The main role of the government is to protect its people. This is achieved through three main branches that form the government. The legislative body is charged with the responsibility of policy making .it is the rule of law which is essential in the creation, preservation and advancement of an elegant society. When judges responsively punish wrongs, protect rights and resolve dispute by thoughtful, independent and impartial application of the laid down rules and laws by the legislators. The amendment of laws also lies in the hands of this branch of government. This policy-making process in the United States reflects the growth of the government of the United States. This is demonstrated by its increasing accessibility to outside interests. The expansion of internal policy making to foreign policy making shows expanding international concerns, to the interdependency of world economies, the growth of political and cultural internationalism, and the overlapping of social interests from human rights to the environment, from nutrition and health to child labor, from the Internet to genetic engineering and hormonal research. The world has gotten smaller and more complex. The distinction between foreign and domestic as well as the one between national and international has become blurred. As a consequence, the pressures and players have multiplied as has the politics. (Mezey, 1996)
The role of the judiciary which is one of the three branches of the united state government is to defend and uphold the United States Constitution. They ensure that the rule of law reign. The judiciary reflects extent the level of a court’s or judge’s jurisdiction. The pervasive element in the judiciary’s role at all level is the protection of each person’s Constitutional, human, civil and legal rights. This is an essential role in protecting individuals from the unlawful activity of others, protecting the weak from the strong, the powerless from the powerful as well as protecting individuals from the unnecessary or unlawful exercise of power by the State. In addition, the judiciary plays a crucial role in securing domestic serenity by providing a structured institutionalized forum for the resolution of discord and dispute and the justification of civil and criminal behavior.
The most significant issues facing local courts emanate from the court’s principal mission of securing justice for all. Justice remains to be an empty promise to individuals or group of individuals through the denial of attainable and equal access to the courts. Economic, cultural, social and racial barriers to the court unluckily still exist. Because of the increasing complex society there is rising expense of legal action and the increasing consequences for scandalous behavior necessitates the need to construct ways through which every person, regardless of his or her life and economic circumstances will be able to have his or her way in court. This is because, when an individual or a segment of society has no ability to utilize the court, their disaffection and exclusion adversely affect society as a whole. (Mezey, 1996)
Impartiality should be indissoluble from fairness. Studies report indicates that unfairness in the court system still area rampant. Every judge and the court as a whole must remain watchful that fairness as the court’s hallmark be put into practice. This will enable the organization to carry out its activities with easy and provide better services to the individuals and the community it serves. Recently the court had to address this issue to reinforce policies and procedures designed to assure equal treatment of the strong and the weak, powerful and powerless, privileged and disadvantaged, majority and minority.
Homeless Assistance Act,
The court together with the legislative had to address the issue of creating housing for low-income households by enacting a National Housing Trust Fund. This was meant to protect, preserve, and expand existing federal housing programs that serve the lowest-income people. Several cases involving the rights of kids have been decided in the federal courts in recent years. Some of these cases have involved issues such as free speech in public schools. The question of whether parents must be notified before a minor child gets an abortion is also a problem to address. These are the issues that such an organization deals with as children’s rights issues. It also addresses a different and probably even more fundamental concern of whether children should have the minimal levels of economic and social support to enable them to survive and contribute meaningfully in the society. This can only be achieved if the administration making the policies (legislators) develop and publish a coordinated federal plan to end homelessness. In addition, it requires the jurisdiction to enable the organization to receive federal housing funds to protect the civil rights of homeless persons and the unprivileged. (Mezey, 1996)
The law influences decision making both positively and negative in accordance to the organization goals. Laws that support the organization’s goal like provision of education and other necessities affects the organizational decision making positively. Those laws which bar close interrelations with the public adversely affect the organization policy making negatively. Some laws have not been enacted and need to be put in placed for proper decisions making of the organization
Mezey, S. G. (1996): Children in Court: Public Policymaking and Federal Court
Decisions By. State University of New York Press