We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy

The Agricultural Revolution Essay Sample

The whole doc is available only for registered users OPEN DOC

Get Full Essay

Get access to this section to get all the help you need with your essay and educational goals.

Get Access

The Agricultural Revolution Essay Sample

Britain was a land filled with good soil, which meant that most people’s time was occupied in agriculture, feeding themselves and working to live as opposed to living to work. The Open Field System was the main method used and had been since Medieval Times. This involved three open fields, divided into strips and shared amongst the villagers with one field left fallow.

Most villagers lived in small homes close to the centre of the village. Many might have gardens in which they grew vegetables or kept animals like pigs. They also could have kept their animals on the common land. The common land was where villager’s animals could be kept.

Experience handed down from one generation to the next, told farmers that if they grew the same crop year after year, then the soil would become exhausted. Therefore, farmers had allowed one of the villager’s fields to rest or lie “fallow” each year. To help the fallow field to recover further, the villagers grazed their sheep and cattle there. The animal’s manure put the goodness back into the soil. That field would be called a “fallow field”.

Also, every year they would vary where each crop would be grown in each field. If the same crop were grown in the same field each year, it would exhaust the soil. They’d keep a field for wheat, a field for barley and a fallow field which animals might be kept in. Then next year they’d swap the fields around, and do the same next year and so on.

Selective breeding also started to take place. This is when only the best animals were allowed to breed, so we could get the best meat as possible. In the early 1700s most animals were small scrawny and disease-ridden, but in the 1800’s they were much larger and healthier.

There were also newer inventions to help out with farming. Because of steel, it meant better tools could be used for farming. Enclosure began as well. This replaced the wasteful method of Crop Rotation and so many of the villagers had to move into towns and cities, as they couldn’t afford to keep their land.

In 1815 the “Corn Laws” were introduced. This all started when during the French War; farming had become a very successful business. This was good news for farm owners. The war kept food prices high. However, after the war ended, food prices tumbled. The landowners believed that the price of wheat was dropping because of cheap imports of grain from Europe had been flooding into Britain since the end of war. Landowners held a strong place in Parliament and they proposed that Parliament introduced a “Corn Law” to solve the problem. This was that foreign wheat must have a tariff put on it by the government so that wheat in England was much cheaper.

Firstly this worked in putting an end to foreign competition but the working class couldn’t afford to buy wheat, the main part of their diet and so their employers had to give them a pay rise, which they agreed to because they were making more profit from the lack of competition. Eventually, the Prime Minister began to see this wasn’t working, and so Peel repealed the Corn Laws. At first farmers thought this would be the end for them but in fact it wasn’t at all. Straight afterwards, a Golden Age in farming occurred where British agriculture saw huge prosperity on all levels.

We can write a custom essay

According to Your Specific Requirements

Order an essay

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

South American agriculture

In the United States, sectionalism began in 1800s between the North America and the South America. That was the act in various cultural, social and political life styles were displayed in both the North and South. According to Agnew &John definition, “Sectionalism is the act of showing loyalty to a section of your nation where you belong instead of the whole nation. ” The real...

Implementation of sustainable agriculture

1. Calls upon Member States, especially those in a position to do so, and relevant United Nations organizations to make greater efforts to promote sustainable agriculture in order to substantiate and fortify global food security. A measure that can be taken to sort this is: a) educating illiterate farmers and smallholding owners, which would inevitably bring about positive changes in terms of modernization and controlled...

Dependence on agriculture

Almost half the world’s population lives on less than $2 per day. This poverty level persists despite the human intervention (World Bank, 2001). About 800 million people are malnourished and food production will be twice this value within the next 35 years to meet this demand (Watson, 2001). Climate change is a major risk for long-term food security: Countries within the southern hemisphere may suffer...

Land Rights and The Global Land Rush

A global land rush—sparked initially by a dramatic rise in global food prices and now driven by a variety of factors including increased demand for food and biofuels, carbon markets and speculation—is remaking the face of agriculture and land use in the developing world. These investments, whether by purchase, lease, or concession of land, typically shift the land from traditional uses, such as smallholder farms...

Nip This in the Bud

Genetically modified crops, whose ecological effects are irreversible, could become a mainstay of Indian agriculture thanks to collusion between the government and the biotech industry The final report of the Supreme Court-appointed Technical Expert Committee (TEC) on field trials of genetically modified crops is packed with revelations on what is wrong with institutional governance and regulation in India when it comes to GMOs (genetically-modified organisms)....

Get Access To The Full Essay
Materials Daily
100,000+ Subjects
2000+ Topics
Free Plagiarism
All Materials
are Cataloged Well

Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email.

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.
Sorry, but only registered users have full access

How about getting this access

Become a member

Your Answer Is Very Helpful For Us
Thank You A Lot!


Emma Taylor


Hi there!
Would you like to get such a paper?
How about getting a customized one?

Can't find What you were Looking for?

Get access to our huge, continuously updated knowledge base

The next update will be in:
14 : 59 : 59
Become a Member