The Greek Temple Essay Sample
- Word count: 643
- Category: temple
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The Greek Temple Essay Sample
The Greek cities demonstrated their wealth, power and social status, particularly in the temple building. I think these structures say a lot about their style, taste and status. These remnants are the only remaining witnesses of the great and colorful culture and history behind Greece’s generations.
In some of the movies, we see about Greece, we can distinguish right away where the location is because of the architectural styles. Buildings are easily recognizable because of its unique façade. Their intricate designs are everywhere, marketplace, temples, government offices, public and national sanctuaries and so on.
Along with this façade, we will notice that these movies do not only exhibit Greece’s breath-taking site but also actors citing more than once the name of their gods. One more noticeable thing is that the name of the rulers who once held Greece, were the next frequently mentioned names.
Most of the times, when we read fiction books about Greece; it is centered in religion, war, politics or the combination of those. The reason for this is that communities, societies, religion and politics play a very vital role in Greek culture. The structures tell so many of these too.
During the early periods of Greece, places of worship like altars and temples were made solely for the purpose of veneration for the gods. One temple, built more like a house, contains one altar enclosing one representation of a god. The only difference these houses have from the ordinary mortal house is that the house for the gods has an elongated arrangement.
Since the Greeks visited Egypt, the structures in Greece slowly accommodated and copied some of the Egyptian styles in their architectural designs. The first noticeable change was the replacement of stone pillars into wooden ones. This provided an opportunity for the expression of proportion and pattern, an expression that eventually took the form of the evolution of the stone “orders” of architecture.
The Doric order was invented later on. Its parts – the simple, baseless columns, the spreading capitals, and the alternating vertically ridged and plain blocks, wall painting above the columns – constitute and aesthetic development in stone integrating variants on themes used functionally in earlier wood and brick construction.
The Ionic order evolved later in Greece. The first style appeared in stone columns with capitals elaborately carved in floral hoops. As history would say it, this pattern was to be the determining factor in the full development of the Ionic order.
In my own point of view, the reason for the gradual and continuous shift in structures is the rulers’ demonstration of power and wealth. Most of the temples were in Doric with a tinge of Ionic style in them. They relied more on painted limestones since marble was not readily available. To carry the weight of the massive structure, the outer columns were not freestanding but were half columns engaged against a continuous solid wall. Possibly, architectures of that time thought it was safe to have the buildings supported by a firmer foundation other than just columns.
For me, the importance of the organizational system of the orders was mainly to keep the structure intact. Having a massive structure – usually made of marbles and other stones – poles and columns are not sufficient to hold it. Therefore, architects incorporated wall supports to address the construction issues of the buildings.
I believe that these temples play a unifying role in politics, culture and religion in the sense that the buildings holding them separately, and ironically keeping them apart from each other, shares the same architectural designs that developed through times. State and Religion however separated by law commune in a way with their structures, thus making Greece worthy of its name – “glory” as it is.