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The hybrid threat of the Second Indochina War Essay Sample

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The hybrid threat of the Second Indochina War Essay Sample

The hybrid threat of the Second Indochina War significantly contributed to the unification of Vietnam and the only known loss to the United States of America. The combination of assistance from Communist allies to the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong, along with the tactics utilized, played a monumental role in defeating the Republic of South Vietnam and the U. S. These regular and irregular forces’ working together in conjunction of the aid rendered by China and the Soviet Union is an excellent example of a hybrid threat.

The North Vietnamese Army (NVA) and the Viet Cong (VC) both shared mutual desires to Re-Unify Vietnam into one country and remove the western influence within their region. The NVA utilized conventional or regular military tactics when fighting a campaign. The VC were opposite of their counterparts in their approach to fighting. The VC utilized “guerilla warfare” or irregular tactics to fight. The combination of these two forces combined was too much for the U. S. and it’s allies to endure.

The U. S. and the Republic of South Vietnam desired to prevent a communist take over of the country. This was a part of the “domino theory“ of a wider containment policy [1]. The Domino Theory feels that if one country fell into communist control, then it’s neighbors would also soon fall like a row of dominos. [2]. Desiring to maintain its influence in the Pacific region, this theory is what solidified the U. S. to begin actively getting involved in the war. The U. S. is a well-trained and disciplined fighting force.

Aligning its forces with the Republic of South Vietnam should have ensured a victory. However, South Vietnam was less organized and not equally equipped. The sheer magnitude of the U. S. forces and equipment alone utilizing a conventional fighting style was the wrong tactic for the U. S. “The U. S. tactics were wrong. Fighting a conventional war against a guerrilla war, the U. S. should have learnt from the previous Indochina War between the French and the Vietnamese. [3] China shared a mutual interests in the second Indochina war.

China began to aid the Republic forces as early as 1964. Extending “diplomatic recognition”, to North Vietnam, China’s support was both financial and tangible. From 1964 until 1972, China gave military aid in the form of personnel, guns, artillery, radios, telephones, tanks, planes, and automobiles. China’s assistance sustained vital infrastructure needed by the North Vietnamese to continue their insurgency campaign. provided. Russia began backing North Vietnam by sending medical supplies, tanks, planes, helicopters, and anti-aircraft missiles.

Russia also provided a key necessity to North Vietnam in the form of intelligence. Russian ships in the South China Sea gave vital early warnings to the Viet Cong forces. The timely and accurate information allowed Viet Cong forces to vacate the area before the U. S. Bombers could arrive and begin their bombing runs. The result, Zero causalities, of military or civilian leaders were recorded between the years of 1968 and 1970 as a result of Soviet intelligence provided. In conclusion, the Second Indochina War is a great example of a hybrid threat.

The aid rendered to the NVA and VC from it’s communist counterparts along with multiple tactics resulted in the defeat of a more superior fighting force. This resulted in the Re-unification of Vietnam. This is also, arguably, the only known loss for the United States of America while rendering aid and assistance to an ally in a major conflict.


American Recolutionary War. (2016, November 17). Retrieved October 14, 2017, from http://newworldencyclopedia. org/entry/American_Revoutionary_War American Revolutionary War. (n. d. ). Retrieved October 14, 2017, from http://www. americanrevolutionarywar. net/ French Alliance, French Assistance, and European Diplomacy during the American Revoution, 1778-1782. (n. d. ).

Retrieved October 14, 2017, from https://history. state. gov/milestones/1776-1782/french-alliance Ronemus, A. (1995, July 04). Minutemen. Retrieved October 14, 2017, from http://www. ushistory. org/people/minutemen. htm Stewart, R. (2009). American Military History Volume 1, The United States Army And The Forging Of A Nation, 1775-1917. Washington, D. C. : Center of Military History United States Army.

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