep focused and motivated?
Explain what is meant by the term national curriculum
The national curriculum is a legal requirement and is compulsory to all school children aged 5 to 16, except for pupils at independent school but private or public run schools must follow the national curriculum. All children must receive a full time education that is age appropriate and that they are capable of doing. It should be balanced and with that meaning, it should be of all educational varieties, English, Mathematics, Science and Re and Physical education. It should be mentally challenging but only for the age that it is aimed and taking into account that some pupils have special needs so they need more time to achieve that. The curriculum covers what subjects the children should be learning and it is set out over different key stages and in those key stages are the levels of what those children should achieve at the end of every key stage.
The national curriculum is set out so that everyone has a firm understanding of how it works and it’s simple to follow. It gives you a great understanding of the knowledge that children of all ages gain from using the curriculum and that all the children are getting a fair education and they are all learning the same things within a time frame and will get variety of subjects. At the end of all key stages they have what is called sats (Standard Assessment Tests) and with those tests, the school use them to see what level the children are progressing and what areas they may need extra help. The national curriculum is reviewed constantly to make sure it meets the requirements and the needs of children in schools. All the learning that children do at school and all the tests that they are required to do, gives them a better understanding of achievement and helps them to build up a brighter future for when they are adults.
Discuss the 5 key factors that influence learning
1. Parents, Parents have the advantage of teaching their children from a very young age. You can teach a child through playing and simple things, like counting the stairs and pointing out colours and numbers from when they are babies. For a child to learn anything it has to be fun and exciting and if it’s not then you must make it interesting and fun. The more you help your child with their school work, the greater there wanting to learn and achieve more, will grow. The more you put in as a parent, the more you will get your child to believe in themselves and they will be confident learners and they will be willing to learn. 2. Learning styles,
Teachers have the advantage of being able to observe and pick up on what sort of learning styles the children have. There are 3 main types types of learners and they are Auditory learners(Hear) and Visual learners(see) and Kinaesthetic learners(touch), there is also body language. The teacher needs to have a firm knowledge of how the children learn and to what suits each individual child best. Once the teaching assistant and teacher have established what kind of learning styles their pupils have, they can then implement that in how they teach those pupils. Finding out how a pupil learns best will give them so much confidence and then the results you will receive from that, will be beneficial to you and your pupils. 3. Peers,
Children can be influenced by other children and adult sin their school and class. If the child works in group situations and they work well together, then you will achieve great results from those children, as they are all concentrating and giving their ideas across and they will be listening to each other. If your child mixes with children that want to learn and have great pride in their work and work to the best of their ability, then your child will also want to do that. There is also the fact that children sometimes pick the wrong group of people to mix with and they become distracted and don’t want to learn and they don’t achieve to the best of their ability. I also think that how your child learns and who influences your children starts at home with the parents and how the parents behave in supporting their children and the choices they make. If you as a parent encourage your child and help them to achieve the best of their ability, they should choose the peers that want to learn and if you don’t support your children and take no interest in your child’s education and welfare, then they will not give a 100% and pick the wrong peers. 4. Teachers (Learning Methods)
How the teacher plans out the lesson and what materials are needed for that lesson must be done in advance and already set out before the lesson begins. The teacher needs to arrive on time to that lesson and be well presented and speak to the children in an appropriate manner. The teacher needs to address the class and make sure that they are all listening and doing as they have been asked to do. Your instructions for the lesson must be clear and understandable to all the children and explain that any that didn’t understand that when you were finished speaking, if they put their hand up, you would go and speak to them after. You could involve the children by getting them to write on the board or hand out homework or any extra work books that they may need for the lesson.
The teacher must also not tolerate bad behaviour and deal with disruptive or loud children appropriately so that it doesn’t affect the rest of the class. The teacher needs to be aware that some children need extra help than other children but they must observe the class at all times to help those children and others if needed. How the teacher interacts with the children in the class room and out of the class room is important and every effort must be made to make the children see that. Body language and appropriate language play a big part in how many the children will listen and concentrate and as the teacher you must make things interesting and keep their focus on the subject. It’s the teacher’s job to teach and to do so greatly, these are some of the things they need to do. 5. Discipline Strategies
How the school and teachers apply these strategies will depend on what outcome they receive from it. Every school has policies and they need to follow them and the children has school rules and class room rules put up in a certain place and are reminded of these rules daily. Having these rules in place and if they are explained in the appropriate way, you should get well behaved children who want to follow school rules and learn. As a school they can have rewards for good behaviour and those could be: Head teacher’s award and stickers or class points. The reward should not be a toy or money as you want the children to focus and learn because they have pride in their good behaviour and work and not because they receive toys or money for their work.
I f the child can see that there hard work is valued and they receive positive feedback from their work, they will be more willing to learn and do it in an appropriate way. Although discipline is not always the first choice of action, there are times when it is needed and the school and teachers need to act upon it, for this they could have the child do the work that they may have missed through being disruptive at their break time or for older children a detention after school or at lunch time but whatever the punishment it needs to be age appropriate. For younger children you could use reward charts and then it shows the children that they are working well and achieving great things. The parents also need to help with this by helping their children to be motivated and have a healthy diet and get a decent night’s sleep as all these things help your child to become great learners as they are more alert and ready for the day.
Comment on the role of the teaching assistant whilst supporting the planning and evaluations of learning activities. The teacher plans the activity and then discusses with the teaching assistant what they need to have for that activity and the teaching assistant needs to make sure that everything is available for the activity and that the room or area is arranged correctly and that is all clean, tidy and safe and that they have followed all the safety manuals. The teaching assistant must be aware of their own strengths and weaknesses and what their expertise and experience which could cause problems when making plans with the teacher or on their own.
A teaching assistant needs to be aware and understand what is required of them and make sure they have enough time to complete all the plans and also check that they are correct. The teaching assistant needs to make sure they understand the responsibilities of what is required of them and that they achieve that to the best of their ability. They have to also understand that the planning they need to do could be for the next lesson or another lesson that day or it could last as long a term or continue throughout the school year and it needs their full attention and commitment. Also that the activity suits all the children’s learning styles and their learning abilities.
What feedback might a teaching assistant be expected to provide and in what form and who might they be required to deliver it. A teaching assistant can deliver feedback in various ways and to different people and those people could include the class teacher, the head of the school or the deputy head or the child or the parents of the child. The feedback maybe from an observation in class or outside of the class room, it can be based on the children’s work or how the child is behaving. It could be how the child learns and what they think might be a better way of learning or following rules, simple instructions. The feedback can be delivered in different ways and some of those could be, speaking to the teacher and discussing what you have written down or just observed.
You could write a log and type it up so that its reads correctly and present that to the teacher or other staff at the school. You could copy letters and send them home with the pupil’s for their parents to see or you could speak with them on the phone. You could discuss with the teacher what you have written and then you could both sit with the pupil or pupils’ and discuss it with them. You must make sure that your feedback is of appropriate language and that the teacher has read or confirmed that it’s ok to discuss it with the child or the child’s parents. It must all be based on the children’s abilities to learn and where they need help and what strengths they have and how you were able to achieve those results and what you could do if you were unable to achieve those results. Question 5
Explain how a teaching assistant might recognise problems that might arise whilst supporting individuals and how they can be managed. The teaching assistant can do this in many ways and some of them are, observing what they are doing and it can include reading, writing and speaking and it can be in different subjects, English, mathematics, science, pe and other subjects but the teaching assistant needs to remain focused and try not to make the child aware that they are being observed as it could make the child act differently and you want to get a true result. It may not be about learning and it could be that the child is having difficulties with other class members as they have seen that they need extra help and it could make them disruptive and not want to learn.
The child may not understand what is fully required of them and need extra time to explain things, Whatever the issue is the teaching assistant needs to discuss all her finding with the teacher and they can decide where to go from there and what appropriate action is taken but all of these things are individual and need to be dealt with differently and with an understanding manor. Example, the child that is struggling with reading and writing, the teaching assistant could spend extra time reading to them or getting them to read to you, they could also use flash cards with words on and play games and those games could be matching games. The writing can be addressed by using an alpha smart or a laptop and taking time to help the child write with a pencil. The teaching assistant needs to make the children feel comfortable and relaxed. Question 6
How would a teaching assistant assist pupils to follow instructions and keep focused and motivated? The teaching assistant could get the children to repeat back what the instructions were for that lesson and ask them how they might follow these instructions and if they fully understood them and if not explain it to them and offer them ideas if they still don’t understand. To keep them focused the teaching assistant will need to make the lesson fun and interesting and by keeping them busy, they will remain focused but you could also get them to offer their ideas. To keep them motivated, I would encourage them to engage in the lesson and praise their good work and praise those for trying and show that you are proud of their work. It’s the teaching assistant’s job to remain focused and motivated at all times and by doing so the children may get encouragement from that and do the same. End of Assignment