Adolf Hitler was the head of Nazi Germany from the year 1933 up to 1945 beforecommitting suicide. He played a significant role in initiating World War II and killed over elevenmillion persons during the Holocaust. He did not do well in school and thus left the formal education in 1905. He wished to become an artist; however, he was rejected in Vienna. He was born on April 20th, 1889 in a small town, in Australia. His father was Alois Hitler. While at the primary school, Hitler showed high intellectual ability and thus he became popular among fellow pupils. He also possessed admirable leadership qualities while at primary school. However, in high school the competition increased and Hitler lost the morale he had while in primary school (Bullock 20)
As time went on he lost his popularity among colleagues and instead concentrated with battling with younger children. At the age of fifteen years, Hitler failed his examination and was forced to repeat the year but he declined and left the formal education system. At the age of eighteen years, he migrated to Vienna using his inheritance from his dad who had just died in 1903. His intention of moving to Vienna was to pursue Art as it was his best subject while in school. Nevertheless, his application was declined for both the school of Architecture and Vienna Academy of Arts.
During this time, Hitler got interests in politics and response of people to particular issues. Specifically he was overwhelmed by nationalist Christian Socialist party. During the World War I, he volunteered himself to fight for the German as an Army officer. As a result, he gained a rank as corporal. During this time, he won many awards for being brave such as the Iron Cross First Class.
In the year 1918, Hitler was blinded in mustard gas attacks, at the same time Germany surrendered. During this time, he was at the hospital. As a result of the surrender, he went into a state of great stress and took most of his time weeping. When the war ended, his future looked uncertain. In 1919, he attended his first meeting of the Germany Employees’ party as a spy of the Germany Army. He made is his passionate speech during this meeting concerning the injustices faced by many citizens due to the Treaty of Versailles. As a result, many people were willing to join the party just to see Him making his speeches. Due to his popularity he became the leader of the National Social German Workers’ Party (NAZI) in 1921 (Bullock 56). Despite the terrible economic crisis during this time, Nazi grew and attained a membership of over 56000 members and many other supporters. In 1923, November 8th and 9th, he staged the Nazi Beer Hall putsch. He aimed at forcing the government to corporate with Nazis and move together on Berlin. He was jailed as a result and tried for treason, but the judge pitied him and gave him a light sentence (Bullock 55).
During his sentence period, he wrote ‘Mein Kampf,’ which explained his political thoughts. Immediately after his release he organized his party. The Nazis attracted a big number of followers when the world depression hit on Germany. By the year 1930, they had a collection of over 6.5 million votes. During the elections that were conducted in 1932, he became the second after Hindenburg. In 1933, 30th January, the President was forced to appoint Hitler as The Chancellor due to his support (Hitler 20).
While in office, he set about consolidating his political power, appointing Nazis to the States government and at the same time gained control over emergency powers. By so doing in secured his political powers in 1934, when Hindenburg died. Hitler put Germany’s jobless people to work on a massive rearmament plan. He used propaganda to make enemies other countries such as the Jews. His attempts to bring the nations under a war were initially ignored by his powerful neighboring countries as held their beliefs on to appeasement.
In 1936, Hitler attacked the Rhineland, who had been neutralized at Versailles. He then continued to append Austria and parts of Czechoslovakia. Under the Munich Agreement of 1938, the West acknowledged this. In 1939, Hitler made an organization together with Russia (Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact) and Italy (Pact of Steel). On 1 September 1939, Hitler attacked Poland and the Second World War started subsequently. In April 1940, Denmark and Norway were additionally taken. France immediately emulated (McElroy 50).
Hitler had vanquished most of the Western European countries, now he turned his sights East. In 1941, notwithstanding the cooperation, Germany attacked Russia under Operation Barbarossa. This was one of his most terrific missteps. With the German development impeded by the Russians ‘seared earth’ strategy, the German armed force ended up in the Russian winter without a satisfactory supply line. In 1943, they began their long withdraw.
During this particular time, the western allies were pushing Germany and even made advancement towards the country. As a result, Hitler becomes more erratic. In the year 1944, there was an attempt to assassinate Hitler but it was unsuccessful. In 1945, Hitler committed suicide with his girlfriend and Germany surrendered soon after (Durham, pp.15)
Bullock, Alan. Hitler and Stalin: parallel lives. Vol. 153. London: Fontana Press, 2011.
Bullock, Alan. “Hitler: A study in tyranny.” (2010).
Durham, Martin, and Margaret Power, eds. New Perspectives on the Transnational Right. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
McElroy, Erin. “A Postnational Double-Displacement: The Blurring of Anti-Roma Violence from Romania to Northern Ireland.” (2013).
Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf. Jaico Publishing House, 2006.